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13 [thirteen]



13 [பதிமூன்று]



What does Martha do?
மார்தா என்ன செய்கிறாள்?
mārtā eṉṉa ceykiṟāḷ?
She works at an office.
அவள் ஓர் அலுவலகத்தில் வேலை செய்கிறாள்.
Avaḷ ōr aluvalakattil vēlai ceykiṟāḷ.
She works on the computer.
அவள் கம்ப்யூடரில் வேலை செய்கிறாள்.
Avaḷ kampyūṭaril vēlai ceykiṟāḷ.
Where is Martha?
மார்தா எங்கு இருக்கிறாள்?
Mārtā eṅku irukkiṟāḷ?
At the cinema.
She is watching a film.
அவள் ஒரு திரைப்படம் பார்த்துக்கொண்டு இருக்கிறாள்.
Avaḷ oru tiraippaṭam pārttukkoṇṭu irukkiṟāḷ.
What does Peter do?
பீட்டர் என்ன செய்கிறான்?
Pīṭṭar eṉṉa ceykiṟāṉ?
He studies at the university.
அவன் பல்கலைக்கழகத்தில் படிக்கின்றான்.
Avaṉ palkalaikkaḻakattil paṭikkiṉṟāṉ.
He studies languages.
அவன் மொழிகள் பயில்கிறான்.
Avaṉ moḻikaḷ payilkiṟāṉ.
Where is Peter?
பீட்டர் எங்கு இருக்கிறான்?
Pīṭṭar eṅku irukkiṟāṉ?
At the café.
He is drinking coffee.
அவன் காப்பி குடித்துக்கொண்டு இருக்கிறான்.
Avaṉ kāppi kuṭittukkoṇṭu irukkiṟāṉ.
Where do they like to go?
அவர்களுக்கு எங்கு போக விருப்பம் (பிடிக்கும்)?
Avarkaḷukku eṅku pōka viruppam (piṭikkum)?
To a concert.
இசை அரங்கு நிகழ்ச்சிக்கு.
Icai araṅku nikaḻccikku.
They like to listen to music.
அவர்களுக்கு இசை கேட்க விருப்பம் (பிடிக்கும்).
Avarkaḷukku icai kēṭka viruppam (piṭikkum).
Where do they not like to go?
அவர்களுக்கு எங்கு போக பிடிக்காது?
Avarkaḷukku eṅku pōka piṭikkātu?
To the disco.
டிஸ்கோவிற்கு (மேல்நாட்டு நவீன நடன மன்றத்திற்கு).
Ṭiskōviṟku (mēlnāṭṭu navīṉa naṭaṉa maṉṟattiṟku).
They do not like to dance.
அவர்களுக்கு நடனமாட பிடிக்காது.
Avarkaḷukku naṭaṉamāṭa piṭikkātu.

Creole Languages

Did you know that German is spoken in the South Pacific? It's really true! In parts of Papua New Guinea and Australia, people speak Unserdeutsch. It is a Creole language. Creole languages emerge in language contact situations. That is, when multiple different languages encounter one another. By now, many Creole languages are almost extinct. But worldwide 15 million people still speak a Creole language. Creole languages are always native languages. It's different with Pidgin languages. Pidgin languages are very simplified forms of speech. They are only good for very basic communication. Most Creole languages originated in the colonial era. Therefore, Creole languages are often based on European languages. One characteristic of Creole languages is a limited vocabulary. Creole languages have their own phonology too. The grammar of Creole languages is heavily simplified. Complicated rules are simply ignored by the speakers. Each Creole language is an important component of national identity. As a result, there is a lot of literature written in Creole languages. Creole languages are especially interesting for linguists. This is because they demonstrate how languages develop and later die out. So the development of language can be studied in Creole languages. They also prove that languages can change and adapt. The discipline used to research Creole languages is Creolistics, or Creology. One of the best-known sentences in the Creole language comes from Jamaica. Bob Marley made it world famous – do you know it? It's No woman, no cry! (= No, woman, don't cry!)

Guess the language!

Finnish is the native language of approximately 5 million people. It is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is closely related to Estonian, and very distantly related to Hungarian. As a Uralic language, it strongly differentiates itself from the Indo-Germanic languages. An example of this is its agglutinating language structure. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixed syllables. This is how long words originate that are so typical for Finnish. Another hallmark of Finnish is its many vowels.

Finnish grammar distinguishes between 15 different cases. It is important to clearly separate long and short sounds in the intonation. Written and spoken Finnish are noticeably different from each other. This phenomenon is less pronounced in other European languages. All of this makes Finnish not especially easy. But all rules are consistently upheld. And the nice thing about Finnish is that it is so completely logical!


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