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32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4


32 [முப்பத்தி இரண்டு]

உணவகத்தில் 4


I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup.
எனக்கு கெட்சப்புடன் சிறிது வறுவல் வேண்டும்.
eṉakku keṭcappuṭaṉ ciṟitu vaṟuval vēṇṭum.
And two with mayonnaise.
மற்றும் இரண்டு, மெயனேஸ் உடன்.
Maṟṟum iraṇṭu, meyaṉēs uṭaṉ.
And three sausages with mustard.
மற்றும் மூன்று சாஸேஜ்கள் கடுகு ஸாஸ் உடன்.
Maṟṟum mūṉṟu cāsējkaḷ kaṭuku sās uṭaṉ.
What vegetables do you have?
உங்களிடம் என்ன கறிகாய் இருக்கிறது?
Uṅkaḷiṭam eṉṉa kaṟikāy irukkiṟatu?
Do you have beans?
உங்களிடம் பீன்ஸ் இருக்கிறதா?
Uṅkaḷiṭam pīṉs irukkiṟatā?
Do you have cauliflower?
உங்களிடம் காலிஃப்ளவர் இருக்கிறதா?
Uṅkaḷiṭam kāliḥpḷavar irukkiṟatā?
I like to eat (sweet) corn.
எனக்கு மக்காச்சோளம் சாப்பிடப் பிடிக்கும்.
Eṉakku makkāccōḷam cāppiṭap piṭikkum.
I like to eat cucumber.
எனக்கு வெள்ளிரிக்காய் சாப்பிடப் பிடிக்கும்.
Eṉakku veḷḷirikkāy cāppiṭap piṭikkum.
I like to eat tomatoes.
எனக்கு தக்காளி சாப்பிடப் பிடிக்கும்.
Eṉakku takkāḷi cāppiṭap piṭikkum.
Do you also like to eat leek?
உஙகளுக்கு லெளக் கீரை சாப்பிடப் பிடிக்குமா?
Uṅakaḷukku leḷak kīrai cāppiṭap piṭikkumā?
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut?
உஙகளுக்கு ஸவர் கிரௌட் தழை சாப்பிடப் பிடிக்குமா ?
Uṅakaḷukku savar kirauṭ taḻai cāppiṭap piṭikkumā?
Do you also like to eat lentils?
உஙகளுக்கு பருப்பு சாப்பிடப் பிடிக்குமா?
Uṅakaḷukku paruppu cāppiṭap piṭikkumā?
Do you also like to eat carrots?
உனக்கு காரட் சாப்பிடப் பிடிக்குமா?
Uṉakku kāraṭ cāppiṭap piṭikkumā?
Do you also like to eat broccoli?
உனக்கு ப்ராக்கோலியும் சாப்பிடப் பிடிக்குமா?
Uṉakku prākkōliyum cāppiṭap piṭikkumā?
Do you also like to eat peppers?
உனக்கு காப்ஸிகம் வகைகளும் சாப்பிடப் பிடிக்குமா?
Uṉakku kāpsikam vakaikaḷum cāppiṭap piṭikkumā?
I don’t like onions.
எனக்கு வெங்காயம் பிடிக்காது.
Eṉakku veṅkāyam piṭikkātu.
I don’t like olives.
எனக்கு ஆலிவ்ஸ் பிடிக்காது.
Eṉakku ālivs piṭikkātu.
I don’t like mushrooms.
எனக்கு மஷ்ரூம்ஸ் பிடிக்காது.
Eṉakku maṣrūms piṭikkātu.

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant. Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of ******. ______ is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. ______ is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition.

Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. ______ is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In ______, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes ______ that much more appealing!


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