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58 [fifty-eight]

Parts of the body


५८ [अठ्ठावन्न]

शरीराचे अवयव


I am drawing a man.
मी माणसाचे चित्र रेखाटत आहे.
mī māṇasācē citra rēkhāṭata āhē.
First the head.
सर्वात प्रथम डोके.
Sarvāta prathama ḍōkē.
The man is wearing a hat.
माणसाने टोपी घातलेली आहे.
Māṇasānē ṭōpī ghātalēlī āhē.
One cannot see the hair.
कोणी केस पाहू शकत नाही.
Kōṇī kēsa pāhū śakata nāhī.
One cannot see the ears either.
कोणी कान पण पाहू शकत नाही.
Kōṇī kāna paṇa pāhū śakata nāhī.
One cannot see his back either.
कोणी पाठ पण पाहू शकत नाही.
Kōṇī pāṭha paṇa pāhū śakata nāhī.
I am drawing the eyes and the mouth.
मी डोळे आणि तोंड रेखाटत आहे.
Mī ḍōḷē āṇi tōṇḍa rēkhāṭata āhē.
The man is dancing and laughing.
माणूस नाचत आणि हसत आहे.
Māṇūsa nācata āṇi hasata āhē.
The man has a long nose.
माणसाचे नाक लांब आहे.
Māṇasācē nāka lāmba āhē.
He is carrying a cane in his hands.
त्याच्या हातात एक छडी आहे.
Tyācyā hātāta ēka chaḍī āhē.
He is also wearing a scarf around his neck.
त्याच्या गळ्यात एक स्कार्फ आहे.
Tyācyā gaḷyāta ēka skārpha āhē.
It is winter and it is cold.
हिवाळा आहे आणि खूप थंडी आहे.
Hivāḷā āhē āṇi khūpa thaṇḍī āhē.
The arms are athletic.
बाहू मजबूत आहेत.
Bāhū majabūta āhēta.
The legs are also athletic.
पाय पण मजबूत आहेत.
Pāya paṇa majabūta āhēta.
The man is made of snow.
माणूस बर्फाचा केलेला आहे.
Māṇūsa barphācā kēlēlā āhē.
He is neither wearing pants nor a coat.
त्याने पॅन्ट घातलेली नाही आणि कोटपण घातलेला नाही.
Tyānē pĕnṭa ghātalēlī nāhī āṇi kōṭapaṇa ghātalēlā nāhī.
But the man is not freezing.
पण तो थंडीने गारठत नाही.
Paṇa tō thaṇḍīnē gāraṭhata nāhī.
He is a snowman.
हा एक हिममानव आहे.
Hā ēka himamānava āhē.

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The language of our ancestors

Modern languages can be analyzed by linguists. Various methods are used to do so. But how did people speak thousands of years ago? It is much more difficult to answer this question. Despite this, scientists have been busy researching for years. They would like to explore how people spoke earlier. In order to do this, they attempt to reconstruct ancient speech forms. American scientists have now made an exciting discovery. They analyzed more than 2,000 languages. In particular they analyzed the sentence structure of the languages. The results of their study were very interesting. About half of the languages had the S-O-V sentence structure. That is to say, the sentences are ordered by subject, object and verb. More than 700 languages follow the pattern S-V-O. And about 160 languages operate according to the V-S-O system. Only about 40 languages use the V-O-S pattern. 120 languages display a hybrid. On the other hand, O-V-S and O-S-V are distinctly rarer systems. The majority of the analyzed languages use the S-O-V principle. Persian, Japanese and Turkish are some examples. Most living languages follow the S-V-O pattern, however. This sentence structure dominates the Indo-European language family today. Researchers believe that the S-O-V model was used earlier. All languages are based on this system. But then the languages diverged. We don't yet know how that happened. However, the variation of sentence structures must have had a reason. Because in evolution, only that which has an advantage prevails…

Guess the language!

______ is one of the Indo-Iranian languages. It is the native language of about 200 million people. More than 140 million of those people live in Bangladesh. There are also approximately 75 million speakers in India. Additional speakers are found in Malaysia, Nepal and Saudi Arabia. ______ is thus one of the most spoken languages of the world. The language has its own writing system. There are even distinct symbols for numbers.

Nowadays, however, Arabic digits are used most of the time. ______ syntax follows strict rules. The subject comes first, then the object, and finally the verb. There are no grammatical genders. Nouns and adjectives also vary only slightly. That is a good thing for everyone that wants to learn this important language. And as many as possible should do so!

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