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55 [fifty-five]



‫55 [پچپن]‬



What do you do for a living?
‫آپ کیا کام کرتے ہیں؟‬
aap kya kaam karti hain?
My husband is a doctor.
‫میرا شوہر ڈاکٹر ہے-‬
mera shohar dr hai -
I work as a nurse part-time.
‫میں آدھے دن کے لیے نرس کا کام کرتی ہوں-‬
mein adhay din ke liye nurse ka kaam karti hoon
We will soon receive our pension.
‫جلد ہمیں پنشن ملنے والی ہے-‬
jald hamein pension milnay wali hai -
But taxes are high.
‫لیکن ٹیکس بہت زیادہ ہے-‬
lekin tax bohat ziyada hai -
And health insurance is expensive.
‫اور میڈیکل انشورنس مہنگا ہے-‬
aur medical insurance mehanga hai -
What would you like to become some day?
‫تم کیا بننا چاہتے ہو؟‬
tum kya ban-na chahtay ho?
I would like to become an engineer.
‫میں انجنیر بننا چاہتا ہوں-‬
mein engineer ban-na chahta hoon
I want to go to college.
‫میں یونیورسٹی میں پڑھنا چاہتا ہوں-‬
mein university mein parhna chahta hoon
I am an intern.
‫میں ٹرینی ہوں-‬
mein trini hoon
I do not earn much.
‫میں زیادہ نہیں کماتا ہوں-‬
mein ziyada nahi kmata hoon
I am doing an internship abroad.
‫میں ملک سے باہر ٹریننگ کر رہا ہوں-‬
mein malik se bahar training kar raha hoon
That is my boss.
‫یہ میرے باس ہیں-‬
yeh mere boss hin-
I have nice colleagues.
‫میرے ساتھ کام کرنے والے اچھے لوگ ہیں-‬
mere sath kaam karne walay achay log hin-
We always go to the cafeteria at noon.
‫لنچ کے وقت ہم ہمیشہ کینٹین میں جاتے ہیں-‬
lunch ke waqt hum hamesha canteen mein jatay hin-
I am looking for a job.
‫میں نوکری تلاش کر رہا ہوں-‬
mein nokari talaash kar raha hoon
I have already been unemployed for a year.
‫میں ایک سال سے بیروزگار ہوں-‬
mein aik saal se berozgaar hoon
There are too many unemployed people in this country.
‫اس ملک میں بہت سارے لوگ بیروزگار ہیں-‬
is malik mein bohat saaray log berozgaar hin-

Memory needs speech

Most people remember their first day of school. However, they no longer recall that which came before. We have almost no memory of our first years of life. But why is that? Why can't we remember the experiences we had as a baby? The reason lies in our development. Speech and memory develop at about the same time. And in order to remember something, a person needs speech. That is, he must have words for that which he experiences. Scientists have conducted various tests with children. In doing so, they made an interesting discovery. As soon as children learn to speak, they forget everything that came before. The beginning of speech is therefore also the beginning of memory. Children learn a great deal in the first three years of their lives. They experience new things every day. They also have many important experiences at this age. Despite this, it all disappears. Psychologists refer to this phenomenon as infantile amnesia. Only the things that children can name remain. The autobiographical memory retains personal experiences. It functions like a journal. Everything that is important in our life is recorded in it. In this way, the autobiographical memory forms our identity. But its development is dependent upon the learning of the native language. And we can only activate our memory through our speech. The things that we learn as a baby are not really gone, of course. They are stored somewhere in our brain. We just can't access them anymore… – that's a shame, isn't it?

Guess the language!

______ is one of the eleven official languages of South ****ca. It was the language of the Boers. They settled in ****ca during colonial times. Its origins can be traced to 17th century Dutch. Therefore, it belongs to the West Germanic language family. The language has naturally changed over time. The grammar of ______ is simpler than that of Dutch today. It also contains many elements that were borrowed from English.

This is because the British also had colonies in the region. ______ is not only understood in South ****ca, though. It is also spoken in Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Botswana. It is estimated that in total more than 20 million people understand ______. It is the native language of 7 million people in South ****ca alone. Even more people speak ______ as their second or third language. A person can get around easily in many regions of ****ca with ______. Therefore it is worth it to learn this relatively simple language!


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