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93 [ninety-three]

Subordinate clauses: if





I don’t know if he loves me.
mainū patā nahīṁ ki uha mainū pi'āra karadā hai jāṁ nahīṁ.
I don’t know if he’ll come back.
Mainū patā nahīṁ ki uha vāpasa ā'ēgā jāṁ nahīṁ.
I don’t know if he’ll call me.
Mainū patā nahīṁ ki uha mainū phōna karēgā jāṁ nahīṁ.
Maybe he doesn’t love me?
Kī uha mainū pi'āra karadā hai?
Maybe he won’t come back?
Kī uha vāpasa ā'ēgā?
Maybe he won’t call me?
Kī uha phōna karēgā?
I wonder if he thinks about me.
Mainū nahīṁ patā ki uha mērē bārē sōcadā hai jāṁ nahīṁ.
I wonder if he has someone else.
Mainū nahīṁ patā ki usadī kō'ī hōra hai jāṁ nahīṁ.
I wonder if he lies.
Mainū nahīṁ patā ki uha jhūṭha bōla rihā hai jāṁ nahīṁ.
Maybe he thinks of me?
Kī uha mērē bārē sōcadā hai?
Maybe he has someone else?
Kī usadī kō'ī hōra hai?
Maybe he tells me the truth?
ਜੰਗਲੀ ਬਿੱਲਾ
Kī uha saca bōla rihā hai?
I doubt whether he really likes me.
Mainū śaka hai ki maiṁ sacīṁ usanū cagī lagadī hāṁ jāṁ nahīṁ.
I doubt whether he’ll write to me.
Mainū śaka hai ki uha mainū likhēgā jāṁ nahīṁ.
I doubt whether he’ll marry me.
Mainū śaka hē ki uha mērē nāla vi'āha karēgā jāṁ nahīṁ.
Does he really like me?
Kī maiṁ sacamuca usanū cagī lagadī hāṁ jāṁ nahīṁ?
Will he write to me?
Kī uha mainū likhēgā jāṁ nahīṁ?
Will he marry me?
ਧ੍ਰੁਵੀ ਭਾਲੂ
Kī uha mērē nāla vi'āha karēgā jāṁ nahīṁ?

How does the brain learn grammar?

We begin to learn our native language as babies. This happens automatically. We are not aware of it. Our brain has to accomplish a great deal when learning, however. When we learn grammar, for example, it has a lot of work to do. Every day it hears new things. It receives new stimuli constantly. The brain can't process every stimulus individually, however. It has to act economically. Therefore, it orients itself toward regularity. The brain remembers what it hears often. It registers how often a specific thing occurs. Then it makes a grammatical rule out of these examples. Children know whether a sentence is correct or not. However, they don't know why that is. Their brain knows the rules without having learned them. Adults learn languages differently. They already know the structures of their native language. These build the basis for the new grammatical rules. But in order to learn, adults need teaching. When the brain learns grammar, it has a fixed system. This can be seen with nouns and verbs, for example. They are stored in different regions of the brain. Different areas of the brain are active when processing them. Simple rules are also learned differently than complex rules. With complex rules, more areas of the brain work together. How exactly the brain learns grammar hasn't been researched yet. However, we know that it can theoretically learn every grammar rule…

Guess the language!

______ is among the languages that dominate the book market. Great works in world literature were written by ______ authors. Thus many books are translated from ______. ______s also enjoy reading new texts so translators always have a lot to do. ______ is the native language of about 160 million people. Additionally, many people in other Slavic countries speak ______. With that, ______ is the most widespread language in Europe. Approximately 280 million people speak ______ worldwide.

As an Eastern Slavic language, ______ is related to Ukrainian and Belarusian. ______ grammar is structured very systematically. That is an advantage for people who like to think analytically and logically. ______ is absolutely worth learning! ______ is an important language in science, art and technology. And wouldn't it be nice to be able to read famous ______ literary works in their original form?


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