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40 [forty]

Asking for directions


40 [σαράντα]

Ρωτάω για το δρόμο


Excuse me!
Με συγχωρείτε!
Me synchoreíte!
Can you help me?
Μπορείτε να με βοηθήσετε;
Boreíte na me voithísete?
Is there a good restaurant around here?
Πού υπάρχει εδώ ένα καλό εστιατόριο;
Poú ypárchei edó éna kaló estiatório?
Take a left at the corner.
Πηγαίνετε στη γωνία αριστερά.
Pigaínete sti gonía aristerá.
Then go straight for a while.
Μετά πηγαίνετε για λίγο ευθεία.
Metá pigaínete gia lígo eftheía.
Then go right for a hundred metres / meters (am.).
Στα 100 μέτρα κάντε δεξιά.
Sta 100 métra kánte dexiá.
You can also take the bus.
Μπορείτε να πάρετε και το λεωφορείο.
Boreíte na párete kai to leoforeío.
You can also take the tram.
Μπορείτε να πάρετε και το τραμ.
Boreíte na párete kai to tram.
You can also follow me with your car.
Μπορείτε απλά να με ακολουθήσετε με το αυτοκίνητο ως εκεί.
Boreíte aplá na me akolouthísete me to aftokínito os ekeí.
How do I get to the football / soccer (am.) stadium?
Πώς θα πάω στο γήπεδο ποδοσφαίρου;
Pós tha páo sto gípedo podosfaírou?
Cross the bridge!
Διασχίστε τη γέφυρα!
Diaschíste ti géfyra!
Go through the tunnel!
Περάστε μέσα από το τούνελ!
Peráste mésa apó to toúnel!
Drive until you reach the third traffic light.
Πηγαίνετε ως το τρίτο φανάρι.
Pigaínete os to tríto fanári.
Then turn into the first street on your right.
Μετά στρίψτε στον πρώτο δρόμο δεξιά.
Metá strípste ston próto drómo dexiá.
Then drive straight through the next intersection.
Στην επόμενη διασταύρωση συνεχίζετε ευθεία.
Stin epómeni diastávrosi synechízete eftheía.
Excuse me, how do I get to the airport?
Συγγνώμη, πώς θα πάω στο αεροδρόμιο;
Syngnómi, pós tha páo sto aerodrómio?
It is best if you take the underground / subway (am.).
Πάρτε καλύτερα το μετρό.
Párte kalýtera to metró.
Simply get out at the last stop.
Απλά συνεχίστε μέχρι το τέρμα.
Aplá synechíste méchri to térma.

The language of animals

When we want to express ourselves, we use our speech. Animals have their own language as well. And they use it exactly like us humans. That is to say, they talk to each other in order to exchange information. Basically each animal species has a particular language. Even termites communicate with each other. When in danger, they slap their bodies on the ground. This is their way of warning each other. Other animal species whistle when they approach enemies. Bees speak with each other through dancing. Through this, they show other bees where there is something to eat. Whales make sounds that can be heard from 5,000 kilometers away. They communicate with each other through special songs. Elephants also give each other various acoustic signals. But humans cannot hear them. Most animal languages are very complicated. They consist of a combination of different signs. Acoustic, chemical and optical signals are used. Aside from that, animals use various gestures. By now, humans have learned the language of pets. They know when dogs are happy. And they can recognize when cats want to be left alone. However, dogs and cats speak very different languages. Many signals are even exact opposites. It was long believed that these two animals simply didn't like each other. But they just misunderstand each other. That leads to problems between dogs and cats. So even animals fight because of misunderstandings…

Guess the language!

______ is the native language of about 12 million people. The majority of those people live in ****** and other countries in southeastern Europe. ______ is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is closely related to Croatian and Bosnian. The grammar and vocabulary are very similar. Such being the case, it is easy for ______s, Croatians, and Bosnians to understand each other. The ______ alphabet contains 30 letters. Each one has a distinct pronunciation.

Parallels to ancient tonal languages can be found in the intonation. In Chinese, for example, the pitch of the syllables changes with the meaning. That is similar to ______. However, in this case only the pitch of the accented syllable plays a role. The strongly inflectional language structure is another hallmark of ______. That means that nouns, verbs, adjectives and pronouns are always inflected. If you are interested in grammatical structures, you should definitely learn ______!


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book2 English UK - Greek for beginners