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96 [ninety-six]

Conjunctions 3

 


96 [իննսունվեց]

բարդ ստորադասական 3

 

 
I get up as soon as the alarm rings.
Ես վեր եմ կենում, երբ զարդուցիչը զնգում է:
Yes ver yem kenum, yerb zarduts’ich’y zngum e
I become tired as soon as I have to study.
Ես հոգնում եմ, երբ պետք է սովորեմ:
Yes hognum yem, yerb petk’ e sovorem
I will stop working as soon as I am 60.
Ես կդադարեմ աշխատել, երբ ես վաթսուն տարեկան դառնամ:
Yes kdadarem ashkhatel, yerb yes vat’sun tarekan darrnam
 
 
 
 
When will you call?
Ե՞րբ Դուք կզանգահարեք:
Ye՞rb Duk’ kzangaharek’
As soon as I have a moment.
Երբ ես ժամանակ ունենամ:
Yerb yes zhamanak unenam
He’ll call, as soon as he has a little time.
Նա կզանգահարի, երբ նա ժամանակ ունենա:
Na kzangahari, yerb na zhamanak unena
 
 
 
 
How long will you work?
Ինչքա՞ն եք աշխատելու:
Inch’k’a՞n yek’ ashkhatelu
I’ll work as long as I can.
Ես կաշխատեմ, ինչքան որ կարողանամ:
Yes kashkhatem, inch’k’an vor karoghanam
I’ll work as long as I am healthy.
Ես կաշխատեմ, ինչքան որ առողջ լինեմ:
Yes kashkhatem, inch’k’an vor arroghj linem
 
 
 
 
He lies in bed instead of working.
Նա անկողնում պառկած է աշխատելու փոխարեն:
Na ankoghnum parrkats e ashkhatelu p’vokharen
She reads the newspaper instead of cooking.
Նա թերթ է կարդում եփելու փոխարեն:
Na t’yert’ e kardum yep’yelu p’vokharen
He is at the bar instead of going home.
Նա պանդոկում նստած է տուն գնալու փոխարեն:
Na pandokum nstats e tun gnalu p’vokharen
 
 
 
 
As far as I know, he lives here.
Ինչքան գիտեմ նա այստեղ է ապրում:
Inch’k’an gitem na aystegh e aprum
As far as I know, his wife is ill.
Ինչքան գիտեմ նրա կինը հիվանդ է:
Inch’k’an gitem nra kiny hivand e
As far as I know, he is unemployed.
Ինչքան գիտեմ նա գործազուրկ է:
Inch’k’an gitem na gortsazurk e
 
 
 
 
I overslept; otherwise I’d have been on time.
Ես քնած էի մնացել, թե չէ ճշտապահ կլինեի:
Yes k’nats ei mnats’yel, t’ye ch’e chshtapah klinei
I missed the bus; otherwise I’d have been on time.
Ես ավտոբուսից ուշացա, թե չէ ճշտապահ կլինեի:
Yes avtobusits’ ushats’a, t’ye ch’e chshtapah klinei
I didn’t find the way / I got lost; otherwise I’d have been on time.
Ես ճանապարհը չեմ գտել, թե չէ ճշտապահ կլինեի:
Yes chanaparhy ch’yem gtel, t’ye ch’e chshtapah klinei
 
 
 
 


Language and math

Thinking and speech go together. They influence one another. Linguistic structures influence the structures of our thinking. In some languages, for example, there are no words for numbers. The speakers do not understand the concept of numbers. So math and language also go together in some way. Grammatical and mathematical structures are often similar. Some researchers believe that they are also processed similarly. They believe that the speech centre is also responsible for math. It can help the brain to perform calculations. Recent studies are coming to another conclusion, however. They show that our brain processes math without speech. Researchers studied three men. The brains of these test subjects were injured. As a result, the speech centre was also damaged. The men had big problems with speaking. They could no longer formulate simple sentences. They couldn't understand words either. After the speech test the men had to solve math problems. A few of these mathematical puzzles were very complex. Even so, the test subjects could solve them! The results of this study are very interesting. They show that math is not encoded with words. It's possible that language and math have the same basis. Both are processed from the same centre. But math doesn't have to be translated into speech first. Perhaps language and math develop together too... Then when the brain has finished developing, they exist separately!

Guess the language!

Slovakian is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 5 million people. It is very closely related to the neighboring Czech. This is due to their mutual past in former Czechoslovakia. The vocabulary of the two languages is largely identical. The differences are primarily in the phonology. Slovakian emerged in the 10th century in the form of multiple dialects. It was then influenced by neighboring languages over a long period of time.

Today's standard language was not established until the 19th century. Some elements could thus be simplified compared to those in Czech. The many different dialects have been upheld until today though. Slovakian is written with the Latin alphabet. And it is the language that is easiest to understand for other Slavic speakers. It could be said that Slovakian is a type of intermediate language in the Slavic region. This is a good reason to grapple with this beautiful language.

 


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book2 English UK - Armenian for beginners