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95 [ninety-five]

Conjunctions 2

 


९५ [पंचाण्णव]

उभयान्वयी अव्यय २

 

 
Since when is she no longer working?
ती कधीपासून काम करत नाही?
tī kadhīpāsūna kāma karata nāhī?
Since her marriage?
तिचे लग्न झाल्यापासून?
Ticē lagna jhālyāpāsūna?
Yes, she is no longer working since she got married.
हो, तिचे लग्न झाल्यापासून ती काम करत नाही.
Hō, ticē lagna jhālyāpāsūna tī kāma karata nāhī.
 
 
 
 
Since she got married, she’s no longer working.
तिचे लग्न झाल्यापासून ती काम करत नाही.
Ticē lagna jhālyāpāsūna tī kāma karata nāhī.
Since they have met each other, they are happy.
एकमेकांना भेटले तेव्हापासून ते आनंदी आहेत.
Ēkamēkānnā bhēṭalē tēvhāpāsūna tē ānandī āhēta.
Since they have had children, they rarely go out.
त्यांना मुले झाल्यापासून ते क्वचितच बाहेर जातात.
Tyānnā mulē jhālyāpāsūna tē kvacitaca bāhēra jātāta.
 
 
 
 
When does she call?
ती केव्हा फोन करते?
Tī kēvhā phōna karatē?
When driving?
गाडी चालवताना?
Gāḍī cālavatānā?
Yes, when she is driving.
हो, ती गाडी चालवत असते तेव्हा.
Hō, tī gāḍī cālavata asatē tēvhā.
 
 
 
 
She calls while she drives.
गाडी चालवताना ती फोन करते.
Gāḍī cālavatānā tī phōna karatē.
She watches TV while she irons.
कपड्यांना इस्त्री करताना ती दूरदर्शन बघते.
Kapaḍyānnā istrī karatānā tī dūradarśana baghatē.
She listens to music while she does her work.
तिचे काम करत असताना ती संगीत ऐकते.
Ticē kāma karata asatānā tī saṅgīta aikatē.
 
 
 
 
I can’t see anything when I don’t have glasses.
माझ्याजवळ चष्मा नसतो त्यावेळी मी काही बघू शकत नाही.
Mājhyājavaḷa caṣmā nasatō tyāvēḷī mī kāhī baghū śakata nāhī.
I can’t understand anything when the music is so loud.
संगीत मोठ्याने वाजत असते त्यावेळी मी काही समजू शकत नाही.
Saṅgīta mōṭhyānē vājata asatē tyāvēḷī mī kāhī samajū śakata nāhī.
I can’t smell anything when I have a cold.
मला सर्दी होते तेव्हा मी कशाचाही वास घेऊ शकत नाही.
Malā sardī hōtē tēvhā mī kaśācāhī vāsa ghē'ū śakata nāhī.
 
 
 
 
We’ll take a taxi if it rains.
पाऊस आला तर आम्ही टॅक्सी घेणार.
Pā'ūsa ālā tara āmhī ṭĕksī ghēṇāra.
We’ll travel around the world if we win the lottery.
लॉटरी जिंकलो तर आम्ही जगाची सफर करणार.
Lŏṭarī jiṅkalō tara āmhī jagācī saphara karaṇāra.
We’ll start eating if he doesn’t come soon.
तो लवकर नाही आला तर आम्ही खायला सुरू करणार.
Tō lavakara nāhī ālā tara āmhī khāyalā surū karaṇāra.
 
 
 
 
 

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The languages of the European Union

Today the European Union consists of more than 25 countries. In the future, even more countries will belong to the EU. A new country usually means a new language as well. Currently, more than 20 different languages are spoken in the EU. All languages in the European Union are equal. This variety of languages is fascinating. But it can lead to problems as well. Skeptics believe that the many languages are an obstacle for the EU. They hinder efficient collaboration. Many think, therefore, that there should be a common language. All countries should be able to communicate with this language. But it's not that easy. No language can be named the one official language. The other countries would feel disadvantaged. And there isn't a truly neutral language in Europe… An artificial language such as Esperanto wouldn't work either. Because the culture of a country is always reflected in the language. Therefore, no country wants to relinquish its language. The countries see a part of their identity in their language. Language policy is an important item on the EU's agenda. There is even a commissioner for multilingualism. The EU has the most translators and interpreters worldwide. Around 3,500 people work to make an agreement possible. Nevertheless, not all documents can always be translated. That would take too much time and cost too much money. Most documents are only translated into a few languages. The many languages are one of the biggest challenges of the EU. Europe should unite, without losing its many identities!

Guess the language!

______ is the native language of about 12 million people. The majority of those people live in ****** and other countries in southeastern Europe. ______ is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is closely related to Croatian and Bosnian. The grammar and vocabulary are very similar. Such being the case, it is easy for ______s, Croatians, and Bosnians to understand each other. The ______ alphabet contains 30 letters. Each one has a distinct pronunciation.

Parallels to ancient tonal languages can be found in the intonation. In Chinese, for example, the pitch of the syllables changes with the meaning. That is similar to ______. However, in this case only the pitch of the accented syllable plays a role. The strongly inflectional language structure is another hallmark of ______. That means that nouns, verbs, adjectives and pronouns are always inflected. If you are interested in grammatical structures, you should definitely learn ______!

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