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32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4


32 [ਬੱਤੀ]

ਰੈਸਟੋਰੈਂਟ ਵਿੱਚ 4


I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup.
ਕੈਚਪ ਨਾਲ ਇੱਕ ਫ੍ਰੈਂਚ ਫ੍ਰਾਈਜ਼
kaicapa nāla ika phrain̄ca phrā'īza
And two with mayonnaise.
ਅਤੇ ਦੋ ਮੈਅਨੋਜ਼ ਦੇ ਨਾਲ
atē dō mai'anōza dē nāla
And three sausages with mustard.
ਅਤੇ ਤਿੰਨ ਗ੍ਰਿੱਲ ਕੀਤੇ ਸਾਸੇਜ ਸਰੋਂ ਦੇ ਨਾਲ।
atē tina grila kītē sāsēja sarōṁ dē nāla.
What vegetables do you have?
ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਕੋਲ ਕਿਸ ਤਰ੍ਹਾਂ ਦੀਆਂ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਹਨ?
Tuhāḍē kōla kisa tar'hāṁ dī'āṁ sabazī'āṁ hana?
Do you have beans?
ਕੀ ਫਲੀਆਂ ਮਿਲ ਸਕਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ?
Kī phalī'āṁ mila sakadī'āṁ hana?
Do you have cauliflower?
ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਕੋਲ ਫੁੱਲਗੋਭੀ ਹੈ?
Kī tuhāḍē kōla phulagōbhī hai?
I like to eat (sweet) corn.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਮੱਕੀ ਖਾਣਾ ਚੰਗਾ ਲੱਗਦਾ ਹੈ।
Mainū makī khāṇā cagā lagadā hai.
I like to eat cucumber.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਖੀਰਾ ਚੰਗਾ ਲੱਗਦਾ ਹੈ।
Mainū khīrā cagā lagadā hai.
I like to eat tomatoes.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਟਮਾਟਰ ਚੰਗਾ ਲੱਗਦਾ ਹੈ।
Mainū ṭamāṭara cagā lagadā hai.
Do you also like to eat leek?
ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਭੂਕਾਂ ਚੰਗੀਆਂ ਲੱਗਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ?
Kī tuhānū bhūkāṁ cagī'āṁ lagadī'āṁ hana?
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut?
ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਅਚਾਰੀ ਬੰਦਗੋਭੀ ਚੰਗੀ ਲੱਗਦੀ ਹੈ?
Kī tuhānū acārī badagōbhī cagī lagadī hai?
Do you also like to eat lentils?
ਕੀ ਤੁਸੀਂ ਦਾਲ ਖਾਣਾ ਪਸੰਦ ਕਰਦੇ ਹੋ?
Kī tusīṁ dāla khāṇā pasada karadē hō?
Do you also like to eat carrots?
ਕੀ ਤੈਨੂੰ ਗਾਜਰਾਂ ਵੀ ਚੰਗੀਆਂ ਲੱਗਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ?
Kī tainū gājarāṁ vī cagī'āṁ lagadī'āṁ hana?
Do you also like to eat broccoli?
ਕੀ ਤੈਨੂੰ ਬ੍ਰੋਕਲੀ ਵੀ ਚੰਗੀ ਲੱਗਦੀ ਹੈ?
Kī tainū brōkalī vī cagī lagadī hai?
Do you also like to eat peppers?
ਕੀ ਤੈਨੂੰ ਸ਼ਿਮਲਾ – ਮਿਰਚਾਂ ਵੀ ਚੰਗੀਆਂ ਲੱਗਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ?
Kī tainū śimalā – miracāṁ vī cagī'āṁ lagadī'āṁ hana?
I don’t like onions.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਪਿਆਜ਼ ਚੰਗਾ ਨਹੀਂ ਲੱਗਦਾ।
Mainū pi'āza cagā nahīṁ lagadā.
I don’t like olives.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਜੈਤੂਨ ਚੰਗੇ ਨਹੀਂ ਲੱਗਦੇ।
Mainū jaitūna cagē nahīṁ lagadē.
I don’t like mushrooms.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਖੁੰਬਾਂ ਚੰਗੀਆਂ ਨਹੀਂ ਲੱਗਦੀਆਂ।
Mainū khubāṁ cagī'āṁ nahīṁ lagadī'āṁ.

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant. Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of ******. ______ is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. ______ is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition.

Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. ______ is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In ______, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes ______ that much more appealing!


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