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73 [seventy-three]

to be allowed to

 


‫73 [تہتّر]‬

‫کسی چیز کی اجازت‬

 

 
Are you already allowed to drive?
‫کیا تمھیں گاڑی چلانے کی اجازت ہے ؟‬
kya tumhen gaari chalanay ki ijazat hai?
Are you already allowed to drink alcohol?
‫کیا تمھیں شراب پینے کی اجازت ہے ؟‬
kya tumhen sharaab peenay ki ijazat hai?
Are you already allowed to travel abroad alone?
‫کیا تمھیں اکیلے دوسرے ملک میں جانے کی اجازت ہے ؟‬
kya tumhen akailey dosray malik mein jane ki ijazat hai?
 
 
 
 
may / to be allowed
‫اختیار ہونا اجازت‬
inkhtiyaar hona
May we smoke here?
‫کیا ہمیں یہاں سگریٹ پینے کی اجازت ہے ؟‬
kya hamein yahan cigrette peenay ki ijazat hai?
Is smoking allowed here?
‫کیا یہاں سگریٹ پینے کی اجازت ہے ؟‬
kya yahan cigrette peenay ki ijazat hai?
 
 
 
 
May one pay by credit card?
‫کیا کریڈٹ کارڈ کے ذریعے ادائیگی کی جا سکتی ہے ؟‬
kya crdt card ke zariye adaigi ki ja sakti hai?
May one pay by cheque / check (am.)?
‫کیا چیک سے ادایئگی کی جا سکتی ہے ؟‬
kya check se ki ja sakti hai?
May one only pay in cash?
‫کیا صرف نقد ادائیگی کی اجازت ہے ؟‬
kya sirf naqad adaigi ki ijazat hai?
 
 
 
 
May I just make a call?
‫کیا میں ٹیلیفون کر سکتا ہوں ؟‬
kya mein telephone kar sakta hon?
May I just ask something?
‫کیا میں کچھ پوچھ سکتا ہوں ؟‬
kya mein kuch pooch sakta hon?
May I just say something?
‫کیا میں کچھ کہہ سکتا ہوں ؟‬
kya mein kuch keh sakta hon?
 
 
 
 
He is not allowed to sleep in the park.
‫اسے پارک میں سونے کی اجازت نہیں ہے -‬
usay park mein sonay ki ijazat nahi hai -
He is not allowed to sleep in the car.
‫اسے گاڑی میں سونے کی اجازت نہیں ہے -‬
usay gaari mein sonay ki ijazat nahi hai -
He is not allowed to sleep at the train station.
‫اسے اسٹیشن میں سونے کی اجازت نہیں ہے -‬
usay station mein sonay ki ijazat nahi hai -
 
 
 
 
May we take a seat?
‫کیا ہم بیٹھ سکتے ہیں ؟‬
kya hum baith satke hain?
May we have the menu?
‫کیا ہمیں مینو مل سکتا ہے ؟‬
kya hamein meino mil sakta hai?
May we pay separately?
‫کیا ہم الگ الگ ادائیگی کر سکتے ہیں ؟‬
kya hum alag alag adaigi kar satke hain?
 
 
 
 


How the brain learns new words

When we learn new vocabulary, our brain stores new content. Learning only works with constant repetition. How well our brain stores words is dependent on multiple factors. But the most important thing is that we review vocabulary on a regular basis. Only words that we use or write often get stored. It could be said that these words are archived like images. This principle of learning is also true in apes. Apes can learn to "read" words, if they see them often enough. Although they don't understand the words, they recognize them by their form. In order to speak a language fluently, we need many words. For that, the vocabulary must be well organized. Because our memory functions like an archive. In order to find a word quickly, it must know where to search. Therefore it's better to learn words in a particular context. Then our brain will always be able to open the correct "file". But even that which we have learned well can be forgotten. In this case, the knowledge moves from the active into the passive memory. By forgetting, we free ourselves of knowledge we don't need. This is how our brain makes room for new and more important things. Therefore, it is important that we activate our knowledge on a regular basis. But that which is in the passive memory isn't lost forever. When we see a forgotten word, we remember it again. We learn that which we've learned before more quickly the second time. He who wants to expand his vocabulary must also expand his hobbies. Because each of us has certain interests. Therefore, we typically busy ourselves with the same things. But a language consists of many different semantic fields. A person interested in politics should also read sports papers sometime!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Aryan languages. It is spoken in most of the states of northern and central India. ______ is closely related to the Urdu language that is primarily spoken in Pakistan. For all intents and purposes, the two languages are almost identical. The crucial difference is in the writing system. ______ is written in Devanagari. On the other hand, Urdu uses the Arabic semiotic system. Distinctive for ______ are the many dialects.

These differ, sometimes strongly, from one another due to the country's size. ______ is the native language of 370 million people. An additional 150 million people are proficient in ______ as a second language. With that, ______ is among the most spoken languages of the world. It is in second place after Chinese. So it comes before Spanish and English! And India's influence in the world is growing rapidly!

 


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