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76 [seventy-six]

giving reasons 2


೭೬ [ಎಪ್ಪತ್ತಾರು]

ಕಾರಣ ನೀಡುವುದು ೨


Why didn’t you come?
ನೀನು ಏಕೆ ಬರಲಿಲ್ಲ?
Nīnu ēke baralilla?
I was ill.
ನನಗೆ ಹುಷಾರು ಇರಲಿಲ್ಲ.
Nanage huṣāru iralilla.
I didn’t come because I was ill.
ನನಗೆ ಹುಷಾರು ಇರಲಿಲ್ಲ, ಆದುದರಿಂದ ನಾನು ಬರಲಿಲ್ಲ.
Nanage huṣāru iralilla, ādudarinda nānu baralilla.
Why didn’t she come?
ಅವಳು ಏಕೆ ಬಂದಿಲ್ಲ?
Avaḷu ēke bandilla?
She was tired.
ಅವಳು ದಣಿದಿದ್ದಾಳೆ.
Avaḷu daṇididdāḷe.
She didn’t come because she was tired.
ಅವಳು ದಣಿದಿದ್ದಾಳೆ, ಆದುದರಿಂದ ಬಂದಿಲ್ಲ.
Avaḷu daṇididdāḷe, ādudarinda bandilla.
Why didn’t he come?
ಅವನು ಏಕೆ ಬಂದಿಲ್ಲ?
Avanu ēke bandilla?
He wasn’t interested.
ಅವನಿಗೆ ಇಷ್ಟವಿರಲಿಲ್ಲ.
Avanige iṣṭaviralilla.
He didn’t come because he wasn’t interested.
ಅವನಿಗೆ ಇಷ್ಟವಿರಲಿಲ್ಲ, ಆದುದರಿಂದ ಬಂದಿಲ್ಲ.
Avanige iṣṭaviralilla, ādudarinda bandilla.
Why didn’t you come?
ನೀವುಗಳು ಏಕೆ ಬರಲಿಲ್ಲ?
Nīvugaḷu ēke baralilla?
Our car is damaged.
ನಮ್ಮ ಕಾರ್ ಕೆಟ್ಟಿದೆ.
Nam'ma kār keṭṭide.
We didn’t come because our car is damaged.
ನಮ್ಮ ಕಾರ್ ಕೆಟ್ಟಿರುವುದರಿಂದ ನಾವು ಬರಲಿಲ್ಲ.
Nam'ma kār keṭṭiruvudarinda nāvu baralilla.
Why didn’t the people come?
ಅವರುಗಳು ಏಕೆ ಬಂದಿಲ್ಲ?
Avarugaḷu ēke bandilla?
They missed the train.
ಅವರಿಗೆ ರೈಲು ತಪ್ಪಿ ಹೋಯಿತು.
Avarige railu tappi hōyitu.
They didn’t come because they missed the train.
ಅವರಿಗೆ ರೈಲು ತಪ್ಪಿ ಹೋಗಿದ್ದರಿಂದ ಅವರು ಬಂದಿಲ್ಲ.
Avarige railu tappi hōgiddarinda avaru bandilla.
Why didn’t you come?
ನೀನು ಏಕೆ ಬರಲಿಲ್ಲ?
Nīnu ēke baralilla?
I was not allowed to.
ನನಗೆ ಬರಲು ಅನುಮತಿ ಇರಲಿಲ್ಲ.
Nanage baralu anumati iralilla.
I didn’t come because I was not allowed to.
ನನಗೆ ಬರಲು ಅನುಮತಿ ಇರಲಿಲ್ಲ, ಆದ್ದರಿಂದ ಬರಲಿಲ್ಲ.
Nanage baralu anumati iralilla, āddarinda baralilla.

The indigenous languages of America

Many different languages are spoken in America. English is the main language in North America. Spanish and Portuguese dominate in South America. All of these languages came to America from Europe. Before colonization, other languages were spoken there. These languages are known as the indigenous languages of America. Until today, they haven't been explored substantially. The variety of these languages is enormous. It is estimated that there are about 60 language families in North America. In South America there could even be as many as 150. Additionally, there are many isolated languages. All of these languages are very different. They exhibit only a few common structures. Therefore, it is difficult to classify the languages. The reason for their differences lies in the history of America. America was colonized in several stages. The first people came to America over more than 10,000 years ago. Each population brought its language to the continent. The indigenous languages are most similar to Asian languages. The situation regarding America's ancient languages isn't the same everywhere. Many Native American languages are still in use in South America. Languages like Guarani or Quechua have millions of active speakers. By contrast, many languages in North America are almost extinct. The culture of the Native Americans of North America was long oppressed. In the process, their languages were lost. But interest in them has increased in the last few decades. There are many programs that aim to nurture and protect the languages. So they could have a future after all…

Guess the language!

The Japanese language is surely one of the most fascinating. Many people find the writing system especially interesting. It is comprised of Chinese symbols and two syllabaries. Another characteristic of Japanese is that it has many dialects. These differ from one another significantly in some cases. Thus it is possible that two speakers from different regions do not understand each other. Japanese has a melodic accent. If a word needs to be emphasized it is not spoken louder.

The pitches of the sounds are varied. Approximately 130 million people speak Japanese. Naturally, the majority of those live in Japan. There are also large groups of Japanese speakers in Brazil and North America. They are the descendants of Japanese emigrants. There are relatively few true second language speakers. That is exactly what should motivate us to learn this exciting language!

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