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17 [seventeen]

Around the house

 


१७ [सतरा]

घरासभोवती

 

 
Our house is here.
हे आमचे घर आहे.
hē āmacē ghara āhē.
The roof is on top.
वर छप्पर आहे.
Vara chappara āhē.
The basement is below.
खाली तळघर आहे.
Khālī taḷaghara āhē.
 
 
 
 
There is a garden behind the house.
घराच्या मागे बाग आहे.
Gharācyā māgē bāga āhē.
There is no street in front of the house.
घराच्या समोर रस्ता नाही.
Gharācyā samōra rastā nāhī.
There are trees next to the house.
घराच्या बाजूला झाडे आहेत.
Gharācyā bājūlā jhāḍē āhēta.
 
 
 
 
My apartment is here.
माझी खोली इथे आहे.
Mājhī khōlī ithē āhē.
The kitchen and bathroom are here.
इथे स्वयंपाकघर आणि स्नानघर आहे.
Ithē svayampākaghara āṇi snānaghara āhē.
The living room and bedroom are there.
तिथे दिवाणखाना आणि शयनगृह आहे.
Tithē divāṇakhānā āṇi śayanagr̥ha āhē.
 
 
 
 
The front door is closed.
घराचे पुढचे दार बंद आहे.
Gharācē puḍhacē dāra banda āhē.
But the windows are open.
पण खिडक्या उघड्या आहेत.
Paṇa khiḍakyā ughaḍyā āhēta.
It is hot today.
आज गरमी आहे.
Āja garamī āhē.
 
 
 
 
We are going to the living room.
चला, आपण दिवाणखान्यात जाऊया!
Calā, āpaṇa divāṇakhān'yāta jā'ūyā!
There is a sofa and an armchair there.
तिथे एक सोफा आणि एक हातांची खुर्ची आहे.
Tithē ēka sōphā āṇi ēka hātān̄cī khurcī āhē.
Please, sit down!
आपण बसा ना!
Āpaṇa basā nā!
 
 
 
 
My computer is there.
तिथे माझा संगणक आहे.
Tithē mājhā saṅgaṇaka āhē.
My stereo is there.
तिथे माझा स्टिरिओ आहे.
Tithē mājhā sṭiri'ō āhē.
The TV set is brand new.
दूरदर्शन संच एकदम नवीन आहे.
Dūradarśana san̄ca ēkadama navīna āhē.
 
 
 
 
 

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Words and vocabulary

Every language has its own vocabulary. This consists of a certain number of words. A word is an independent linguistic unit. Words always have a distinct meaning. This distinguishes them from sounds or syllables. The number of words is different in every language. English, for example, has many words. It's even known as the World Champion in the category of vocabulary. The English language supposedly has more than one million words today. The Oxford English Dictionary has more than 600,000 words in it. Chinese, Spanish and Russian have much fewer. The vocabulary of a language is also dependent on its history. English has been influenced by many other languages and cultures. As a result, the English vocabulary has increased considerably. But even today the English vocabulary continues to get larger. Experts estimate that 15 new words are added every day. These originate from new media more than anywhere else. Scientific terminology is not counted here. For chemical terminology alone contains thousands of words. Longer words are used less than shorter words in almost every language. And most speakers only use a few words. That is why we decide between active and passive vocabulary. Passive vocabulary contains words that we understand. But we use them seldom or not at all. Active vocabulary contains the words that we use on a regular basis. A few words suffice for simple conversations or texts. In English, you only need around 400 words and 40 verbs for that. So don't worry if your vocabulary is limited!

Guess the language!

______ is in the Afro-Asiatic language family. It is closely related to Arabic and Aramaic. ______ is the native language of 5 million people. Modern ______ is an artificially created language. It is based on long-extinct ancient ______. The vocabulary and grammar were borrowed in part from other languages. In this way ancient ______ was deliberately converted into a modern standard language. This planned linguistic change is unique worldwide.

The ______ semiotic system consists of a consonantal alphabet. That means that vowels are not written, as a rule. They do not have their own letters. ______ text is read from right to left. Its symbols go back to a 3000 year-old tradition. Whoever learns ______ learns a piece of cultural history at the same time. Give it a try!

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book2 English UK - Marathi for beginners