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79 [seventy-nine]

Adjectives 2


೭೯ [ಎಪ್ಪತ್ತೊಂಬತ್ತು]

ಗುಣವಾಚಕಗಳು ೨


I am wearing a blue dress.
ನಾನು ಒಂದು ನೀಲಿ ಅಂಗಿಯನ್ನು ಧರಿಸಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
Nānu ondu nīli aṅgiyannu dharisiddēne.
I am wearing a red dress.
ನಾನು ಒಂದು ಕೆಂಪು ಅಂಗಿಯನ್ನು ಧರಿಸಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
Nānu ondu kempu aṅgiyannu dharisiddēne.
I am wearing a green dress.
ನಾನು ಒಂದು ಹಸಿರು ಅಂಗಿಯನ್ನು ಧರಿಸಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
Nānu ondu hasiru aṅgiyannu dharisiddēne.
I’m buying a black bag.
ನಾನು ಒಂದು ಕಪ್ಪು ಚೀಲವನ್ನು ಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nānu ondu kappu cīlavannu koḷḷuttēne.
I’m buying a brown bag.
ನಾನು ಒಂದು ಕಂದು ಚೀಲವನ್ನು ಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nānu ondu kandu cīlavannu koḷḷuttēne.
I’m buying a white bag.
ನಾನು ಒಂದು ಬಿಳಿ ಚೀಲವನ್ನು ಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nānu ondu biḷi cīlavannu koḷḷuttēne.
I need a new car.
ನನಗೆ ಒಂದು ಹೊಸ ಗಾಡಿ ಬೇಕು.
Nanage ondu hosa gāḍi bēku.
I need a fast car.
ನನಗೆ ಒಂದು ವೇಗವಾದ ಗಾಡಿ ಬೇಕು.
Nanage ondu vēgavāda gāḍi bēku.
I need a comfortable car.
ನನಗೆ ಒಂದು ಹಿತಕರವಾದ ಗಾಡಿ ಬೇಕು.
Nanage ondu hitakaravāda gāḍi bēku.
An old lady lives at the top.
ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಮೇಲೆ ಒಬ್ಬ ವಯಸ್ಸಾದ ಮಹಿಳೆ ವಾಸಿಸುತ್ತಾಳೆ.
Alli mēle obba vayas'sāda mahiḷe vāsisuttāḷe.
A fat lady lives at the top.
ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಮೇಲೆ ಒಬ್ಬ ದಪ್ಪ ಮಹಿಳೆ ವಾಸಿಸುತ್ತಾಳೆ.
Alli mēle obba dappa mahiḷe vāsisuttāḷe.
A curious lady lives below.
ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಕೆಳಗೆ ಒಬ್ಬ ಕುತೂಹಲವುಳ್ಳ ಮಹಿಳೆ ವಾಸಿಸುತ್ತಾಳೆ.
Alli keḷage obba kutūhalavuḷḷa mahiḷe vāsisuttāḷe.
Our guests were nice people.
ನಮ್ಮ ಅತಿಥಿಗಳು ಒಳ್ಳೆಯ ಜನ.
Nam'ma atithigaḷu oḷḷeya jana.
Our guests were polite people.
ನಮ್ಮ ಅತಿಥಿಗಳು ವಿನೀತ ಜನ.
Nam'ma atithigaḷu vinīta jana.
Our guests were interesting people.
ನಮ್ಮ ಅತಿಥಿಗಳು ಸ್ವಾರಸ್ಯಕರ ಜನ.
Nam'ma atithigaḷu svārasyakara jana.
I have lovely children.
ನನಗೆ ಮುದ್ದು ಮಕ್ಕಳಿದ್ದಾರೆ.
Nanage muddu makkaḷiddāre.
But the neighbours have naughty children.
ಆದರೆ ನೆರೆಮನೆಯವರ ಮಕ್ಕಳು ತುಂಬಾ ತುಂಟರು.
Ādare neremaneyavara makkaḷu tumbā tuṇṭaru.
Are your children well behaved?
ನಿಮ್ಮ ಮಕ್ಕಳು ಒಳ್ಳೆಯವರೆ?
Nim'ma makkaḷu oḷḷeyavare?

One language, many varieties

Even if we only speak one language, we speak many languages. For no language is a self-contained system. Every language shows many different dimensions. Language is a living system. Speakers always orient themselves towards their conversation partners. Therefore, people vary the language they speak. These varieties appear in various forms. For example, every language has a history. It has changed and will continue to change. This can be recognized in the fact that old people speak differently than young people. There are also various dialects in most languages. However, many dialect speakers can adapt to their environment. In certain situations they speak the standard language. Different social groups have different languages. Youth language or hunter's jargon are examples of this. Most people speak differently at work than they do at home. Many also use a professional jargon at work. Differences also appear in spoken and written language. Spoken language is typically much simpler than written. The difference can be quite large. This is the case when written languages don't change for a long time. Speakers then must learn to use the language in written form first. The language of women and men is often different as well. This difference isn't that great in western societies. But there are countries in which women speak much more differently than men. In some cultures, politeness has its own linguistic form. Speaking is therefore not at all so easy! We have to pay attention to many different things at the same time…

Guess the language!

Korean is spoken by approximately 75 million people. These people mainly live in North and South Korea. However, there are also Korean minorities in China and Japan. It is still debated as to which language family Korean belongs. The fact that Korea is divided is also noticeable in the language of the two countries. South Korea, for example, adopts many words from English. North Koreans often do not understand these words. The standard languages of both countries are based on the dialects of their respective capital cities.

Another feature of the Korean language is its preciseness. For example, the language indicates which relationship speakers have to one another. That means there are a great deal of polite forms of address and many different terms for relatives. The Korean writing system is a letter system. Individual letters are combined as syllables in imaginary squares. Especially interesting are the consonants that function as pictures through their shape. They show which position mouth, tongue, palate and throat have in the pronunciation.

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book2 English US - Kannada for beginners