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92 [ninety-two]

Subordinate clauses: that 2


೯೨ [ತೊಂಬತ್ತೆರಡು]

ಅಧೀನ ವಾಕ್ಯ - ಅದು / ಎಂದು ೨


I’m angry that you snore.
ನೀನು ಗೊರಕೆ ಹೊಡೆಯುತ್ತೀಯ ಎಂದು ನನಗೆ ಕೋಪ ಬರುತ್ತದೆ.
nīnu gorake hoḍeyuttīya endu nanage kōpa baruttade.
I’m angry that you drink so much beer.
ನೀನು ಅಷ್ಟೊಂದು ಬೀರ್ ಕುಡಿಯುತ್ತೀಯ ಎಂದು ನನಗೆ ಕೋಪ ಬರುತ್ತದೆ.
Nīnu aṣṭondu bīr kuḍiyuttīya endu nanage kōpa baruttade.
I’m angry that you come so late.
ನೀನು ತುಂಬಾ ತಡವಾಗಿ ಬರುತ್ತೀಯ ಎಂದು ನನಗೆ ಕೋಪ ಬರುತ್ತದೆ.
Nīnu tumbā taḍavāgi baruttīya endu nanage kōpa baruttade.
I think he needs a doctor.
ಅವನಿಗೆ ವೈದ್ಯರ ಅವಶ್ಯಕತೆ ಇದೆ ಎಂದು ಭಾವಿಸುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Avanige vaidyara avaśyakate ide endu bhāvisuttēne.
I think he is ill.
ಅವನು ಅಸ್ವಸ್ಥನಾಗಿದ್ದಾನೆ ಎಂದು ನಾನು ಭಾವಿಸುತ್ತೇನೆ
Avanu asvasthanāgiddāne endu nānu bhāvisuttēne
I think he is sleeping now.
ಅವನು ನಿದ್ದೆ ಮಾಡುತ್ತಿದ್ದಾನೆ ಎಂದುಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತೇನೆ
avanu nidde māḍuttiddāne endukoḷḷuttēne
We hope that he marries our daughter.
ಅವನು ನಮ್ಮ ಮಗಳನ್ನು ಮದುವೆಯಾಗುತ್ತಾನೆ ಎಂದು ಆಶಿಸುತ್ತೇವೆ..
avanu nam'ma magaḷannu maduveyāguttāne endu āśisuttēve..
We hope that he has a lot of money.
ಅವನು ತುಂಬ ಹಣವನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿದ್ದಾನೆ ಎಂದುಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತೇವೆ.
Avanu tumba haṇavannu hondiddāne endukoḷḷuttēve.
We hope that he is a millionaire.
ಅವನು ಲಕ್ಷಾಧಿಪತಿ ಎಂದು ಭಾವಿಸುತ್ತೇವೆ.
Avanu lakṣādhipati endu bhāvisuttēve.
I heard that your wife had an accident.
ನಿನ್ನ ಹೆಂಡತಿಗೆ ಅಪಘಾತವಾಯಿತು ಎಂದು ಕೇಳಿದೆ.
Ninna heṇḍatige apaghātavāyitu endu kēḷide.
I heard that she is in the hospital.
ಅವಳು ಆಸ್ಪತ್ರೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಇದ್ದಾಳೆ ಎಂದು ಕೇಳಿದೆ.
Avaḷu āspatreyalli iddāḷe endu kēḷide.
I heard that your car is completely wrecked.
ನಿನ್ನ ಗಾಡಿ ಸಂಪೂರ್ಣವಾಗಿ ನಾಶವಾಗಿದೆ ಎಂದು ಕೇಳಿದೆ.
Ninna gāḍi sampūrṇavāgi nāśavāgide endu kēḷide.
I’m happy that you came.
ನೀವು ಬಂದಿದ್ದೀರಿ ಎಂದು ನನಗೆ ಸಂತೋಷವಾಗಿದೆ.
Nīvu bandiddīri endu nanage santōṣavāgide.
I’m happy that you are interested.
ನೀವು ಆಸಕ್ತಿ ಹೊಂದಿದ್ದೀರಿ ಎಂದು ನನಗೆ ಸಂತೋಷವಾಗಿದೆ.
Nīvu āsakti hondiddīri endu nanage santōṣavāgide.
I’m happy that you want to buy the house.
ನೀವು ಆ ಮನೆಯನ್ನು ಕೊಳ್ಳಲು ಬಯಸುತ್ತೀರಿ ಎಂದು ನನಗೆ ಸಂತೋಷವಾಗಿದೆ.
Nīvu ā maneyannu koḷḷalu bayasuttīri endu nanage santōṣavāgide.
I’m afraid the last bus has already gone.
ಕೊನೆಯ ಬಸ್ ಹೊರಟು ಹೋಗಿದೆ ಎಂದು ನನಗೆ ಅಂಜಿಕೆಯಾಗಿದೆ.
Koneya bas horaṭu hōgide endu nanage an̄jikeyāgide.
I’m afraid we will have to take a taxi.
ನಾವು ಟ್ಯಾಕ್ಸಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಪ್ರಯಾಣ ಮಾಡಬೇಕಾಗುತ್ತದೆ ಎಂದುಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nāvu ṭyāksiyalli prayāṇa māḍabēkāguttade endukoḷḷuttēne.
I’m afraid I have no more money.
ನನ್ನ ಬಳಿ ಹಣ ಇಲ್ಲ ಎಂದುಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nanna baḷi haṇa illa endukoḷḷuttēne.

From gestures to speech

When we speak or listen, our brain has a lot to do. It has to process the linguistic signals. Gestures and symbols are linguistic signals too. They existed even before human speech. Some symbols are understood in all cultures. Others have to be learned. They can't be understood just by looking at them. Gestures and symbols are processed like speech. And they are processed in the same area of the brain! A new study has proven this. Researchers tested several test subjects. These test subjects had to view various video clips. While they were watching the clips, their brain activity was measured. In one group, the clips expressed various things. These occurred through movements, symbols and speech. The other test group watched different video clips. These videos were nonsense clips. Speech, gestures and symbols didn't exist. They had no meaning. In the measurements, the researchers saw what was processed where. They could compare the brain activity of the test subjects. Everything that had meaning was analyzed in the same area. The results of this experiment are very interesting. They show how our brain has learned language over time. At first, man communicated with gestures. Later he developed a language. The brain had to learn, therefore, to process speech like gestures. And evidently it simply updated the old version …

Guess the language!

*****ian is counted among the Eastern *****ce languages. It is the native language of about 30 million people. These people live primarily in *****ia and Moldova. *****ian is also the official language of the Republic of Moldova. There are also sizeable *****ian-speaking communities in Serbia and Ukraine, however. *****ian originated from Latin. The *****s formerly maintained two provinces in the region surrounding the Danube. *****ian is most closely related to Italian.

Therefore, *****ians can understand Italians very well for the most part. The opposite is not always the case. This is due to the fact that *****ian contains many Slavic words. The phonology was influenced by the neighboring Slavic linguistic area. As a result, the *****ian alphabet has a few special symbols. *****ian is written like it is spoken. And it still exhibits many similarities with the structure of ancient Latin … That is precisely what makes the discovery of this language so exciting!


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