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4 [four]

At school


4 [ਚਾਰ]

ਸਕੂਲ ਵਿੱਚ


Where are we?
ਅਸੀਂ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹਾਂ?
asīṁ kithē hāṁ?
We are at school.
ਅਸੀਂ ਸਕੂਲ ਵਿੱਚ ਹਾਂ।
Asīṁ sakūla vica hāṁ.
We are having class / a lesson.
ਅਸੀਂ ਜਮਾਤ ਵਿੱਚ / ਇੱਕ ਸਬਕ ਸਿੱਖ ਰਹੇ ਹਾਂ।
Asīṁ jamāta vica/ ika sabaka sikha rahē hāṁ.
Those are the school children.
ਇਹ ਵਿਦਿਆਰਥੀ / ਵਿਦਿਆਰਥਣਾਂ ਹਨ।
Iha vidi'ārathī/ vidi'ārathaṇāṁ hana.
That is the teacher.
ਉਹ ਅਧਿਆਪਕ ਹੈ।
Uha adhi'āpaka hai.
That is the class.
ਉਹ ਜਮਾਤ ਹੈ।
Uha jamāta hai.
What are we doing?
ਅਸੀਂ ਕੀ ਕਰ ਰਹੇ / ਰਹੀਆਂ ਹਾਂ?
Asīṁ kī kara rahē/ rahī'āṁ hāṁ?
We are learning.
ਅਸੀਂ ਸਿੱਖ ਰਹੇ / ਰਹੀਆਂ ਹਾਂ।
Asīṁ sikha rahē/ rahī'āṁ hāṁ.
We are learning a language.
ਅਸੀਂ ਇੱਕ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ ਸਿੱਖ ਰਹੇ / ਰਹੀਆਂ ਹਾਂ।
Asīṁ ika bhāśā sikha rahē/ rahī'āṁ hāṁ.
I learn English.
ਮੈਂ ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ੀ ਸਿੱਖਦਾ / ਸਿੱਖਦੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ agarēzī sikhadā/ sikhadī hāṁ.
You learn Spanish.
ਤੂੰ ਸਪੇਨੀ ਸਿੱਖਦਾ / ਸਿੱਖਦੀ ਹੈਂ ।
Tū sapēnī sikhadā/ sikhadī haiṁ.
He learns German.
ਉਹ ਜਰਮਨ ਸਿੱਖਦਾ ਹੈ।
Uha jaramana sikhadā hai.
We learn French.
ਅਸੀਂ ਫਰਾਂਸੀਸੀ ਸਿੱਖਦੇ ਹਾਂ।
Asīṁ pharānsīsī sikhadē hāṁ.
You all learn Italian.
ਤੁਸੀਂ ਸਭ ਇਟਾਲੀਅਨ ਸਿੱਖਦੇ / ਸਿੱਖਦੀਆਂ ਹੋ।
Tusīṁ sabha iṭālī'ana sikhadē/ sikhadī'āṁ hō.
They learn Russian.
ਉਹ ਰੂਸੀ ਸਿੱਖਦੇ / ਸਿੱਖਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ।
Uha rūsī sikhadē/ sikhadī'āṁ hana.
Learning languages is interesting.
ਭਾਸ਼ਾਂਵਾਂ ਸਿੱਖਣਾ ਦਿਲਚਸਪ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ।
Bhāśānvāṁ sikhaṇā dilacasapa hudā hai.
We want to understand people.
ਅਸੀਂ ਲੋਕਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਸਮਝਣਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦੇ / ਚਾਹੁੰਦੀਆਂ ਹਾਂ।
Asīṁ lōkāṁ nū samajhaṇā cāhudē/ cāhudī'āṁ hāṁ.
We want to speak with people.
ਅਸੀਂ ਲੋਕਾਂ ਨਾਲ ਗੱਲਬਾਤ ਕਰਨਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦੇ / ਚਾਹੁੰਦੀਆਂ ਹਾਂ।
Asīṁ lōkāṁ nāla galabāta karanā cāhudē/ cāhudī'āṁ hāṁ.

Mother Language Day

Do you love your native language? Then you should celebrate it in the future! And always on February 21! That is International Mother Language Day. It has been celebrated every year since 2000. UNESCO established the day. UNESCO is a United Nations (UN) organization. They are concerned with topics in science, education, and culture. UNESCO strives to protect the cultural heritage of humanity. Languages are a cultural heritage too. Therefore, they must be protected, cultivated, and promoted. Linguistic diversity is commemorated on February 21. It is estimated that there are 6,000 to 7,000 languages worldwide. Half of those, however, are threatened by extinction. Every two weeks, a language is lost forever. Yet each language is an enormous wealth of knowledge. The knowledge of a nation's people is gathered in languages. The history of a nation is reflected in its language. Experiences and traditions are also passed on through language. For this reason, the native language is an element of every national identity. When a language dies out, more than just words are lost. And all of this is meant to be commemorated on February 21. People should understand what meaning languages have. And they should reflect upon what they can do to protect languages. So show your language that it's important to you! Perhaps you could bake it a cake? And put nice fondant writing on it. In your ‘mother language’, of course!

Guess the language!

______an is a South Slavic language. It is primarily spoken in ______a and Herzegovina. Groups of speakers can also be found in Serbia, Croatia, Macedonia, and Montenegro. ______an is the native language of approximately 2.5 million people. It is very similar to Croatian and Serbian. The vocabulary, orthography, and grammar of the 3 languages only differ slightly. A person who speaks ______an can also understand Serbian and Croatian very easily. Therefore, the status of the ______an language is discussed often.

Some linguists doubt that ______an is a language at all. They claim that it is just a dialect of the Serbo-Croatian language. The many foreign influences in ______an are interesting. Earlier the region belonged to the Orient and to the Occident on a rotating basis. Because of this, there are many Arabic, Turkish, and Persian terms in the vocabulary. That is actually very rare in Slavic languages. It makes ______an very unique though.


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