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23 [twenty-three]

Learning foreign languages


23 [είκοσι τρία]

Μαθαίνω ξένες γλώσσες


Where did you learn Spanish?
Πού μάθατε ισπανικά;
Poú máthate ispaniká?
Can you also speak Portuguese?
Ξέρετε και πορτογαλικά;
Xérete kai portogaliká?
Yes, and I also speak some Italian.
Ναι, και ξέρω επίσης και λίγα ιταλικά.
Nai, kai xéro epísis kai líga italiká.
I think you speak very well.
Θεωρώ πως μιλάτε πολύ καλά.
Theoró pos miláte polý kalá.
The languages are quite similar.
Οι γλώσσες μοιάζουν αρκετά μεταξύ τους.
Oi glósses moiázoun arketá metaxý tous.
I can understand them well.
Καταλαβαίνω καλά αυτές τις γλώσσες.
Katalavaíno kalá aftés tis glósses.
But speaking and writing is difficult.
Το να μιλάς και να γράφεις είναι όμως δύσκολο.
To na milás kai na gráfeis eínai ómos dýskolo.
I still make many mistakes.
Κάνω ακόμα πολλά λάθη.
Káno akóma pollá láthi.
Please correct me each time.
Σας παρακαλώ να με διορθώνετε πάντα.
Sas parakaló na me diorthónete pánta.
Your pronunciation is very good.
Η άρθρωσή σας είναι αρκετά καλή.
I árthrosí sas eínai arketá kalí.
You only have a slight accent.
Έχετε μία μικρή προφορά.
Échete mía mikrí proforá.
One can tell where you come from.
Μπορεί να καταλάβει κανείς από πού είστε.
Boreí na katalávei kaneís apó poú eíste.
What is your mother tongue / native language (am.)?
Ποια είναι η μητρική σας γλώσσα;
Poia eínai i mitrikí sas glóssa?
Are you taking a language course?
Παρακολουθείτε μαθήματα ξένων γλωσσών;
Parakoloutheíte mathímata xénon glossón?
Which textbook are you using?
Ποιο βιβλίο χρησιμοποιείτε;
Poio vivlío chrisimopoieíte?
I don’t remember the name right now.
Αυτή τη στιγμή δεν ξέρω πώς λέγεται.
Aftí ti stigmí den xéro pós légetai.
The title is not coming to me.
Δεν μπορώ να θυμηθώ τον τίτλο.
Den boró na thymithó ton títlo.
I’ve forgotten it.
Τον έχω ξεχάσει.
Ton écho xechásei.

Germanic Languages

The Germanic languages belong to the Indo-European language family. This linguistic group is characterized by its phonological features. Differences in the phonology distinguish these languages from others. There are about 15 Germanic languages. 500 million people worldwide speak them as their native tongue. The exact number of individual languages is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. The most prominent Germanic language is English. It has 350 million native speakers worldwide. After that come German and Dutch. The Germanic languages are divided into different groups. There are North Germanic, West Germanic, and East Germanic. North Germanic languages are the Scandinavian languages. English, German and Dutch are West Germanic languages. The East Germanic languages have all become extinct. Old English, for example, belonged to this group. Colonization spread Germanic languages across the world. As a result, Dutch is understood in the Caribbean and in South Africa. All Germanic languages are derived from a common root. Whether or not there was a uniform proto-language is unclear. Besides that, only a few old Germanic texts exist. Unlike the Romance languages, there are hardly any sources. Research of the Germanic languages is more difficult as a result. Relatively little is also known about the culture of the Germanic people, or Teutons. The people of the Teutons did not unite. As a result there was no common identity. Therefore, science has to rely on other sources. Without Greeks and Romans, we would only know a little about the Teutons!

Guess the language!

______ is a member of the Romance language family. It is closely related to Spanish, French and Italian. It is spoken in Andorra, in the *****onia region of Spain and on the Balearic Islands. ______ is also spoken in parts of Aragon and in Valencia. A total of 12 million people speak or understand ______. The language arose between the 8th and 10th century in the Pyrenees region. It then spread to the south and east through territorial conquests. It is important to note that ______ is not a dialect of Spanish.

It evolved from Vulgar Latin and is considered an independent language. Therefore, Spaniards or Latin Americans do not automatically understand it. Many structures of ______ are similar to other Romance languages. But there are also a few features that do not occur in other languages. ______ speakers are very proud of their language. Learning ______ has been actively promoted by political groups for a few centuries. Learn ______ - this language has a future!


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