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67 [sixty-seven]

Possessive pronouns 2

 


‫67 [سڑسٹھ]‬

‫قوائد اضافی 2‬

 

 
the glasses
‫عینک‬
aynak
He has forgotten his glasses.
‫وہ اپنی عینک بھول گیا ہے -‬
woh apni aynak bhool gaya hai -
Where has he left his glasses?
‫اسکی عینک کہاں ہے ؟‬
uski aynak kahan hai?
 
 
 
 
the clock
‫گھڑی‬
ghari
His clock isn’t working.
‫اسکی گھڑی خراب ہے -‬
uski ghari kharab hai -
The clock hangs on the wall.
‫گھڑی دیوار پر لٹکی ہے -‬
ghari deewar par lataki hai -
 
 
 
 
the passport
‫پاسپورٹ‬
passport
He has lost his passport.
‫اسکا پاسپورٹ گم ہو گیا ہے -‬
uska passport gum ho gaya hai -
Where is his passport then?
‫اسکا پاسپورٹ کہاں ہے ؟‬
uska passport kahin hai?
 
 
 
 
they – their
‫وہ – ا نکا‬
woh nika
The children cannot find their parents.
‫بچے اپنے والدین سے نہیں مل پارہے ہیں -‬
bachay apne waldain se nahi mil par hai hain -
Here come their parents!
‫لیکن انکے والدین وہ آرہے ہیں !‬
lekin unkay waldain woh arhay hain !
 
 
 
 
you – your
‫آپ – آپ کا‬
aap aap ka
How was your trip, Mr. Miller?
‫آپ کا سفر کیسا رہا ؟ مسٹر مولر،‬
aap ka safar kaisa raha mister?
Where is your wife, Mr. Miller?
‫آپ کی بیوی کہاں ہے ؟ مسٹر مولر،‬
aap ki biwi kahan hai mister?
 
 
 
 
you – your
‫آپ – آپ کا‬
aap aap ka
How was your trip, Mrs. Smith?
‫آپ کا سفر کیسا رہا ؟ مسز شمڈ،‬
aap ka safar kaisa raha mrs shmd?
Where is your husband, Mrs. Smith?
‫مسز شمڈ، آپ کے شوہر کہاں ہیں ؟‬
aap ke shohar kahan hain, mrs shmd?
 
 
 
 


Genetic mutation makes speaking possible

Man is the only living creature on Earth that can speak. This distinguishes him from animals and plants. Of course animals and plants also communicate with each other. However, they do not speak a complex syllable language. But why can man speak? Certain physical features are needed in order to be able to speak. These physical features are only found in humans. However, that does not necessarily mean that man developed them. In evolutionary history, nothing happens without a reason. Somewhere along the line, man began to speak. We do not yet know when exactly that was. But something must have happened that gave man speech. Researchers believe that a genetic mutation was responsible. Anthropologists have compared the genetic material of various living beings. It is well known that a particular gene influences speech. People in which it is damaged have problems with speech. They can't express themselves well and have a hard time understanding words. This gene was examined in people, apes, and mice. It is very similar in humans and chimpanzees. Only two small differences can be identified. But these differences make their presence known in the brain. Together with other genes, they influence certain brain activities. Thus humans can speak, whereas apes cannot. However, the riddle of the human language is not yet solved. For the gene mutation alone is not enough to enable speech. Researchers implanted the human gene variant in mice. It didn't give them the ability to speak… But their squeaks made quite a racket!

Guess the language!

******an is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is thereby related to Finnish and Hungarian. However, parallels to Hungarian are only slightly noticeable. Many think that ******an is similar to Latvian or Lithuanian. That is completely false, however. Both of those languages belong to a completely different language family. ******an does not have any grammatical genders. There is no differentiation between feminine and masculine.

Instead there are 14 different cases. The orthography is not very difficult. It is determined by the pronunciation. This should definitely be practiced with a native speaker. If you want to learn ******an, you need discipline and a little patience. ******ans are happy to overlook little mistakes made by foreigners. They are excited to meet anyone who is interested in their language!

 


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book2 English UK - Urdu for beginners