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39 [thirty-nine]

Car breakdown


39 [ਉਨਤਾਲੀ]

ਗੱਡੀ ਖਰਾਬ ਹੋ ਗਈ ਹੈ।


Where is the next gas station?
ਇੱਥੇ ਸਭ ਤੋਂ ਨਜ਼ਦੀਕ ਪੈਟਰੋਲ ਪੰਪ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ?
Ithē sabha tōṁ nazadīka paiṭarōla papa kithē hai?
I have a flat tyre / tire (am.).
ਮੇਰਾ ਟਾਇਰ ਫਟ ਗਿਆ ਹੈ।
Mērā ṭā'ira phaṭa gi'ā hai.
Can you change the tyre / tire (am.)?
ਕੀ ਤੁਸੀਂ ਪਹੀਆ ਬਦਲ ਸਕਦੇ ਹੋ।
Kī tusīṁ pahī'ā badala sakadē hō.
I need a few litres / liters (am.) of diesel.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਇੱਕ – ਦੋ ਲਿਟਰ ਡੀਜ਼ਲ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ।
Mainū ika – dō liṭara ḍīzala cāhīdā hai.
I have no more petrol / gas (am.).
ਪੈਟਰੋਲ ਖਤਮ ਹੋ ਗਿਆ ਹੈ।
Paiṭarōla khatama hō gi'ā hai.
Do you have a petrol can / jerry can / gas can (am.)?
ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਕੋਲ ਪੈਟਰੋਲ ਦਾ ਡੱਬਾ ਹੈ?
Kī tuhāḍē kōla paiṭarōla dā ḍabā hai?
Where can I make a call?
ਮੈਂ ਕਿੱਥੋਂ ਫੋਨ ਕਰ ਸਕਦਾ / ਸਕਦੀ ਹਾਂ?
Maiṁ kithōṁ phōna kara sakadā/ sakadī hāṁ?
I need a towing service.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਟੋਇੰਗ ਸੇਵਾ ਦੀ ਲੋੜ ਹੈ।
Mainū ṭō'iga sēvā dī lōṛa hai.
I’m looking for a garage.
ਮੈਂ ਗੈਰਜ ਲੱਭ ਰਿਹਾ / ਰਹੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ gairaja labha rihā/ rahī hāṁ.
An accident has occurred.
ਇੱਕ ਦੁਰਘਟਨਾ ਹੋਈ ਹੈ।
Ika duraghaṭanā hō'ī hai.
Where is the nearest telephone?
ਇੱਥੇ ਸਭ ਤੋਂ ਨਜ਼ਦੀਕ ਟੈਲੀਫੋਨ ਬੂਥ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ?
Ithē sabha tōṁ nazadīka ṭailīphōna būtha kithē hai?
Do you have a mobile / cell phone (am.) with you?
ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਕੋਲ ਮੋਬਾਈਲ ਫੋਨ ਹੈ?
Kī tuhāḍē kōla mōbā'īla phōna hai?
We need help.
ਸਾਨੂੰ ਮਦਦ ਦੀ ਲੋੜ ਹੈ।
Sānū madada dī lōṛa hai.
Call a doctor!
ਡਾਕਟਰ ਨੂੰ ਬੁਲਾਓ।
Ḍākaṭara nū bulā'ō.
Call the police!
ਪੁਲਿਸ ਨੂੰ ਬੁਲਾਓ।
Pulisa nū bulā'ō.
Your papers, please.
ਕਿਰਪਾ ਕਰਕੇ ਆਪਣੇ ਕਾਗਜ਼ ਦਿਖਾਓ।
Kirapā karakē āpaṇē kāgaza dikhā'ō.
Your licence / license (am.), please.
ਕਿਰਪਾ ਕਰਕੇ ਆਪਣਾ ਲਾਈਸੈਂਸ ਦਿਖਾਓ।
Kirapā karakē āpaṇā lā'īsainsa dikhā'ō.
Your registration, please.
ਕਿਰਪਾ ਕਰਕੇ ਆਪਣੀ ਗੱਡੀ ਦੇ ਕਾਗਜ਼ ਵਿਖਾਓ।
Kirapā karakē āpaṇī gaḍī dē kāgaza vikhā'ō.

Talented linguist baby

Before they can even speak, babies know a lot about languages. Various experiments have shown this. Child development is researched in special baby labs. How children learn languages is also researched. Babies are obviously more intelligent than we thought up to now. Even with 6 months they have many linguistic abilities. They can recognize their native language, for example. French and German babies react differently to certain tones. Different stress patterns result in different behavior. So babies have a feeling for the tone of their language. Very small children can also memorize several words. Parents are very important for the language development of babies. Because babies need interaction directly after birth. They want to communicate with Mum and Dad. The interaction must be accompanied by positive emotions, however. Parents mustn't be stressed when they speak with their babies. It is also wrong to only seldom speak with them. Stress or silence can have negative effects for babies. Their language development can be adversely influenced. Learning for babies already begins in the womb! They react to speech before birth. They can perceive acoustic signals accurately. After birth they can then recognize these signals. Unborn children can also even learn the rhythms of languages. Babies can already hear their mother's voice in the womb. So you can even speak with unborn children. But you mustn't overdo it… The child will still have plenty of time to practice after birth!

Guess the language!

Swedish is counted among the North Germanic languages. It is the native language of more than 8 million people. It is spoken in Sweden and parts of Finland. Swedes can communicate with Norwegians relatively easily. There is even a hybrid language that combines elements from both languages. A conversation with Danes is also possible if all parties speak clearly. The Swedish alphabet contains 29 letters. A hallmark of Swedish is the distinct vowel system.

Vowel length determines the meaning of a word. Pitch also plays a role in Swedish. Swedish words and sentences are generally on the shorter side. The syntax follows strict rules. The grammar is also not too complicated. Overall the structures are similar to those of the English language. Learn Swedish - it is not at all difficult!


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