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76 [seventy-six]

giving reasons 2


76 [εβδομήντα έξι]

Αιτιολογώ κάτι 2


Why didn’t you come?
Γιατί δεν ήρθες;
Giatí den írthes?
I was ill.
Ήμουν άρρωστος / άρρωστη.
Ímoun árrostos / árrosti.
I didn’t come because I was ill.
Δεν ήρθα επειδή ήμουν άρρωστος / άρρωστη.
Den írtha epeidí ímoun árrostos / árrosti.
Why didn’t she come?
Γιατί δεν ήρθε;
Giatí den írthe?
She was tired.
Ήταν κουρασμένη.
Ítan kourasméni.
She didn’t come because she was tired.
Δεν ήρθε επειδή ήταν κουρασμένη.
Den írthe epeidí ítan kourasméni.
Why didn’t he come?
Γιατί δεν ήρθε;
Giatí den írthe?
He wasn’t interested.
Δεν είχε κέφι / διάθεση.
Den eíche kéfi / diáthesi.
He didn’t come because he wasn’t interested.
Δεν ήρθε επειδή δεν είχε κέφι / διάθεση.
Den írthe epeidí den eíche kéfi / diáthesi.
Why didn’t you come?
Γιατί δεν ήρθατε;
Giatí den írthate?
Our car is damaged.
Χάλασε το αυτοκίνητό μας.
Chálase to aftokínitó mas.
We didn’t come because our car is damaged.
Δεν ήρθαμε επειδή χάλασε το αυτοκίνητό μας.
Den írthame epeidí chálase to aftokínitó mas.
Why didn’t the people come?
Γιατί δεν ήρθε ο κόσμος;
Giatí den írthe o kósmos?
They missed the train.
Έχασαν το τρένο.
Échasan to tréno.
They didn’t come because they missed the train.
Δεν ήρθαν επειδή έχασαν το τρένο.
Den írthan epeidí échasan to tréno.
Why didn’t you come?
Γιατί δεν ήρθες;
Giatí den írthes?
I was not allowed to.
Δεν επιτρεπόταν.
Den epitrepótan.
I didn’t come because I was not allowed to.
Δεν ήρθα επειδή δεν επιτρεπόταν.
Den írtha epeidí den epitrepótan.

The indigenous languages of America

Many different languages are spoken in America. English is the main language in North America. Spanish and Portuguese dominate in South America. All of these languages came to America from Europe. Before colonization, other languages were spoken there. These languages are known as the indigenous languages of America. Until today, they haven't been explored substantially. The variety of these languages is enormous. It is estimated that there are about 60 language families in North America. In South America there could even be as many as 150. Additionally, there are many isolated languages. All of these languages are very different. They exhibit only a few common structures. Therefore, it is difficult to classify the languages. The reason for their differences lies in the history of America. America was colonized in several stages. The first people came to America over more than 10,000 years ago. Each population brought its language to the continent. The indigenous languages are most similar to Asian languages. The situation regarding America's ancient languages isn't the same everywhere. Many Native American languages are still in use in South America. Languages like Guarani or Quechua have millions of active speakers. By contrast, many languages in North America are almost extinct. The culture of the Native Americans of North America was long oppressed. In the process, their languages were lost. But interest in them has increased in the last few decades. There are many programs that aim to nurture and protect the languages. So they could have a future after all…

Guess the language!

The ______ language is surely one of the most fascinating. Many people find the writing system especially interesting. It is comprised of Chinese symbols and two syllabaries. Another characteristic of ______ is that it has many dialects. These differ from one another significantly in some cases. Thus it is possible that two speakers from different regions do not understand each other. ______ has a melodic accent. If a word needs to be emphasized it is not spoken louder.

The pitches of the sounds are varied. Approximately 130 million people speak ______. Naturally, the majority of those live in *****. There are also large groups of ______ speakers in Brazil and North America. They are the descendants of ______ emigrants. There are relatively few true second language speakers. That is exactly what should motivate us to learn this exciting language!


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