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41 [forty-one]

Where is ... ?


41 [ਇਕਤਾਲੀ]

ਦਿਸ਼ਾ – ਗਿਆਨ


Where is the tourist information office?
ਸੈਰ – ਸਪਾਟਾ ਦਫਤਰ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ?
saira – sapāṭā daphatara kithē hai?
Do you have a city map for me?
ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਕੋਲ ਮੇਰੇ ਲਈ ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਦਾ ਨਕਸ਼ਾ ਹੈ?
Kī tuhāḍē kōla mērē la'ī śahira dā nakaśā hai?
Can one reserve a room here?
ਕੀ ਇੱਥੇ ਹੋਟਲ ਦੇ ਕਮਰੇ ਦਾ ਬੰਦੋਬਸਤ ਹੋ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੈ?
Kī ithē hōṭala dē kamarē dā badōbasata hō sakadā hai?
Where is the old city?
ਪੁਰਾਣਾ ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ?
Purāṇā śahira kithē hai?
Where is the cathedral?
ਚਰਚ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ?
Caraca kithē hai?
Where is the museum?
ਅਜਾਇਬ – ਘਰ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ?
Ajā'iba – ghara kithē hai?
Where can one buy stamps?
ਡਾਕ – ਟਿਕਟ ਕਿੱਥੋਂ ਖਰੀਦੀ ਜਾ ਸਕਦੀ ਹੈ?
Ḍāka – ṭikaṭa kithōṁ kharīdī jā sakadī hai?
Where can one buy flowers?
ਫੁੱਲ ਕਿੱਥੋਂ ਖਰੀਦੇ ਜਾ ਸਕਦੇ ਹਨ?
Phula kithōṁ kharīdē jā sakadē hana?
Where can one buy tickets?
ਟਿਕਟ ਕਿੱਥੋਂ ਖਰੀਦੀ ਜਾ ਸਕਦੀ ਹੈ?
Ṭikaṭa kithōṁ kharīdī jā sakadī hai?
Where is the harbour / harbor (am.)?
ਬੰਦਰਗਾਹ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ?
Badaragāha kithē hai?
Where is the market?
ਬਜ਼ਾਰ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ?
Bazāra kithē hai?
Where is the castle?
ਮਹਿਲ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ?
Mahila kithē hai?
When does the tour begin?
ਟੂਰ ਕਦੋਂ ਸ਼ੁਰੂ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ?
Ṭūra kadōṁ śurū hudā hai?
When does the tour end?
ਟੂਰ ਕਦੋਂ ਖਤਮ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ?
Ṭūra kadōṁ khatama hudā hai?
How long is the tour?
ਟੂਰ ਕਿੰਨੇ ਸਮੇਂ ਦਾ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ?
Ṭūra kinē samēṁ dā hudā hai?
I would like a guide who speaks German.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਇੱਕ ਗਾਈਡ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ ਜੋ ਜਰਮਨ ਬੋਲ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੋਵੇ।
Mainū ika gā'īḍa cāhīdā hai jō jaramana bōla sakadā hōvē.
I would like a guide who speaks Italian.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਇੱਕ ਗਾਈਡ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ ਜੋ ਇਟਾਲੀਅਨ ਬੋਲ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੋਵੇ।
Mainū ika gā'īḍa cāhīdā hai jō iṭālī'ana bōla sakadā hōvē.
I would like a guide who speaks French.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਇੱਕ ਗਾਈਡ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ ਜੋ ਫਰਾਂਸੀਸੀ ਬੋਲ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੋਵੇ।
Mainū ika gā'īḍa cāhīdā hai jō pharānsīsī bōla sakadā hōvē.

Universal language English

English is the most widespread language in the world. But Mandarin, or High Chinese, has the most native speakers. English is the native language of ‘only’ 350 million people. However, English has a great deal of influence on other languages. Since the middle of the 20th century it has taken on greater significance. This is largely due to the development of the USA into a superpower. English is the first foreign language taught in schools in many countries. International organizations use English as their official language. English is also the official language or common language of many countries. It is possible, however, that soon other languages will take over these functions. English belongs to the West Germanic languages. Therefore it is closely related to German, for example. But the language has changed significantly in the last 1,000 years. Earlier, English was an inflecting language. Most endings with a grammatical function have disappeared. Therefore, English can be counted among the isolating languages. This type of language is more similar to Chinese than to German. In the future, the English language will be further simplified. The irregular verbs will most likely disappear. English is simple compared to other Indo-European languages. But English orthography is very difficult. This is because spelling and pronunciation differ strongly from one another. English orthography has been the same for centuries. But pronunciation has changed considerably. As a result, one still writes the way one spoke in 1400. There are also many irregularities in pronunciation. There are 6 variants for the letter combination ough alone! Test yourself! – thorough, thought, through, rough, bough, cough.

Guess the language!

Slovakian is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 5 million people. It is very closely related to the neighboring Czech. This is due to their mutual past in former Czechoslovakia. The vocabulary of the two languages is largely identical. The differences are primarily in the phonology. Slovakian emerged in the 10th century in the form of multiple dialects. It was then influenced by neighboring languages over a long period of time.

Today's standard language was not established until the 19th century. Some elements could thus be simplified compared to those in Czech. The many different dialects have been upheld until today though. Slovakian is written with the Latin alphabet. And it is the language that is easiest to understand for other Slavic speakers. It could be said that Slovakian is a type of intermediate language in the Slavic region. This is a good reason to grapple with this beautiful language.


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book2 English UK - Punjabi for beginners