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29 [twenty-nine]

At the restaurant 1


२९ [एकोणतीस]

उपाहारगृहात १


Is this table taken?
हे टेबल आरक्षित आहे का?
hē ṭēbala ārakṣita āhē kā?
I would like the menu, please.
कृपया मेन्यू द्या.
Kr̥payā mēn'yū dyā.
What would you recommend?
आपण कुठल्या पदार्थांची शिफारस कराल?
Āpaṇa kuṭhalyā padārthān̄cī śiphārasa karāla?
I’d like a beer.
मला एक बीयर पाहिजे.
Malā ēka bīyara pāhijē.
I’d like a mineral water.
मला मिनरल वॉटर पाहिजे.
Malā minarala vŏṭara pāhijē.
I’d like an orange juice.
मला संत्र्याचा रस पाहिजे.
Malā santryācā rasa pāhijē.
I’d like a coffee.
मला कॉफी पाहिजे.
Malā kŏphī pāhijē.
I’d like a coffee with milk.
मला दूध घालून कॉफी पाहिजे.
Malā dūdha ghālūna kŏphī pāhijē.
With sugar, please.
कृपया साखर घालून.
Kr̥payā sākhara ghālūna.
I’d like a tea.
मला चहा पाहिजे.
Malā cahā pāhijē.
I’d like a tea with lemon.
मला लिंबू घालून चहा पाहिजे.
Malā limbū ghālūna cahā pāhijē.
I’d like a tea with milk.
मला दूध घालून चहा पाहिजे.
Malā dūdha ghālūna cahā pāhijē.
Do you have cigarettes?
आपल्याकडे सिगारेट आहे का?
Āpalyākaḍē sigārēṭa āhē kā?
Do you have an ashtray?
आपल्याकडे राखदाणी आहे का?
Āpalyākaḍē rākhadāṇī āhē kā?
Do you have a light?
आपल्याकडे पेटवण्यासाठी काडी आहे का?
Āpalyākaḍē pēṭavaṇyāsāṭhī kāḍī āhē kā?
I’m missing a fork.
माझ्याकडे काटा नाही आहे.
Mājhyākaḍē kāṭā nāhī āhē.
I’m missing a knife.
माझ्याकडे सुरी नाही आहे.
Mājhyākaḍē surī nāhī āhē.
I’m missing a spoon.
माझ्याकडे चमचा नाही आहे.
Mājhyākaḍē camacā nāhī āhē.

Grammar prevents lies!

Every language has particular features. But some also have characteristics that are unique worldwide. Among these languages is Trio. Trio is a Native American language in South America. Around 2,000 people in Brazil and Suriname speak it. What makes Trio special is its grammar. Because it forces its speakers to always tell the truth. The so-called frustrative ending is responsible for this. This ending is added to verbs in Trio. It indicates how true a sentence is. A simple example explains how exactly it works. Let's take the sentence The child went to school. In Trio, the speaker has to add a certain ending onto the verb. Through the ending he is able to communicate whether he saw the child himself. But he can also express that he only knows it from speaking to others. Or he says through the ending that he knows it's a lie. So the speaker has to commit to what he is saying. Meaning, he must communicate how true a statement is. In this way he cannot keep anything a secret or sugarcoat anything. If a Trio speaker leaves the ending off, he is deemed a liar. In Suriname the official language is Dutch. Translations from Dutch into Trio are often problematic. Because most languages are much less precise. They make it possible for the speakers to be vague. Therefore, interpreters don't always commit to what they are saying. The communication with Trio speakers is thereby difficult. Perhaps the frustrative ending would be helpful in other languages too!? Not only in the language of politics…

Guess the language!

*****onian is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in *****onia. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular. It has been influenced by numerous other languages.

The neighboring country of Serbia has especially influenced the *****onian language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for *****onian to establish itself as its own language. *****onian literature has especially suffered from this situation. *****onian is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the *****onian identity.


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