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29 [twenty-nine]

At the restaurant 1


೨೯ [ಇಪ್ಪತ್ತೊಂಬತ್ತು]

ಫಲಾಹಾರ ಮಂದಿರದಲ್ಲಿ ೧


Is this table taken?
ಈ ಜಾಗ ಖಾಲಿ ಇದೆಯೆ?
Ī jāga khāli ideye?
I would like the menu, please.
ದಯವಿಟ್ಟು ನನಗೆ ತಿಂಡಿಗಳ ಪಟ್ಟಿಯನ್ನು ಕೊಡಿ.
Dayaviṭṭu nanage tiṇḍigaḷa paṭṭiyannu koḍi.
What would you recommend?
ನೀವು ಯಾವ ತಿಂಡಿಯನ್ನು ಶಿಫಾರಸ್ಸು ಮಾಡುತ್ತೀರಾ?
Nīvu yāva tiṇḍiyannu śiphāras'su māḍuttīrā?
I’d like a beer.
ನನಗೆ ಒಂದು ಬೀರ್ ಬೇಕಾಗಿತ್ತು.
Nanage ondu bīr bēkāgittu.
I’d like a mineral water.
ನನಗೆ ಒಂದು ಖನಿಜಯುಕ್ತ ನೀರು ಬೇಕಾಗಿತ್ತು.
Nanage ondu khanijayukta nīru bēkāgittu.
I’d like an orange juice.
ನನಗೆ ಒಂದು ಕಿತ್ತಳೆ ಹಣ್ಣಿನ ರಸ ಬೇಕಾಗಿತ್ತು.
Nanage ondu kittaḷe haṇṇina rasa bēkāgittu.
I’d like a coffee.
ನನಗೆ ಒಂದು ಕಾಫಿ ಬೇಕಾಗಿತ್ತು.
Nanage ondu kāphi bēkāgittu.
I’d like a coffee with milk.
ನನಗೆ ಒಂದು ಹಾಲು ಮಿಶ್ರಿತ ಕಾಫಿ ಬೇಕಾಗಿತ್ತು.
Nanage ondu hālu miśrita kāphi bēkāgittu.
With sugar, please.
ದಯವಿಟ್ಟು ಸಕ್ಕರೆಯೊಡನೆ ಕೊಡಿ.
Dayaviṭṭu sakkareyoḍane koḍi.
I’d like a tea.
ನನಗೆ ಒಂದು ಚಹ ಬೇಕಾಗಿತ್ತು.
Nanage ondu caha bēkāgittu.
I’d like a tea with lemon.
ನನಗೆ ನಿಂಬೆಹಣ್ಣಿನ ರಸದೊಡನೆ ಒಂದು ಚಹ ಬೇಕಾಗಿತ್ತು.
Nanage nimbehaṇṇina rasadoḍane ondu caha bēkāgittu.
I’d like a tea with milk.
ನನಗೆ ಒಂದು ಹಾಲು ಮಿಶ್ರಿತ ಚಹ ಬೇಕಾಗಿತ್ತು.
Nanage ondu hālu miśrita caha bēkāgittu.
Do you have cigarettes?
ನಿಮ್ಮ ಬಳಿ ಸಿಗರೇಟ್ ಇದೆಯೆ?
Nim'ma baḷi sigarēṭ ideye?
Do you have an ashtray?
ನಿಮ್ಮ ಬಳಿ ಆಷ್ ಟ್ರೇ ಇದೆಯೆ?
Nim'ma baḷi āṣ ṭrē ideye?
Do you have a light?
ನಿಮ್ಮ ಬಳಿ ಬೆಂಕಿಕಡ್ಡಿ ಇದೆಯೆ?
Nim'ma baḷi beṅkikaḍḍi ideye?
I’m missing a fork.
ನನ್ನ ಬಳಿ ಫೋರ್ಕ್ ಇಲ್ಲ.
Nanna baḷi phōrk illa.
I’m missing a knife.
ನನ್ನ ಬಳಿ ಚಾಕು ಇಲ್ಲ.
Nanna baḷi cāku illa.
I’m missing a spoon.
ನನ್ನ ಬಳಿ ಚಮಚ ಇಲ್ಲ.
Nanna baḷi camaca illa.

Grammar prevents lies!

Every language has particular features. But some also have characteristics that are unique worldwide. Among these languages is Trio. Trio is a Native American language in South America. Around 2,000 people in Brazil and Suriname speak it. What makes Trio special is its grammar. Because it forces its speakers to always tell the truth. The so-called frustrative ending is responsible for this. This ending is added to verbs in Trio. It indicates how true a sentence is. A simple example explains how exactly it works. Let's take the sentence The child went to school. In Trio, the speaker has to add a certain ending onto the verb. Through the ending he is able to communicate whether he saw the child himself. But he can also express that he only knows it from speaking to others. Or he says through the ending that he knows it's a lie. So the speaker has to commit to what he is saying. Meaning, he must communicate how true a statement is. In this way he cannot keep anything a secret or sugarcoat anything. If a Trio speaker leaves the ending off, he is deemed a liar. In Suriname the official language is Dutch. Translations from Dutch into Trio are often problematic. Because most languages are much less precise. They make it possible for the speakers to be vague. Therefore, interpreters don't always commit to what they are saying. The communication with Trio speakers is thereby difficult. Perhaps the frustrative ending would be helpful in other languages too!? Not only in the language of politics…

Guess the language!

*****onian is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in *****onia. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular. It has been influenced by numerous other languages.

The neighboring country of Serbia has especially influenced the *****onian language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for *****onian to establish itself as its own language. *****onian literature has especially suffered from this situation. *****onian is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the *****onian identity.

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