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54 [fifty-four]

Shopping

 


54 [հիսունչորս]

գնումներ

 

 
I want to buy a present.
Ես ուզում եմ մի նվեր գնել:
Yes uzum yem mi nver gnel
But nothing too expensive.
Բայց ոչ թանկ:
Bayts’ voch’ t’ank
Maybe a handbag?
Միգուցե մի պայուսա՞կ:
Miguts’ye mi payusa՞k
 
 
 
 
Which color would you like?
Ո՞ր գույնն եք ուզում:
VO՞r guynn yek’ uzum
Black, brown or white?
Սև՞, մոխրագու՞յն, թե՞ սպիտակ:
Sev՞, mokhragu՞yn, t’ye՞ spitak
A large one or a small one?
Փո՞քր թե մե՞ծ:
P’vo՞k’r t’ye me՞ts
 
 
 
 
May I see this one, please?
Կարելի՞ է սա տեսնեմ:
Kareli՞ e sa tesnem
Is it made of leather?
Սա կաշվի՞ց է:
Sa kashvi՞ts’ e
Or is it made of plastic?
Թե՞ արհեստական կաշվից:
T’ye՞ arhestakan kashvits’
 
 
 
 
Of leather, of course.
Կաշվե իհարկե:
Kashve iharke
This is very good quality.
Սա հատկապես լավ որակի է:
Sa hatkapes lav voraki e
And the bag is really very reasonable.
Եվ պայուսակը իսկապես շատ էժան է:
Yev payusaky iskapes shat ezhan e
 
 
 
 
I like it.
Սա ինձ դուր է գալիս:
Sa indz dur e galis
I’ll take it.
Սա վերցնում եմ:
Sa verts’num yem
Can I exchange it if needed?
Կարո՞ղ եմ փոխանակել:
Karo՞gh yem p’vokhanakel
 
 
 
 
Of course.
Իհարկե:
Iharke
We’ll gift wrap it.
Մենք որպես նվեր կփաթեթավորենք:
Menk’ vorpes nver kp’at’yet’avorenk’
The cashier is over there.
Այնտեղ դրամարկղն է:
Ayntegh dramarkghn e
 
 
 
 


Who understands whom?

There are about 7 billion people in the world. They all have a language. Unfortunately, it's not always the same. So in order to speak with other nations, we must learn languages. That is often very arduous. But there are languages that are very similar. Their speakers understand one another, without mastering the other language. This phenomenon is called mutual intelligibility. Whereby two variants are distinguished. The first variant is oral mutual intelligibility. Here, the speakers understand each other when they talk. They do not understand the written form of the other language, however. This is because the languages have different written forms. Examples of this are the languages Hindi and Urdu. Written mutual intelligibility is the second variant. In this case, the other language is understood in its written form. But the speakers do not understand each other when they speak to each other. The reason for this is that they have very different pronunciation. German and Dutch are examples of this. The most closely related languages contain both variants. Meaning they are mutually intelligible both orally and in written form. Russian and Ukrainian or Thai and Laotian are examples. But there is also an asymmetrical form of mutual intelligibility. That is the case when speakers have different levels of understanding each other. Portuguese understand Spanish better than the Spanish understand Portuguese. Austrians also understand Germans better than the other way around. In these examples, pronunciation or dialect is a hindrance. He who really wants to have good conversations must learn something new…

AF Afrikaans is one of the eleven official languages of South Africa. It was the language of the Boers. They settled in Africa during colonial times. Its origins can be traced to 17th century Dutch. Therefore, it belongs to the West Germanic language family. The language has naturally changed over time. The grammar of Afrikaans is simpler than that of Dutch today.

It also contains many elements that were borrowed from English. This is because the British also had colonies in the region. Afrikaans is not only understood in South Africa, though. It is also spoken in Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Botswana. It is estimated that in total more than 20 million people understand Afrikaans. It is the native language of 7 million people in South Africa alone. Even more people speak Afrikaans as their second or third language. A person can get around easily in many regions of Africa with Afrikaans. Therefore it is worth it to learn this relatively simple language!

 


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book2 English UK - Armenian for beginners