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67 [sixty-seven]

Possessive pronouns 2


67 [εξήντα επτά]

Κτητικές αντωνυμίες 2


the glasses
τα γυαλιά
ta gyaliá
He has forgotten his glasses.
Ξέχασε τα γυαλιά του.
Xéchase ta gyaliá tou.
Where has he left his glasses?
Μα πού έχει τα γυαλιά του;
Ma poú échei ta gyaliá tou?
the clock
το ρολόι
to rolói
His clock isn’t working.
Το ρολόι του χάλασε.
To rolói tou chálase.
The clock hangs on the wall.
Το ρολόι κρέμεται στον τοίχο.
To rolói krémetai ston toícho.
the passport
το διαβατήριο
to diavatírio
He has lost his passport.
Έχασε το διαβατήριό του.
Échase to diavatírió tou.
Where is his passport then?
Μα πού έχει το διαβατήριό του;
Ma poú échei to diavatírió tou?
they – their
αυτά – δικά τους
aftá – diká tous
The children cannot find their parents.
Τα παιδιά δεν μπορούν να βρουν τους γονείς τους.
Ta paidiá den boroún na vroun tous goneís tous.
Here come their parents!
Αλλά να, έρχονται οι γονείς τους!
Allá na, érchontai oi goneís tous!
you – your
εσείς – δικό σας
eseís – dikó sas
How was your trip, Mr. Miller?
Πώς ήταν το ταξίδι σας, κύριε Müller;
Pós ítan to taxídi sas, kýrie Müller?
Where is your wife, Mr. Miller?
Πού είναι η γυναίκα σας, κύριε Müller;
Poú eínai i gynaíka sas, kýrie Müller?
you – your
εσείς – δικό σας
eseís – dikó sas
How was your trip, Mrs. Smith?
Πώς ήταν το ταξίδι σας, κυρία Schmidt;
Pós ítan to taxídi sas, kyría Schmidt?
Where is your husband, Mrs. Smith?
Πού είναι ο άντρας σας, κυρία Schmidt;
Poú eínai o ántras sas, kyría Schmidt?

Genetic mutation makes speaking possible

Man is the only living creature on Earth that can speak. This distinguishes him from animals and plants. Of course animals and plants also communicate with each other. However, they do not speak a complex syllable language. But why can man speak? Certain physical features are needed in order to be able to speak. These physical features are only found in humans. However, that does not necessarily mean that man developed them. In evolutionary history, nothing happens without a reason. Somewhere along the line, man began to speak. We do not yet know when exactly that was. But something must have happened that gave man speech. Researchers believe that a genetic mutation was responsible. Anthropologists have compared the genetic material of various living beings. It is well known that a particular gene influences speech. People in which it is damaged have problems with speech. They can't express themselves well and have a hard time understanding words. This gene was examined in people, apes, and mice. It is very similar in humans and chimpanzees. Only two small differences can be identified. But these differences make their presence known in the brain. Together with other genes, they influence certain brain activities. Thus humans can speak, whereas apes cannot. However, the riddle of the human language is not yet solved. For the gene mutation alone is not enough to enable speech. Researchers implanted the human gene variant in mice. It didn't give them the ability to speak… But their squeaks made quite a racket!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is thereby related to Finnish and Hungarian. However, parallels to Hungarian are only slightly noticeable. Many think that ______ is similar to Latvian or Lithuanian. That is completely false, however. Both of those languages belong to a completely different language family. ______ does not have any grammatical genders. There is no differentiation between feminine and masculine.

Instead there are 14 different cases. The orthography is not very difficult. It is determined by the pronunciation. This should definitely be practiced with a native speaker. If you want to learn ______, you need discipline and a little patience. ______s are happy to overlook little mistakes made by foreigners. They are excited to meet anyone who is interested in their language!


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book2 English UK - Greek for beginners