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49 [forty-nine]



೪೯ [ನಲವತ್ತೊಂಬತ್ತು]

ಕ್ರೀಡೆ (ಗಳು)


Do you exercise?
ನೀನು ವ್ಯಾಯಾಮ ಮಾಡುತ್ತೀಯಾ?
nīnu vyāyāma māḍuttīyā?
Yes, I need some exercise.
ಹೌದು, ನನಗೆ ಸ್ವಲ್ಪ ವ್ಯಾಯಾಮ ಬೇಕು.
Haudu, nanage svalpa vyāyāma bēku.
I am a member of a sports club.
ನಾನು ಒಂದು ಕ್ರೀಡಾಸಂಘದ ಸದಸ್ಯ.
Nānu ondu krīḍāsaṅghada sadasya.
We play football / soccer (am.).
ನಾವು ಕಾಲ್ಚೆಂಡು ಆಟ ಆಡುತ್ತೇವೆ.
Nāvu kālceṇḍu āṭa āḍuttēve.
We swim sometimes.
ಕೆಲವೊಮ್ಮೆ ನಾವು ಈಜಾಡುತ್ತೇವೆ.
Kelavom'me nāvu ījāḍuttēve.
Or we cycle.
ಅಥವಾ ನಾವು ಸೈಕಲ್ ಹೊಡೆಯುತ್ತೇವೆ.
Athavā nāvu saikal hoḍeyuttēve.
There is a football / soccer (am.) stadium in our city.
ನಮ್ಮ ಊರಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದು ಫುಟ್ ಬಾಲ್ ಮೈದಾನ ಇದೆ.
Nam'ma ūrinalli ondu phuṭ bāl maidāna ide.
There is also a swimming pool with a sauna.
ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಸೌನ ಇರುವ ಒಂದು ಈಜುಕೊಳ ಕೂಡ ಇದೆ.
Alli sauna iruva ondu ījukoḷa kūḍa ide.
And there is a golf course.
ಒಂದು ಗಾಲ್ಫ್ ಮೈದಾನ ಸಹ ಇದೆ.
Ondu gālph maidāna saha ide.
What is on TV?
ಟೀವಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಏನು ಕಾರ್ಯಕ್ರಮ ಇದೆ?
Ṭīviyalli ēnu kāryakrama ide?
There is a football / soccer (am.) match on now.
ಈಗ ಒಂದು ಫುಟ್ಬಾಲ್ ಪಂದ್ಯದ ಪ್ರದರ್ಶನ ಇದೆ.
Īga ondu phuṭbāl pandyada pradarśana ide.
The German team is playing against the English one.
ಜರ್ಮನ್ ತಂಡ ಇಂಗ್ಲೆಂಡ್ ತಂಡದ ವಿರುದ್ದ ಆಡುತ್ತಿದೆ.
Jarman taṇḍa iṅgleṇḍ taṇḍada virudda āḍuttide.
Who is winning?
ಯಾರು ಗೆಲ್ಲುತ್ತಾರೆ?
Yāru gelluttāre?
I have no idea.
ನನಗೆ ಗೊತ್ತಿಲ್ಲ.
Nanage gottilla.
It is currently a tie.
ಸಧ್ಯಕ್ಕೆ ಯಾವ ತಂಡಕ್ಕೂ ಮುನ್ನಡೆ ಇಲ್ಲ.
Sadhyakke yāva taṇḍakkū munnaḍe illa.
The referee is from Belgium.
ತೀರ್ಪುಗಾರ ಬೆಲ್ಜಿಯಂ ದೇಶದವರು.
Tīrpugāra beljiyaṁ dēśadavaru.
Now there is a penalty.
ಈಗ ಪೆನಾಲ್ಟಿ ಒದೆತ.
Īga penālṭi odeta.
Goal! One – zero!
ಗೋಲ್! ೧-೦!
Gōl! 1-0!

Only strong words survive!

Rarely used words change more often than words that are used often. That could be due to the laws of evolution. Common genes change less in the course of time. They are more stable in their form. And apparently the same is true for words! English verbs were evaluated for a study. In it, current forms of the verbs were compared to old forms. In English, the ten most common verbs are irregular. Most other verbs are regular. But in the Middle Ages, most verbs were still irregular. So irregular verbs that were rarely used became regular verbs. In 300 years, English will have hardly any remaining irregular verbs. Other studies also show that languages are selected like genes. Researchers compared common words from different languages. In the process they chose similar words that mean the same thing. An example of this are the words: water, Wasser, vatten. These words have the same root and therefore closely resemble one another. Since they are essential words, they are used frequently in all languages. In this way, they are able to maintain their form – and remain similar today. Less essential words change much faster. Rather, they are replaced by other words. Rarely used words differentiate themselves in this way in different languages. Why rarely used words change remains unclear. It's possible that they are often used incorrectly or are mispronounced. This is due to the fact that speakers aren't familiar with them. But it could be that essential words must always be the same. Because only then can they be understood correctly. And words are there to be understood…

Guess the language!

Ukrainian is counted among the East Slavic languages. It is closely related to Russian and Belarusian. More than 40 million people speak Ukrainian. It is the third most-spoken Slavic language after Russian and Polish. Ukrainian developed around the end of the 18th century out of the vernacular. A distinct written language emerged at that time, and with it came literature. Today there are a number of dialects that are divided into three main groups. Vocabulary, syntax, and articulation are evocative of other Slavic languages.

That is because the Slavic languages started differentiating themselves relatively late. Due to the geographical situation of Ukraine, there are many Polish and Russian influences. The grammar contains seven cases. Ukrainian adjectives define relationships to people or things very clearly. A speaker is able to demonstrate his attitude or mindset depending on which form of a word he chooses. Another hallmark of Ukrainian is its highly melodic sound. If you like languages that sound melodious, you should learn Ukrainian!

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book2 English US - Kannada for beginners