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66 [sixty-six]

Possessive pronouns 1


66 [ਛਿਆਹਠ]

ਸੰਬੰਧਵਾਚਕ ਪੜਨਾਂਵ 1


I – my
ਮੈਂ – ਮੇਰਾ / ਮੇਰੀ / ਮੇਰੇ
maiṁ – mērā/ mērī/ mērē
I can’t find my key.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਆਪਣੀ ਚਾਬੀ ਨਹੀਂ ਮਿਲ ਰਹੀ ਹੈ।
mainū āpaṇī cābī nahīṁ mila rahī hai.
I can’t find my ticket.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਆਪਣੀ ਟਿਕਟ ਨਹੀਂ ਮਿਲ ਰਹੀ।
Mainū āpaṇī ṭikaṭa nahīṁ mila rahī.
you – your
ਤੂੰ – ਤੇਰਾ / ਤੇਰੀ / ਤੇਰੇ
Tū – tērā/ tērī/ tērē
Have you found your key?
ਕੀ ਤੈਨੂੰ ਆਪਣੀ ਚਾਬੀ ਮਿਲ ਗਈ ਹੈ?
kī tainū āpaṇī cābī mila ga'ī hai?
Have you found your ticket?
ਕੀ ਤੈਨੂੰ ਆਪਣੀ ਟਿਕਟ ਮਿਲ ਗਈ ਹੈ?
Kī tainū āpaṇī ṭikaṭa mila ga'ī hai?
he – his
ਉਹ – ਉਸਦਾ / ਉਸਦੀ / ਉਸਦੇ
Uha – usadā/ usadī/ usadē
Do you know where his key is?
ਕੀ ਤੈਨੂੰ ਪਤਾ ਹੈ, ਉਸਦੀ ਚਾਬੀ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ?
kī tainū patā hai, usadī cābī kithē hai?
Do you know where his ticket is?
ਕੀ ਤੈਨੂੰ ਪਤਾ ਹੈ, ਉਸਦੀ ਟਿਕਟ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ?
Kī tainū patā hai, usadī ṭikaṭa kithē hai?
she – her
ਉਹ – ਉਸਦਾ / ਉਸਦੀ / ਉਸਦੇ
Uha – usadā/ usadī/ usadē
Her money is gone.
ਉਸਦੇ ਪੈਸੇ ਚੋਰੀ ਹੋ ਗਏ ਹਨ।
usadē paisē cōrī hō ga'ē hana.
And her credit card is also gone.
ਅਤੇ ਉਸਦਾ ਕ੍ਰੈਡਿਟ ਕਾਰਡ ਵੀ ਚੋਰੀ ਹੋ ਗਿਆ ਹੈ।
Atē usadā kraiḍiṭa kāraḍa vī cōrī hō gi'ā hai.
we – our
ਅਸੀਂ – ਸਾਡਾ / ਸਾਡੀ / ਸਾਡੇ
Asīṁ – sāḍā/ sāḍī/ sāḍē
Our grandfather is ill.
ਸਾਡੇ ਦਾਦਾ ਜੀ ਬੀਮਾਰ ਹਨ।
sāḍē dādā jī bīmāra hana.
Our grandmother is healthy.
ਸਾਡੀ ਦਾਦੀ ਦੀ ਸਿਹਤ ਚੰਗੀ ਹੈ।
Sāḍī dādī dī sihata cagī hai.
you – your
ਤੁਸੀਂ ਸਾਰੇ – ਤੁਹਾਡਾ / ਤੁਹਾਡੀ / ਤੁਹਾਡੇ
Tusīṁ sārē – tuhāḍā/ tuhāḍī/ tuhāḍē
Children, where is your father?
ਬੱਚਿਓ, ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਪਿਤਾ ਜੀ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹਨ?
baci'ō, tuhāḍē pitā jī kithē hana?
Children, where is your mother?
ਬੱਚਿਓ, ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਮਾਤਾ ਜੀ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹਨ?
Baci'ō, tuhāḍē mātā jī kithē hana?

Creative Language

Today, creativity is an important feature. Everyone wants to be creative. Because creative people are considered intelligent. Our language should be creative as well. Previously, people tried to speak as correctly as possible. Today a person should speak as creatively as possible. Advertising and new media are examples of this. They demonstrate how one can play with language. For the last 50 years the significance of creativity has increased greatly. Even research is concerned with the phenomenon. Psychologists, educators and philosophers examine creative processes. Creativity is defined as the ability to create something new. So a creative speaker produces new linguistic forms. They could be words or grammatical structures. By studying creative language, linguists can identify how language changes. But not everyone understands new linguistic elements. In order to understand creative language, you need knowledge. One must know how language functions. And one must be familiar with the world in which the speakers live. Only then can one understand what they want to say. Teenage slang is an example of this. Kids and young people are always inventing new terms. Adults often do not understand these words. Now, dictionaries have been published that explain teenage slang. But they are usually already outdated after just one generation! However, creative language can be learned. Trainers offer several courses in it. The most important rule is always: activate your inner voice!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the constructed languages. Constructed languages are deliberately created, so they follow a clear plan. Elements from different languages are mixed in the process. In this way, constructed languages should be easy to learn for as many people as possible. ______ was first introduced in Warsaw in 1887. Its founder was the doctor Ludwik L. Zamenhof (pseudonym: Dr. ______, the Hopeful). He believed that communication problems were the main cause of unhappiness. Therefore, he wanted to create a neutral language that brought people together.

Today ______ is the most well-known constructed language in the world. It is also associated with goals like tolerance and civil rights. ______ is largely Indo-European oriented. The majority of the vocabulary, for example, is originally Romanian. People in more than 120 countries are proficient in the language. They get together regularly in clubs and at international conventions. Learn ______ and find new friends!

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