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23 [twenty-three]

Learning foreign languages

 


२३ [तेवीस]

विदेशी भाषा शिकणे

 

 
Where did you learn Spanish?
आपण स्पॅनीश कुठे शिकलात?
āpaṇa spĕnīśa kuṭhē śikalāta?
Can you also speak Portuguese?
आपण पोर्तुगीजपण बोलता का?
Āpaṇa pōrtugījapaṇa bōlatā kā?
Yes, and I also speak some Italian.
हो, आणि मी थोडी इटालीयनपण बोलतो. / बोलते.
Hō, āṇi mī thōḍī iṭālīyanapaṇa bōlatō. / Bōlatē.
 
 
 
 
I think you speak very well.
मला वाटते आपण खूप चांगले / चांगल्या बोलता.
Malā vāṭatē āpaṇa khūpa cāṅgalē/ cāṅgalyā bōlatā.
The languages are quite similar.
ह्या भाषा खूपच एकसारख्या आहेत.
Hyā bhāṣā khūpaca ēkasārakhyā āhēta.
I can understand them well.
मी त्या चांगल्याप्रकारे समजू शकतो. / शकते.
Mī tyā cāṅgalyāprakārē samajū śakatō. / Śakatē.
 
 
 
 
But speaking and writing is difficult.
पण बोलायला आणि लिहायला कठीण आहेत.
Paṇa bōlāyalā āṇi lihāyalā kaṭhīṇa āhēta.
I still make many mistakes.
मी अजूनही खूप चुका करतो. / करते.
Mī ajūnahī khūpa cukā karatō. / Karatē.
Please correct me each time.
कृपया प्रत्येकवेळी माझ्या चुका दुरूस्त करा.
Kr̥payā pratyēkavēḷī mājhyā cukā durūsta karā.
 
 
 
 
Your pronunciation is very good.
आपले उच्चार अगदी स्वच्छ / स्पष्ट आहेत.
Āpalē uccāra agadī svaccha/ spaṣṭa āhēta.
You only have a slight accent.
आपली बोलण्याची ढब / धाटणी जराशी वेगळी आहे.
Āpalī bōlaṇyācī ḍhaba/ dhāṭaṇī jarāśī vēgaḷī āhē.
One can tell where you come from.
आपण कुठून आलात ते कोणीही ओळखू शकतो.
Āpaṇa kuṭhūna ālāta tē kōṇīhī ōḷakhū śakatō.
 
 
 
 
What is your mother tongue / native language (am.)?
आपली मातृभाषा कोणती आहे?
Āpalī mātr̥bhāṣā kōṇatī āhē?
Are you taking a language course?
आपण भाषेचा अभ्यासक्रम शिकता का?
Āpaṇa bhāṣēcā abhyāsakrama śikatā kā?
Which textbook are you using?
आपण कोणते पुस्तक वापरता?
Āpaṇa kōṇatē pustaka vāparatā?
 
 
 
 
I don’t remember the name right now.
मला आत्ता त्याचे नाव आठवत नाही.
Malā āttā tyācē nāva āṭhavata nāhī.
The title is not coming to me.
त्याचे शीर्षक मला आठवत नाही.
Tyācē śīrṣaka malā āṭhavata nāhī.
I’ve forgotten it.
मी विसरून गेलो / गेले आहे.
Mī visarūna gēlō/ gēlē āhē.
 
 
 
 
 

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Germanic Languages

The Germanic languages belong to the Indo-European language family. This linguistic group is characterized by its phonological features. Differences in the phonology distinguish these languages from others. There are about 15 Germanic languages. 500 million people worldwide speak them as their native tongue. The exact number of individual languages is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. The most prominent Germanic language is English. It has 350 million native speakers worldwide. After that come German and Dutch. The Germanic languages are divided into different groups. There are North Germanic, West Germanic, and East Germanic. North Germanic languages are the Scandinavian languages. English, German and Dutch are West Germanic languages. The East Germanic languages have all become extinct. Old English, for example, belonged to this group. Colonization spread Germanic languages across the world. As a result, Dutch is understood in the Caribbean and in South Africa. All Germanic languages are derived from a common root. Whether or not there was a uniform proto-language is unclear. Besides that, only a few old Germanic texts exist. Unlike the Romance languages, there are hardly any sources. Research of the Germanic languages is more difficult as a result. Relatively little is also known about the culture of the Germanic people, or Teutons. The people of the Teutons did not unite. As a result there was no common identity. Therefore, science has to rely on other sources. Without Greeks and Romans, we would only know a little about the Teutons!

Guess the language!

______ is a member of the Romance language family. It is closely related to Spanish, French and Italian. It is spoken in Andorra, in the *****onia region of Spain and on the Balearic Islands. ______ is also spoken in parts of Aragon and in Valencia. A total of 12 million people speak or understand ______. The language arose between the 8th and 10th century in the Pyrenees region. It then spread to the south and east through territorial conquests. It is important to note that ______ is not a dialect of Spanish.

It evolved from Vulgar Latin and is considered an independent language. Therefore, Spaniards or Latin Americans do not automatically understand it. Many structures of ______ are similar to other Romance languages. But there are also a few features that do not occur in other languages. ______ speakers are very proud of their language. Learning ______ has been actively promoted by political groups for a few centuries. Learn ______ - this language has a future!

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