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35 [thirty-five]

At the airport


35 [ਪੈਂਤੀ]

ਹਵਾਈ ਅੱਡੇ ਤੇ


I’d like to book a flight to Athens.
ਮੈਂ ਏਥਨਜ਼ ਦੀ ਉਡਾਨ ਦਾ ਟਿਕਟ ਲੈਣਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ / ਚਾਹੁੰਦੀ ਹਾਂ।
maiṁ ēthanaza dī uḍāna dā ṭikaṭa laiṇā cāhudā/ cāhudī hāṁ.
Is it a direct flight?
ਕੀ ਉਡਾਨ ਸਿੱਧੀ ਏਥਨਜ਼ ਜਾਂਦੀ ਹੈ?
Kī uḍāna sidhī ēthanaza jāndī hai?
A window seat, non-smoking, please.
ਕਿਰਪਾ ਕਰਕੇ ਇੱਕ ਖਿੜਕੀ ਵਾਲੀ ਸੀਟ – ਸਿਗਰਟਨੋਸ਼ੀ – ਰਹਿਤ।
Kirapā karakē ika khiṛakī vālī sīṭa – sigaraṭanōśī – rahita.
I would like to confirm my reservation.
ਮੈਂ ਆਪਣਾ ਰਾਂਖਵਾਂਕਰਨ ਸੁਨਿਸ਼ਚਿਤ ਕਰਨਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ / ਚਾਹੁੰਦੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ āpaṇā rāṅkhavāṅkarana suniśacita karanā cāhudā/ cāhudī hāṁ.
I would like to cancel my reservation.
ਮੈਂ ਆਪਣਾ ਰਾਂਖਵਾਂਕਰਨ ਰੱਦ ਕਰਨਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ / ਚਾਹੁੰਦੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ āpaṇā rāṅkhavāṅkarana rada karanā cāhudā/ cāhudī hāṁ.
I would like to change my reservation.
ਮੈਂ ਆਪਣਾ ਰਾਂਖਵਾਂਕਰਨ ਬਦਲਣਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ / ਚਾਹੁੰਦੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ āpaṇā rāṅkhavāṅkarana badalaṇā cāhudā/ cāhudī hāṁ.
When is the next flight to Rome?
ਰੋਮ ਦੇ ਲਈ ਅਗਲਾ ਜਹਾਜ਼ ਕਦੋਂ ਹੈ?
Rōma dē la'ī agalā jahāza kadōṁ hai?
Are there two seats available?
ਕੀ ਦੋ ਸੀਟਾਂ ਅਜੇ ਵੀ ਖਾਲੀ ਹਨ?
Kī dō sīṭāṁ ajē vī khālī hana?
No, we have only one seat available.
ਜੀ ਨਹੀਂ, ਸਾਡੇ ਕੋਲ ਕੇਵਲ ਇੱਕ ਸੀਟ ਖਾਲੀ ਹੈ।
Jī nahīṁ, sāḍē kōla kēvala ika sīṭa khālī hai.
When do we land?
ਅਸੀਂ ਕਦੋਂ ਉਤਰਾਂਗੇ?
Asīṁ kadōṁ utarāṅgē?
When will we be there?
ਅਸੀਂ ਓਥੇ ਕਦੋਂ ਪਹੁੰਚਾਂਗੇ?
Asīṁ ōthē kadōṁ pahucāṅgē?
When does a bus go to the city centre / center (am.)?
ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਦੇ ਲਈ ਬੱਸ ਕਦੋਂ ਹੈ?
Śahira dē la'ī basa kadōṁ hai?
Is that your suitcase?
ਕੀ ਇਹ ਸੂਟਕੇਸ ਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਹੈ?
Kī iha sūṭakēsa tuhāḍā hai?
Is that your bag?
ਕੀ ਇਹ ਬੈਗ ਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਹੈ?
Kī iha baiga tuhāḍā hai?
Is that your luggage?
ਕੀ ਇਹ ਸਮਾਨ ਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਹੈ?
Kī iha samāna tuhāḍā hai?
How much luggage can I take?
ਮੈਂ ਆਪਣੇ ਨਾਲ ਕਿੰਨਾ ਸਮਾਨ ਲੈ ਜਾ ਸਕਦਾ / ਸਕਦੀ ਹਾਂ?
Maiṁ āpaṇē nāla kinā samāna lai jā sakadā/ sakadī hāṁ?
Twenty kilos.
ਵੀਹ ਕਿਲੋ
Vīha kilō
What? Only twenty kilos?
ਕੀ ਸਿਰਫ ਵੀਹ ਕਿਲੋ?
kī sirapha vīha kilō?

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Learning changes the brain

Those who work out often sculpt their bodies. But it is apparently possible to exercise one's brain too. That means more than talent is needed to learn a language. It is just as important to practice regularly. Because practice can positively influence structures in the brain. Of course, a special talent for languages is usually hereditary. Nevertheless, intensive exercise can change certain brain structures. The volume of the speech centre increases. The nerve cells of people who practice a lot are also altered. It was long believed that the brain was unalterable. The belief was: What we don't learn as children, we'll never learn. Brain researchers, however, have come to a completely different conclusion. They were able to show that our brain remains agile for a lifetime. You could say that it functions like a muscle. Therefore it can continue growing into old age. Every input is processed in the brain. But when the brain is exercised it processes inputs much better. That is to say, it works faster and more efficiently. This principle holds true for both young and old people equally. But it is not imperative that a person study in order to exercise his brain. Reading is also very good practice. Challenging literature especially promotes our speech centre. This means that our vocabulary gets larger. Moreover, our feeling for language is improved. What is interesting is that not only the speech centre processes language. The area that controls motor skills also processes new content. Therefore it is important to stimulate the whole brain as often as possible. So: Exercise your body AND your brain!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Romance languages. It is closely related to Spanish and Catalan. It evolved from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman soldiers. European ______ is the native language of approximately 10 million people. It is also an important world language. This is due to ******al's colonial power in the past. The maritime nation took its language to other continents in the 15th and 16th century. ______ is still spoken today in parts of Africa and Asia.

Countries in these continents tend to use European ______. It is different in Brazil. The language spoken there exhibits a few peculiarities and is considered its own form. However, usually ______ and Brazilians understand each other well. Altogether 240 million people worldwide speak ______. Aside from that, there are around 20 Creole languages that are based on ______. ______ is counted among the world languages today.

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