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75 [seventy-five]

giving reasons 1


75 [εβδομήντα πέντε]

Αιτολογώ κάτι 1


Why aren’t you coming?
Γιατί δεν έρχεστε;
Giatí den ércheste?
The weather is so bad.
Ο καιρός είναι χάλια.
O kairós eínai chália.
I am not coming because the weather is so bad.
Δεν έρχομαι επειδή ο καιρός είναι χάλια.
Den érchomai epeidí o kairós eínai chália.
Why isn’t he coming?
Γιατί δεν έρχεται;
Giatí den érchetai?
He isn’t invited.
Δεν τον κάλεσαν.
Den ton kálesan.
He isn’t coming because he isn’t invited.
Δεν έρχεται επειδή δεν τον κάλεσαν.
Den érchetai epeidí den ton kálesan.
Why aren’t you coming?
Γιατί δεν έρχεσαι;
Giatí den érchesai?
I have no time.
Δεν έχω χρόνο.
Den écho chróno.
I am not coming because I have no time.
Δεν έρχομαι επειδή δεν έχω χρόνο.
Den érchomai epeidí den écho chróno.
Why don’t you stay?
Γιατί δεν μένεις;
Giatí den méneis?
I still have to work.
Έχω ακόμα δουλειά.
Écho akóma douleiá.
I am not staying because I still have to work.
Δεν μένω επειδή έχω ακόμα δουλειά.
Den méno epeidí écho akóma douleiá.
Why are you going already?
Γιατί φεύγετε κιόλας;
Giatí févgete kiólas?
I am tired.
Είμαι κουρασμένος / κουρασμένη.
Eímai kourasménos / kourasméni.
I’m going because I’m tired.
Φεύγω επειδή είμαι κουρασμένος / κουρασμένη.
Févgo epeidí eímai kourasménos / kourasméni.
Why are you going already?
Γιατί φεύγετε κιόλας;
Giatí févgete kiólas?
It is already late.
Είναι ήδη αργά.
Eínai ídi argá.
I’m going because it is already late.
Φεύγω επειδή είναι ήδη αργά.
Févgo epeidí eínai ídi argá.

Native language = emotional, foreign language = rational?

When we learn foreign languages, we are stimulating our brain. Our thinking changes through learning. We become more creative and flexible. Complex thinking comes easier to people who are multilingual as well. The memory is exercised by learning. The more we learn, the better it functions. He who has learned many languages also learns other things faster. He can think more intently about a subject for a longer time. As a result, he solves problems faster. Multilingual individuals are also more decisive. But how they make decisions is dependent on languages too. The language in which we think influences our decisions. Psychologists examined multiple test subjects for a study. All test subjects were bilingual. They spoke another language in addition to their native language. The test subjects had to answer a question. The question had to do with the solution to a problem. In the process, the test subjects had to choose between two options. One option was considerably more risky than the other. The test subjects had to answer the question in both languages. And the answers changed when the language changed! When they were speaking their native language, the test subjects chose the risk. But in the foreign language they decided on the safer option. After this experiment, the test subjects had to place bets. Here too there was a clear difference. When they used a foreign language, they were more sensible. The researchers presume that we are more focused in foreign languages. Therefore, we make decisions not emotionally, but rationally…

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Romance languages. That means that it developed out of Latin. ______ is the native language of about 70 million people. The majority of those live in ****y. ______ is also understood in Slovenia and Croatia. The language traveled as far away as Africa through colonial politics. Even today, ______ is understood in Libya, Somalia, and Eritrea by many older people. Numerous emigrants also took the language with them to their new homeland.

Most notably there are many ______-language communities in South America. Often ______ has mixed in with Spanish in those areas and created new languages. The unusual thing about ______ is its many different dialects. Some experts even speak of individual languages. The orthography of ______ is not difficult; it follows the pronunciation. For many, ______ is the most beautiful language in the world! Perhaps because it is the language of music, design and good cuisine?


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book2 English UK - Greek for beginners