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93 [ninety-three]

Subordinate clauses: if

 


९३ [त्र्याण्णव]

दुय्यम पोटवाक्य तर

 

 
I don’t know if he loves me.
तो माझ्यावर प्रेम करतो का? ते मला माहित नाही.
tō mājhyāvara prēma karatō kā? Tē malā māhita nāhī.
I don’t know if he’ll come back.
तो परत येणार असेल तर मला माहित नाही.
Tō parata yēṇāra asēla tara malā māhita nāhī.
I don’t know if he’ll call me.
तो मला फोन करणार असेल तर मला माहित नाही.
Tō malā phōna karaṇāra asēla tara malā māhita nāhī.
 
 
 
 
Maybe he doesn’t love me?
माझ्यावर त्याचे प्रेम असेल का बरं?
Mājhyāvara tyācē prēma asēla kā baraṁ?
Maybe he won’t come back?
तो परत येईल का बरं?
Tō parata yē'īla kā baraṁ?
Maybe he won’t call me?
तो मला फोन करेल का बरं?
Tō malā phōna karēla kā baraṁ?
 
 
 
 
I wonder if he thinks about me.
त्याला माझी आठवण येत असेल का? याबद्दल मी साशंक आहे.
Tyālā mājhī āṭhavaṇa yēta asēla kā? Yābaddala mī sāśaṅka āhē.
I wonder if he has someone else.
त्याची दुसरी कोणी मैत्रीण असेल का? अशी मला शंका येते.
Tyācī dusarī kōṇī maitrīṇa asēla kā? Aśī malā śaṅkā yētē.
I wonder if he lies.
तो खोटं बोलत असेल का? असा मनात प्रश्न येतो.
Tō khōṭaṁ bōlata asēla kā? Asā manāta praśna yētō.
 
 
 
 
Maybe he thinks of me?
त्याला माझी आठवण येत असेल का बरं?
Tyālā mājhī āṭhavaṇa yēta asēla kā baraṁ?
Maybe he has someone else?
त्याची आणखी कोणी मैत्रीण असेल का बरं?
Tyācī āṇakhī kōṇī maitrīṇa asēla kā baraṁ?
Maybe he tells me the truth?
तो खोटं तर बोलत नसावा?
Tō khōṭaṁ tara bōlata nasāvā?
 
 
 
 
I doubt whether he really likes me.
मी त्याला खरोखरच आवडत असेन का याची मला शंका आहे.
Mī tyālā kharōkharaca āvaḍata asēna kā yācī malā śaṅkā āhē.
I doubt whether he’ll write to me.
तो मला लिहिल का याची मला शंका आहे.
Tō malā lihila kā yācī malā śaṅkā āhē.
I doubt whether he’ll marry me.
तो माझ्याशी लग्न करेल का याची मला शंका आहे.
Tō mājhyāśī lagna karēla kā yācī malā śaṅkā āhē.
 
 
 
 
Does he really like me?
मी त्याला खरोखरच आवडते का?
Mī tyālā kharōkharaca āvaḍatē kā?
Will he write to me?
तो मला लिहिल का?
Tō malā lihila kā?
Will he marry me?
तो माझ्याशी लग्न करेल का?
Tō mājhyāśī lagna karēla kā?
 
 
 
 
 

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How does the brain learn grammar?

We begin to learn our native language as babies. This happens automatically. We are not aware of it. Our brain has to accomplish a great deal when learning, however. When we learn grammar, for example, it has a lot of work to do. Every day it hears new things. It receives new stimuli constantly. The brain can't process every stimulus individually, however. It has to act economically. Therefore, it orients itself toward regularity. The brain remembers what it hears often. It registers how often a specific thing occurs. Then it makes a grammatical rule out of these examples. Children know whether a sentence is correct or not. However, they don't know why that is. Their brain knows the rules without having learned them. Adults learn languages differently. They already know the structures of their native language. These build the basis for the new grammatical rules. But in order to learn, adults need teaching. When the brain learns grammar, it has a fixed system. This can be seen with nouns and verbs, for example. They are stored in different regions of the brain. Different areas of the brain are active when processing them. Simple rules are also learned differently than complex rules. With complex rules, more areas of the brain work together. How exactly the brain learns grammar hasn't been researched yet. However, we know that it can theoretically learn every grammar rule…

Guess the language!

______ is among the languages that dominate the book market. Great works in world literature were written by ______ authors. Thus many books are translated from ______. ______s also enjoy reading new texts so translators always have a lot to do. ______ is the native language of about 160 million people. Additionally, many people in other Slavic countries speak ______. With that, ______ is the most widespread language in Europe. Approximately 280 million people speak ______ worldwide.

As an Eastern Slavic language, ______ is related to Ukrainian and Belarusian. ______ grammar is structured very systematically. That is an advantage for people who like to think analytically and logically. ______ is absolutely worth learning! ______ is an important language in science, art and technology. And wouldn't it be nice to be able to read famous ______ literary works in their original form?

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