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18 [eighteen]

House cleaning


18 [ਅਠਾਰਾਂ]

ਘਰ ਦੀ ਸਫਾਈ


Today is Saturday.
ਅੱਜ ਸ਼ਨੀਵਾਰ ਹੈ।
aja śanīvāra hai.
We have time today.
ਅੱਜ ਸਾਡੇ ਕੋਲ ਸਮਾਂ ਹੈ।
Aja sāḍē kōla samāṁ hai.
We are cleaning the apartment today.
ਅੱਜ ਅਸੀਂ ਘਰ ਸਾਫ ਕਰ ਰਹੇ / ਰਹੀਆਂ ਹਾਂ।
Aja asīṁ ghara sāpha kara rahē/ rahī'āṁ hāṁ.
I am cleaning the bathroom.
ਮੈਂ ਇਸ਼ਨਾਨਘਰ ਸਾਫ ਕਰ ਰਹੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ iśanānaghara sāpha kara rahī hāṁ.
My husband is washing the car.
ਮੇਰਾ ਘਰਵਾਲਾ ਗੱਡੀ ਧੋ ਰਿਹਾ ਹੈ।
Mērā gharavālā gaḍī dhō rihā hai.
The children are cleaning the bicycles.
ਬੱਚੇ ਸਾਈਕਲਾਂ ਸਾਫ ਕਰ ਰਹੇ ਹਨ।
Bacē sā'īkalāṁ sāpha kara rahē hana.
Grandma is watering the flowers.
ਦਾਦੀ / ਨਾਨੀ ਪੌਦਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਪਾਣੀ ਦੇ ਰਹੀ ਹੈ।
Dādī/ nānī paudi'āṁ nū pāṇī dē rahī hai.
The children are cleaning up the children’s room.
ਬੱਚੇ ਬੱਚਿਆਂ ਦਾ ਕਮਰਾ ਸਾਫ ਕਰ ਰਹੇ ਹਨ।
Bacē baci'āṁ dā kamarā sāpha kara rahē hana.
My husband is tidying up his desk.
ਮੇਰਾ ਘਰਵਾਲਾ ਆਪਣਾ ਡੈੱਸਕ ਸਾਫ ਕਰ ਰਿਹਾ ਹੈ।
Mērā gharavālā āpaṇā ḍaisaka sāpha kara rihā hai.
I am putting the laundry in the washing machine.
ਮੈਂ ਵਾਸ਼ਿੰਗ ਮਸ਼ੀਨ ਵਿੱਚ ਕੱਪੜੇ ਰੱਖ ਰਹੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ vāśiga maśīna vica kapaṛē rakha rahī hāṁ.
I am hanging up the laundry.
ਮੈਂ ਕੱਪੜੇ ਟੰਗ ਰਹੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ kapaṛē ṭaga rahī hāṁ.
I am ironing the clothes.
ਮੈਂ ਕੱਪੜੇ ਪ੍ਰੈੱਸ ਕਰ ਰਹੀ ਹਾਂ।
Maiṁ kapaṛē praisa kara rahī hāṁ.
The windows are dirty.
ਖਿੜਕੀਆਂ ਗੰਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ।
Khiṛakī'āṁ gadī'āṁ hana.
The floor is dirty.
ਫਰਸ਼ ਗੰਦਾ ਹੈ।
Pharaśa gadā hai.
The dishes are dirty.
ਚੀਨੀ ਦੇ ਬਰਤਨ ਗੰਦੇ ਹਨ।
Cīnī dē baratana gadē hana.
Who washes the windows?
ਖਿੜਕੀਆਂ ਕੌਨ ਸਾਫ ਕਰ ਰਿਹਾ ਹੈ।
Khiṛakī'āṁ kauna sāpha kara rihā hai.
Who does the vacuuming?
ਵੈਕਿਊਮ ਕੌਨ ਕਰ ਰਿਹਾ ਹੈ।
Vaiki'ūma kauna kara rihā hai.
Who does the dishes?
ਚੀਨੀ ਦੇ ਬਰਤਨ ਕੌਨ ਧੋ ਰਿਹਾ ਹੈ।
Cīnī dē baratana kauna dhō rihā hai.

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Early Learning

Today, foreign languages are becoming more and more important. This also applies to professional life. As a result, the number of people learning foreign languages has increased. Many parents would also like their children to learn languages. It is best at a young age. There are already many international grade schools worldwide. Kindergartens with multilingual education are becoming more and more popular. Starting to learn so early has many advantages. This is due to the development of our brain. Our brain builds structures for languages up to the age of 4. These neuronal networks help us in learning. Later in life, new structures do not form as well. Older children and adults have more difficulty learning languages. Therefore, we should promote the early development of our brain. In brief: the younger, the better. There are also people, however, who criticize early learning. They fear that multilingualism overwhelms small children. Besides that, there is the fear that they won't learn any language properly. These doubts are unfounded from a scientific standpoint though. Most linguists and neuropsychologists are optimistic. Their studies of the topic show positive results. Children usually have fun in language courses. And: If children learn languages, they also think about languages. Therefore, by learning foreign languages they get to know their native language. They profit from this knowledge of languages their entire life. Maybe it's actually better to start with more difficult languages. Because the brain of a child learns quickly and intuitively. It doesn't care if it stores hello, ciao or néih hóu!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Aryan languages. It is spoken in most of the states of northern and central India. ______ is closely related to the Urdu language that is primarily spoken in Pakistan. For all intents and purposes, the two languages are almost identical. The crucial difference is in the writing system. ______ is written in Devanagari. On the other hand, Urdu uses the Arabic semiotic system. Distinctive for ______ are the many dialects.

These differ, sometimes strongly, from one another due to the country's size. ______ is the native language of 370 million people. An additional 150 million people are proficient in ______ as a second language. With that, ______ is among the most spoken languages of the world. It is in second place after Chinese. So it comes before Spanish and English! And India's influence in the world is growing rapidly!

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book2 English UK - Punjabi for beginners