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58 [fifty-eight]

Parts of the body


೫೮ [ಐವತ್ತೆಂಟು]

ದೇಹದ ಭಾಗಗಳು


I am drawing a man.
ನಾನು ಒಬ್ಬ ಗಂಡಸಿನ ಚಿತ್ರವನ್ನು ಬಿಡಿಸುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
nānu obba gaṇḍasina citravannu biḍisuttiddēne.
First the head.
ಮೊದಲಿಗೆ ತಲೆ.
Modalige tale.
The man is wearing a hat.
ಆ ಮನುಷ್ಯ ಒಂದು ಟೋಪಿಯನ್ನು ಹಾಕಿಕೊಂಡಿದ್ದಾನೆ.
Ā manuṣya ondu ṭōpiyannu hākikoṇḍiddāne.
One cannot see the hair.
ಅವನ ಕೂದಲುಗಳು ಕಾಣಿಸುವುದಿಲ್ಲ.
Avana kūdalugaḷu kāṇisuvudilla.
One cannot see the ears either.
ಅವನ ಕಿವಿಗಳು ಸಹ ಕಾಣಿಸುವುದಿಲ್ಲ.
Avana kivigaḷu saha kāṇisuvudilla.
One cannot see his back either.
ಅವನ ಬೆನ್ನು ಸಹ ಕಾಣಿಸುವುದಿಲ್ಲ.
Avana bennu saha kāṇisuvudilla.
I am drawing the eyes and the mouth.
ನಾನು ಕಣ್ಣುಗಳನ್ನು ಮತ್ತು ಬಾಯಿಯನ್ನು ಬರೆಯುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
Nānu kaṇṇugaḷannu mattu bāyiyannu bareyuttiddēne.
The man is dancing and laughing.
ಆ ಮನುಷ್ಯ ನರ್ತಿಸುತ್ತಿದ್ದಾನೆ ಮತ್ತು ನಗುತ್ತಿದ್ದಾನೆ.
Ā manuṣya nartisuttiddāne mattu naguttiddāne.
The man has a long nose.
ಅವನು ಉದ್ದವಾದ ಮೂಗನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿದ್ದಾನೆ.
Avanu uddavāda mūgannu hondiddāne.
He is carrying a cane in his hands.
ಅವನು ಕೈಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದು ಕೋಲನ್ನು ಹಿಡಿದಿದ್ದಾನೆ.
Avanu kaigaḷalli ondu kōlannu hiḍididdāne.
He is also wearing a scarf around his neck.
ಅವನು ಕುತ್ತಿಗೆಯ ಸುತ್ತ ಒಂದು ಕಂಠವಸ್ತ್ರವನ್ನು ಕಟ್ಟಿಕೊಂಡಿದ್ದಾನೆ.
Avanu kuttigeya sutta ondu kaṇṭhavastravannu kaṭṭikoṇḍiddāne.
It is winter and it is cold.
ಈಗ ಚಳಿಗಾಲ ಮತ್ತು ಥಂಡಿ ಇದೆ.
Īga caḷigāla mattu thaṇḍi ide.
The arms are athletic.
ಕೈಗಳು ಶಕ್ತಿಯುತವಾಗಿವೆ.
Kaigaḷu śaktiyutavāgive.
The legs are also athletic.
ಕಾಲುಗಳು ಸಹ ಶಕ್ತಿಯುತವಾಗಿವೆ.
Kālugaḷu saha śaktiyutavāgive.
The man is made of snow.
ಈ ಮನುಷ್ಯ ಮಂಜಿನಿಂದ ಮಾಡಲ್ಪಟ್ಟಿದ್ದಾನೆ.
Ī manuṣya man̄jininda māḍalpaṭṭiddāne.
He is neither wearing pants nor a coat.
ಅವನು ಷರಾಯಿ ಅಥವಾ ಕೋಟನ್ನು ಧರಿಸಿಲ್ಲ
Avanu ṣarāyi athavā kōṭannu dharisilla
But the man is not freezing.
ಆದರೆ ಅವನು ಚಳಿಯ ಕೊರೆತದಿಂದ ಸೆಡೆಯುವುದಿಲ್ಲ.
ādare avanu caḷiya koretadinda seḍeyuvudilla.
He is a snowman.
ಅವನು ಮಂಜಿನ ಮನುಷ್ಯ.
Avanu man̄jina manuṣya.

The language of our ancestors

Modern languages can be analyzed by linguists. Various methods are used to do so. But how did people speak thousands of years ago? It is much more difficult to answer this question. Despite this, scientists have been busy researching for years. They would like to explore how people spoke earlier. In order to do this, they attempt to reconstruct ancient speech forms. American scientists have now made an exciting discovery. They analyzed more than 2,000 languages. In particular they analyzed the sentence structure of the languages. The results of their study were very interesting. About half of the languages had the S-O-V sentence structure. That is to say, the sentences are ordered by subject, object and verb. More than 700 languages follow the pattern S-V-O. And about 160 languages operate according to the V-S-O system. Only about 40 languages use the V-O-S pattern. 120 languages display a hybrid. On the other hand, O-V-S and O-S-V are distinctly rarer systems. The majority of the analyzed languages use the S-O-V principle. Persian, Japanese and Turkish are some examples. Most living languages follow the S-V-O pattern, however. This sentence structure dominates the Indo-European language family today. Researchers believe that the S-O-V model was used earlier. All languages are based on this system. But then the languages diverged. We don't yet know how that happened. However, the variation of sentence structures must have had a reason. Because in evolution, only that which has an advantage prevails…

Guess the language!

******i is one of the Indo-Iranian languages. It is the native language of about 200 million people. More than 140 million of those people live in Bangladesh. There are also approximately 75 million speakers in India. Additional speakers are found in Malaysia, Nepal and Saudi Arabia. ******i is thus one of the most spoken languages of the world. The language has its own writing system. There are even distinct symbols for numbers.

Nowadays, however, Arabic digits are used most of the time. ******i syntax follows strict rules. The subject comes first, then the object, and finally the verb. There are no grammatical genders. Nouns and adjectives also vary only slightly. That is a good thing for everyone that wants to learn this important language. And as many as possible should do so!

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book2 English US - Kannada for beginners