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95 [ninety-five]

Conjunctions 2

 


95 [իննսունհինգ]

բարդ ստորադասական 2

 

 
Since when is she no longer working?
Ինչքա՞ն ժամանակ է, որ նա չի աշխատում:
Inch’k’a՞n zhamanak e, vor na ch’i ashkhatum
Since her marriage?
Ամուսնությունից սկսա՞ծ:
Amusnut’yunits’ sksa՞ts
Yes, she is no longer working since she got married.
Այո, նա ամուսնությունից հետո այւևս չի աշխատում:
Ayo, na amusnut’yunits’ heto aywyevs ch’i ashkhatum
 
 
 
 
Since she got married, she’s no longer working.
Ամուսնանալուց սկսած նա այլևս չի աշխատում:
Amusnanaluts’ sksats na aylevs ch’i ashkhatum
Since they have met each other, they are happy.
Ծանոթանալուց սկսած նրանք երջանիկ են:
Tsanot’analuts’ sksats nrank’ yerjanik yen
Since they have had children, they rarely go out.
Երեխաներ ունենալուց սկսաց նրանք հազվադեպ են երեկոյան դուրս գնում:
Yerekhaner unenaluts’ sksats’ nrank’ hazvadep yen yerekoyan durs gnum
 
 
 
 
When does she call?
Ե՞րբ է նա հեռախոսով խոսում:
Ye՞rb e na herrakhosov khosum
When driving?
Վարելու ընթացքու՞մ:
Varelu ynt’ats’k’u՞m
Yes, when she is driving.
Այո, վարելու ընթացքում:
Ayo, varelu ynt’ats’k’um
 
 
 
 
She calls while she drives.
նա հեռախոսով խոսում է վարելու ընթացքում:
na herrakhosov khosum e varelu ynt’ats’k’um
She watches TV while she irons.
Նա հեռուստացույց է նայում հարդուկելու ընթացքում:
Na herrustats’uyts’ e nayum hardukelu ynt’ats’k’um
She listens to music while she does her work.
Նա երաժշտություն է լսում հանձնարարությունները կատարելու ընթացքում:
Na yerazhshtut’yun e lsum handznararut’yunnery katarelu ynt’ats’k’um
 
 
 
 
I can’t see anything when I don’t have glasses.
Ես ոչինչ չեմ տեսնում, եթե ես ակնոց չունեմ:
Yes voch’inch’ ch’yem tesnum, yet’ye yes aknots’ ch’unem
I can’t understand anything when the music is so loud.
Ես ոչինչ չեմ հասկանում, եթե երաժշտությունը բարձր է:
Yes voch’inch’ ch’yem haskanum, yet’ye yerazhshtut’yuny bardzr e
I can’t smell anything when I have a cold.
Ես ոչ մի հոտ չեմ զգում, եթե հարբուխով հիվանդ եմ:
Yes voch’ mi hot ch’yem zgum, yet’ye harbukhov hivand yem
 
 
 
 
We’ll take a taxi if it rains.
Մենք տաքսի ենք վերցնում, եթե անձրև է գալիս:
Menk’ tak’si yenk’ verts’num, yet’ye andzrev e galis
We’ll travel around the world if we win the lottery.
Մենք աշխարհով կշրջագայենք, եթե լոտոյով գումար շահենք:
Menk’ ashkharhov kshrjagayenk’, yet’ye lotoyov gumar shahenk’
We’ll start eating if he doesn’t come soon.
Մենք կսկսենք ճաշը, եթե նա շուտով չգա:
Menk’ ksksenk’ chashy, yet’ye na shutov ch’ga
 
 
 
 


The languages of the European Union

Today the European Union consists of more than 25 countries. In the future, even more countries will belong to the EU. A new country usually means a new language as well. Currently, more than 20 different languages are spoken in the EU. All languages in the European Union are equal. This variety of languages is fascinating. But it can lead to problems as well. Skeptics believe that the many languages are an obstacle for the EU. They hinder efficient collaboration. Many think, therefore, that there should be a common language. All countries should be able to communicate with this language. But it's not that easy. No language can be named the one official language. The other countries would feel disadvantaged. And there isn't a truly neutral language in Europe… An artificial language such as Esperanto wouldn't work either. Because the culture of a country is always reflected in the language. Therefore, no country wants to relinquish its language. The countries see a part of their identity in their language. Language policy is an important item on the EU's agenda. There is even a commissioner for multilingualism. The EU has the most translators and interpreters worldwide. Around 3,500 people work to make an agreement possible. Nevertheless, not all documents can always be translated. That would take too much time and cost too much money. Most documents are only translated into a few languages. The many languages are one of the biggest challenges of the EU. Europe should unite, without losing its many identities!

Guess the language!

______an is the native language of about 12 million people. The majority of those people live in ______a and other countries in southeastern Europe. ______an is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is closely related to Croatian and Bosnian. The grammar and vocabulary are very similar. Such being the case, it is easy for ______ans, Croatians, and Bosnians to understand each other. The ______an alphabet contains 30 letters. Each one has a distinct pronunciation.

Parallels to ancient tonal languages can be found in the intonation. In Chinese, for example, the pitch of the syllables changes with the meaning. That is similar to ______an. However, in this case only the pitch of the accented syllable plays a role. The strongly inflectional language structure is another hallmark of ______an. That means that nouns, verbs, adjectives and pronouns are always inflected. If you are interested in grammatical structures, you should definitely learn ______an!

 


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