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30 [thirty]

At the restaurant 2


30 [முப்பது]

உணவகத்தில் 2


An apple juice, please.
தயவிட்டு ஓர் ஆப்பிள் ஜூஸ் கொடுங்கள்.
tayaviṭṭu ōr āppiḷ jūs koṭuṅkaḷ.
A lemonade, please.
தயவிட்டு ஒரு லெமன் ஜூஸ் கொடுங்கள்.
Tayaviṭṭu oru lemaṉ jūs koṭuṅkaḷ.
A tomato juice, please.
தயவிட்டு ஒரு தக்காளிப்பழ ஜூஸ் கொடுங்கள்.
Tayaviṭṭu oru takkāḷippaḻa jūs koṭuṅkaḷ.
I’d like a glass of red wine.
எனக்கு ஒரு கிளாஸ் சிகப்பு வைன் வேண்டும்.
Eṉakku oru kiḷās cikappu vaiṉ vēṇṭum.
I’d like a glass of white wine.
எனக்கு ஒரு கிளாஸ் வெள்ளை வைன் வேண்டும்.
Eṉakku oru kiḷās veḷḷai vaiṉ vēṇṭum.
I’d like a bottle of champagne.
எனக்கு ஒரு பாட்டில் ஷாம்பேன் வேண்டும்.
Eṉakku oru pāṭṭil ṣāmpēṉ vēṇṭum.
Do you like fish?
உங்களுக்கு மீன் பிடிக்குமா?
Uṅkaḷukku mīṉ piṭikkumā?
Do you like beef?
உங்களுக்கு மாட்டிறைச்சி பிடிக்குமா?
Uṅkaḷukku māṭṭiṟaicci piṭikkumā?
Do you like pork?
உங்களுக்கு பன்றி இறைச்சி பிடிக்குமா?
Uṅkaḷukku paṉṟi iṟaicci piṭikkumā?
I’d like something without meat.
எனக்கு இறைச்சி இல்லாமல் உணவு வேண்டும்.
Eṉakku iṟaicci illāmal uṇavu vēṇṭum.
I’d like some mixed vegetables.
எனக்கு காய்கறி கலவை வேண்டும்.
Eṉakku kāykaṟi kalavai vēṇṭum.
I’d like something that won’t take much time.
அதிக சமயம் எடுக்காமல் இருக்கும் ஏதாவது வேண்டும்.
Atika camayam eṭukkāmal irukkum ētāvatu vēṇṭum.
Would you like that with rice?
அது உங்களுக்கு சாதத்துடன் வேண்டுமா?
Atu uṅkaḷukku cātattuṭaṉ vēṇṭumā?
Would you like that with pasta?
அது உங்களுக்கு நூடில்ஸுடன் வேண்டுமா?
Atu uṅkaḷukku nūṭilsuṭaṉ vēṇṭumā?
Would you like that with potatoes?
அது உங்களுக்கு உருளைக்கிழங்குடன் வேண்டுமா?
Atu uṅkaḷukku uruḷaikkiḻaṅkuṭaṉ vēṇṭumā?
That doesn’t taste good.
அதன் சுவை நன்றாக இல்லை.
Ataṉ cuvai naṉṟāka illai.
The food is cold.
சாப்பாடு ஆறி/ குளிர்ந்து இருக்கிறது.
Cāppāṭu āṟi/ kuḷirntu irukkiṟatu.
I didn’t order this.
நான் இந்த உணவுக்கு ஆர்டர் செய்யவில்லை.
Nāṉ inta uṇavukku ārṭar ceyyavillai.

Language and advertising

Advertising represents a specific form of communication. It wants to establish contact between producers and consumers. Like every type of communication, it too has a long history. Politicians or taverns were advertised as far back as the ancient times. The language of advertising uses specific elements of rhetoric. Because it has a goal, and is therefore a planned communication. We as consumers should be made aware; our interests have to be roused. However, above all we need to want the product and buy it. The language of advertising is typically very simple as a result. Only a few words and simple slogans are used. In this way our memory should be able to retain the content well. Certain types of words like adjectives and superlatives are common. They describe the product as especially beneficial. As a result, advertising language is usually very positive. Interestingly, advertising language is always influenced by culture. That is to say, the advertising language tells us a lot about societies. Today, terms like "beauty" and "youth" dominate in many countries. The words "future" and "safety" also appear often. Especially in western societies, English is popular. English is considered modern and international. For this reason it works well with technical products. Elements from Romance languages stand for indulgence and passion. It is popularly used for food or cosmetics. Those who use dialect want to emphasize values like homeland and tradition. Names of products are often neologisms, or newly created words. They typically have no meaning, just a pleasant sound. But some product names can really make a career! The name of a vacuum has even become a verb – to hoover!

Guess the language!

Dutch is a member of the West Germanic language family. That means that it is related to German and English. Dutch is the native language of about 25 million people. The majority of those people live in the Netherlands and Belgium. Dutch is also spoken in Indonesia and Suriname. This is due to the fact that the Netherlands used to be a colonial power. As a result, Dutch also formed the basis for several Creole languages. Even Afrikaans, spoken in South Africa, originated from Dutch.

It is the youngest member of the Germanic language family. Dutch is distinctive in that it contains many words from other languages. In the past, French had a very large influence on the language. German words are often adopted too. More and more English terms have been included over the past few centuries. As a result, some fear that Dutch will completely disappear in the future.

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