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89 [eighty-nine]

Imperative 1


‫89 [نواسی]‬

‫درخواست کرنا – حکم دینا 1‬


You are so lazy – don’t be so lazy!
‫تم بہت سست ہو – اتنا سست نہ بنو !‬
tum bohat sust ho itna sust nah bano !
You sleep for so long – don’t sleep so late!
‫تم دیر تک سوتے ہو – دیر تک نہ سویا کرو !‬
tum der tak sotay ho der tak nah soya karo !
You come home so late – don’t come home so late!
‫تم دیر سے آتے ہو – دیر سے نہ آیا کرو !‬
tum der se atay ho der se nah aaya karo !
You laugh so loudly – don’t laugh so loudly!
‫تم زور سے ہنستے ہو – زور سے نہ ہنسا کرو !‬
tum zor se hanstay ho zor se nah hansa karo !
You speak so softly – don’t speak so softly!
‫تم آہستہ بولتے ہو – آہستہ نہ بولا کرو !‬
tum aahistaa boltay ho aahistaa nah bola karo !
You drink too much – don’t drink so much!
‫تم بہت پیتے ہو – اتنا نہ پیا کرو !‬
tum bohat peetay ho itna nah piya karo !
You smoke too much – don’t smoke so much!
‫تم بہت سیگرہٹ پیتے ہو – اتنا نہ پیا کرو !‬
tum bohat peetay ho itna nah piya karo !
You work too much – don’t work so much!
‫تم بہت کام کرتے ہو – اتنا کام نہ کیا کرو !‬
tum bohat kaam karte ho itna kaam nah kya karo !
You drive too fast – don’t drive so fast!
‫تم گاڑی تیز چلاتے ہو – اتنا تیز نہ چلایا کرو !‬
tum gaari taiz chillate ho itna taiz nah chalaya karo !
Get up, Mr. Miller!
‫مسٹر مولر، اٹھ جایئے !‬
mister , uth jayye !
Sit down, Mr. Miller!
‫مسٹر مولر، تشریف رکھیئے !‬
mister , tashreef rkhiye !
Remain seated, Mr. Miller!
‫مسٹر مولر، بیٹھے رہیئے !‬
mister , baithy rhiye !
Be patient!
‫صبر کیجیئے !‬
sabr kijiye !
Take your time!
‫وقت لیجیئے !‬
waqt lijiye !
Wait a moment!
‫ایک لمحہ انتظار کیجیئے !‬
aik lamha intzaar kijiye !
Be careful!
‫خیال رکھیئے ! ہوشیار رہیں / خبر دار رہیں /‬
khayaal rkhiye !
Be punctual!
‫وقت پر آیئے / وقت کی پابندی کریں !‬
waqt par aayye !
Don’t be stupid!
‫حماقت مت کیجیئے !‬
hamaqat mat kijiye !

The Chinese language

The Chinese language has the most speakers worldwide. However, there is not one individual Chinese language. Several Chinese languages exist. They all belong to the family of Sino-Tibetan languages. A total of approximately 1.3 billion people speak Chinese. The majority of those people live in the People's Republic of China and in Taiwan. There are many countries with Chinese-speaking minorities. The largest Chinese language is High Chinese. This standardized high-level language is also called Mandarin. Mandarin is the official language of the People's Republic of China. Other Chinese languages are often only referred to as dialects. Mandarin is also spoken in Taiwan and Singapore. Mandarin is the native language of 850 million people. It is understood by almost all Chinese-speaking people, however. For this reason, speakers of different dialects use it for communication. All Chinese people use a common written form. The Chinese written form is 4,000 to 5,000 years old. With that, Chinese has the longest literary tradition. Other Asian cultures have borrowed the Chinese written form as well. Chinese characters are more difficult than alphabetic systems. Spoken Chinese, however, is not as complicated. The grammar can be learned relatively easily. Therefore, learners can make good progress pretty quickly. And more and more people want to learn Chinese! As a foreign language, it is becoming increasingly meaningful. By now, Chinese languages are offered everywhere. Have the courage to learn it yourself! Chinese will be the language of the future…

Guess the language!

Polish is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 45 million people. These people live primarily in Poland and in several Eastern European countries. Polish emigrants took their language to other continents as well. As a result, there are approximately 60 million Polish speakers worldwide. It is the most-spoken Slavic language after Russian. Polish is closely related to Czech and Slovakian. The modern Polish language developed from different dialects.

Today there are hardly any dialects because most Poles use the standard language. The Polish alphabet is written in Latin letters and consists of 35 letters. The last but one syllable of a word is always accented. The grammar contains seven cases and three genders. This means almost every word ending is declined or conjugated. As a result Polish is not necessarily considered the easiest of languages. But it will soon be one of the more important European languages!


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