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79 [seventy-nine]

Adjectives 2

 


79 [յոթանասունինը]

ածականներ 2

 

 
I am wearing a blue dress.
Ես կապույտ զգեստ եմ հագել:
Yes kapuyt zgest yem hagel
I am wearing a red dress.
Ես կարմիր զգեստ եմ հագել:
Yes karmir zgest yem hagel
I am wearing a green dress.
Ես կանաչ զգեստ եմ հագել:
Yes kanach’ zgest yem hagel
 
 
 
 
I’m buying a black bag.
Ես սև պայուսակ եմ գնում:
Yes sev payusak yem gnum
I’m buying a brown bag.
Ես մոխրագույն պայուսակ եմ գնում:
Yes mokhraguyn payusak yem gnum
I’m buying a white bag.
Ես սպիտակ պայուսակ եմ գնում:
Yes spitak payusak yem gnum
 
 
 
 
I need a new car.
Ինձ նոր մեքենա է հարկավոր:
Indz nor mek’yena e harkavor
I need a fast car.
Ինձ արագ մեքենա է հարկավոր:
Indz arag mek’yena e harkavor
I need a comfortable car.
Ինձ հարմարավետ մեքենա է հարկավոր:
Indz harmaravet mek’yena e harkavor
 
 
 
 
An old lady lives at the top.
Վերևում մի ծեր կին է ապրում:
Verevum mi tser kin e aprum
A fat lady lives at the top.
Վերևում մի գեր կին է ապրում:
Verevum mi ger kin e aprum
A curious lady lives below.
Վերևում մի հետաքրքրասեր կին է ապրում:
Verevum mi hetak’rk’raser kin e aprum
 
 
 
 
Our guests were nice people.
Մեր հյուրերը հաճելի մարդիկ են:
Mer hyurery hacheli mardik yen
Our guests were polite people.
Մեր հյուրերը բարեհամբույր մարդիկ են:
Mer hyurery barehambuyr mardik yen
Our guests were interesting people.
Մեր հյուրերը հետաքրքիր մարդիկ են:
Mer hyurery hetak’rk’ir mardik yen
 
 
 
 
I have lovely children.
Ես լավ երեխաներ ունեմ:
Yes lav yerekhaner unem
But the neighbours have naughty children.
Բայց հարևանները անհնազանդ երեխաներ ունեն:
Bayts’ harevannery anhnazand yerekhaner unen
Are your children well behaved?
Ձեր երեխաները խիզա՞խ են:
Dzer yerekhanery khiza՞kh yen
 
 
 
 


One language, many varieties

Even if we only speak one language, we speak many languages. For no language is a self-contained system. Every language shows many different dimensions. Language is a living system. Speakers always orient themselves towards their conversation partners. Therefore, people vary the language they speak. These varieties appear in various forms. For example, every language has a history. It has changed and will continue to change. This can be recognized in the fact that old people speak differently than young people. There are also various dialects in most languages. However, many dialect speakers can adapt to their environment. In certain situations they speak the standard language. Different social groups have different languages. Youth language or hunter's jargon are examples of this. Most people speak differently at work than they do at home. Many also use a professional jargon at work. Differences also appear in spoken and written language. Spoken language is typically much simpler than written. The difference can be quite large. This is the case when written languages don't change for a long time. Speakers then must learn to use the language in written form first. The language of women and men is often different as well. This difference isn't that great in western societies. But there are countries in which women speak much more differently than men. In some cultures, politeness has its own linguistic form. Speaking is therefore not at all so easy! We have to pay attention to many different things at the same time…

Guess the language!

Korean is spoken by approximately 75 million people. These people mainly live in North and South Korea. However, there are also Korean minorities in China and Japan. It is still debated as to which language family Korean belongs. The fact that Korea is divided is also noticeable in the language of the two countries. South Korea, for example, adopts many words from English. North Koreans often do not understand these words. The standard languages of both countries are based on the dialects of their respective capital cities.

Another feature of the Korean language is its preciseness. For example, the language indicates which relationship speakers have to one another. That means there are a great deal of polite forms of address and many different terms for relatives. The Korean writing system is a letter system. Individual letters are combined as syllables in imaginary squares. Especially interesting are the consonants that function as pictures through their shape. They show which position mouth, tongue, palate and throat have in the pronunciation.

 


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book2 English UK - Armenian for beginners