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30 [thirty]

At the restaurant 2


30 [ਤੀਹ]

ਰੈਸਟੋਰੈਂਟ ਵਿੱਚ 2


An apple juice, please.
ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾ ਕਰਕੇ ਇੱਕ ਸੇਬ ਦਾ ਰਸ ਲਿਆਓ।
kripā karakē ika sēba dā rasa li'ā'ō.
A lemonade, please.
ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾ ਕਰਕੇ ਇੱਕ ਸ਼ਿਕੰਜਵੀ ਲਿਆਓ।
Kripā karakē ika śikajavī li'ā'ō.
A tomato juice, please.
ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾ ਕਰਕੇ ਇੱਕ ਟਮਾਟਰ ਦਾ ਰਸ ਲਿਆਓ।
Kripā karakē ika ṭamāṭara dā rasa li'ā'ō.
I’d like a glass of red wine.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਇੱਕ ਪਿਆਲਾ ਲਾਲ ਸ਼ਰਾਬ ਚਾਹੀਦੀ ਹੈ।
Mainū ika pi'ālā lāla śarāba cāhīdī hai.
I’d like a glass of white wine.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਇੱਕ ਪਿਆਲਾ ਚਿੱਟੀ ਸ਼ਰਾਬ ਚਾਹੀਦੀ ਹੈ।
Mainū ika pi'ālā ciṭī śarāba cāhīdī hai.
I’d like a bottle of champagne.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਇੱਕ ਬੋਤਲ ਸ਼ੈਂਪੇਨ ਚਾਹੀਦੀ ਹੈ।
Mainū ika bōtala śaimpēna cāhīdī hai.
Do you like fish?
ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਮੱਛੀ ਚੰਗੀ ਲੱਗਦੀ ਹੈ?
Kī tuhānū machī cagī lagadī hai?
Do you like beef?
ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਗੋ – ਮਾਸ ਚੰਗਾ ਲੱਗਦਾ ਹੈ?
Kī tuhānū gō – māsa cagā lagadā hai?
Do you like pork?
ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਸੂਰ ਦਾ ਮਾਸ ਚੰਗਾ ਲੱਗਦਾ ਹੈ?
Kī tuhānū sūra dā māsa cagā lagadā hai?
I’d like something without meat.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਮਾਸ ਤੋਂ ਬਿਨਾਂ ਕੁਛ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ।
Mainū māsa tōṁ bināṁ kucha cāhīdā hai.
I’d like some mixed vegetables.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਇੱਕ ਥਾਲੀ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਚਾਹੀਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ।
Mainū ika thālī sabazī'āṁ cāhīdī'āṁ hana.
I’d like something that won’t take much time.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਕੁਛ ਅਜਿਹਾ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ ਜੋ ਜ਼ਿਆਦਾ ਦੇਰ ਨਾ ਲਵੇ।
Mainū kucha ajihā cāhīdā hai jō zi'ādā dēra nā lavē.
Would you like that with rice?
ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਇਸ ਨਾਲ ਚੌਲ ਚਾਹੀਦੇ ਹਨ?
Kī tuhānū isa nāla caula cāhīdē hana?
Would you like that with pasta?
ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਇਸ ਨਾਲ ਨੂਡਲਜ਼ ਚਾਹੀਦੇ ਹਨ?
Kī tuhānū isa nāla nūḍalaza cāhīdē hana?
Would you like that with potatoes?
ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਇਸ ਨਾਲ ਆਲੂ ਚਾਹੀਦੇ ਹਨ?
Kī tuhānū isa nāla ālū cāhīdē hana?
That doesn’t taste good.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਪਸੰਦ ਨਹੀਂ ਆਇਆ।
Mainū pasada nahīṁ ā'i'ā.
The food is cold.
ਖਾਣਾ ਠੰਡਾ ਹੈ।
Khāṇā ṭhaḍā hai.
I didn’t order this.
ਮੈਂ ਇਹ ਨਹੀਂ ਮੰਗਵਾਇਆ ਸੀ।
Maiṁ iha nahīṁ magavā'i'ā sī.

Language and advertising

Advertising represents a specific form of communication. It wants to establish contact between producers and consumers. Like every type of communication, it too has a long history. Politicians or taverns were advertised as far back as the ancient times. The language of advertising uses specific elements of rhetoric. Because it has a goal, and is therefore a planned communication. We as consumers should be made aware; our interests have to be roused. However, above all we need to want the product and buy it. The language of advertising is typically very simple as a result. Only a few words and simple slogans are used. In this way our memory should be able to retain the content well. Certain types of words like adjectives and superlatives are common. They describe the product as especially beneficial. As a result, advertising language is usually very positive. Interestingly, advertising language is always influenced by culture. That is to say, the advertising language tells us a lot about societies. Today, terms like ‘beauty’ and ‘youth’ dominate in many countries. The words ‘future’ and ‘safety’ also appear often. Especially in western societies, English is popular. English is considered modern and international. For this reason it works well with technical products. Elements from Romance languages stand for indulgence and passion. It is popularly used for food or cosmetics. Those who use dialect want to emphasize values like homeland and tradition. Names of products are often neologisms, or newly created words. They typically have no meaning, just a pleasant sound. But some product names can really make a career! The name of a vacuum has even become a verb – to hoover!

Guess the language!

Dutch is a member of the West Germanic language family. That means that it is related to German and English. Dutch is the native language of about 25 million people. The majority of those people live in the Netherlands and Belgium. Dutch is also spoken in Indonesia and Suriname. This is due to the fact that the Netherlands used to be a colonial power. As a result, Dutch also formed the basis for several Creole languages. Even Afrikaans, spoken in South Africa, originated from Dutch.

It is the youngest member of the Germanic language family. Dutch is distinctive in that it contains many words from other languages. In the past, French had a very large influence on the language. German words are often adopted too. More and more English terms have been included over the past few centuries. As a result, some fear that Dutch will completely disappear in the future.


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book2 English UK - Punjabi for beginners