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15 [fifteen]

Fruits and food

 


15 [տասնհինգ]

մրգեր և սննդամթերք

 

 
I have a strawberry.
Ես մի ելակ ունեմ:
Yes mi yelak unem
I have a kiwi and a melon.
Ես ունեմ մի կիվի և մի սեխ:
Yes unem mi kivi yev mi sekh
I have an orange and a grapefruit.
Ես ունեմ մի նարինջ և մի գրեպֆրութ:
Yes unem mi narinj yev mi grepfrut’
 
 
 
 
I have an apple and a mango.
Ես ունեմ մի խնձոր և մի մանգո:
Yes unem mi khndzor yev mi mango
I have a banana and a pineapple.
Ես ունեմ մի բանան և մի արքայախնձոր:
Yes unem mi banan yev mi ark’ayakhndzor
I am making a fruit salad.
Ես մրգային սալաթ եմ պատրաստում:
Yes mrgayin salat’ yem patrastum
 
 
 
 
I am eating toast.
Ես մի տոստ եմ ուտում:
Yes mi tost yem utum
I am eating toast with butter.
Ես ուտում եմ տոստը կարագով:
Yes utum yem tosty karagov
I am eating toast with butter and jam.
Ես ուտում եմ տոստը կարագով և ջեմով:
Yes utum yem tosty karagov yev jemov
 
 
 
 
I am eating a sandwich.
Ես ուտում եմ սենդվիչ:
Yes utum yem sendvich’
I am eating a sandwich with margarine.
Ես ուտում եմ մի սենդվիչ մարգարինով:
Yes utum yem mi sendvich’ margarinov
I am eating a sandwich with margarine and tomatoes.
Ես ուտում եմ մի սենդվիչ մարգարինով և պոմիդորով:
Yes utum yem mi sendvich’ margarinov yev pomidorov
 
 
 
 
We need bread and rice.
Մեզ պետք է հաց և բրինձ:
Mez petk’ e hats’ yev brindz
We need fish and steaks.
Մեզ պետք է ձուկ և բիֆշտեքս:
Mez petk’ e dzuk yev bifshtek’s
We need pizza and spaghetti.
Մեզ պետք է պիցցա և սպագետտի:
Mez petk’ e pits’ts’a yev spagetti
 
 
 
 
What else do we need?
ՈՒրիշ ի՞նչ է մեզ հարկավոր:
Urish i՞nch’ e mez harkavor
We need carrots and tomatoes for the soup.
Մեզ ապուրի համար գազար և պոմիդոր է պետք:
Mez apuri hamar gazar yev pomidor e petk’
Where is the supermarket?
Ո՞րտեղ կա սուպերմարկետ (խանութ):
VO՞rtegh ka supermarket (khanut’)
 
 
 
 


Media and language

Our language is also influenced by media. New media play an especially large role here. A whole language has emerged from text messages, email and chatting. This media language is of course different in every country. Certain characteristics, however, are found in all media languages. Above all, speed is important for us users. Although we write, we want to generate a live communication. Meaning, we want to exchange information as quickly as possible. So we simulate a real conversation. In this way, our language has developed a verbal character. Words or sentences are often shortened. Grammar and punctuation rules are generally ignored. Our spelling is looser, and prepositions are often missing completely. Feelings are only seldom expressed in media language. Here we prefer to use so-called emoticons. These are symbols that are meant to indicate what we're feeling at the moment. There are also distinct codes for texting and a slang for chat communication. Media language is therefore a very reduced language. But it is used by all (users) in a similar way. Studies show that education or intellect doesn't make a difference. Young people especially like using media language. That's why critics believe that our language is in danger. Science sees the phenomenon less pessimistically. Because children can differentiate when and how they should write. Experts believe that the new media language even has advantages. Because it can promote children's language skills and creativity. And: More is being written today – not letters, but emails! We're happy about this!

Guess the language!

******an is spoken by approximately 4 million people. ******an is counted among the southern Caucasian languages. It is written in its own semiotic system, the ******an alphabet. This writing system has 33 letters. They have the same sequence as the Greek alphabet. However, the ******an writing system is most likely derived from that of the Aramaic language. In ******an it is typical to have many consonants follow each other. Many ******an words are therefore difficult for foreigners to pronounce.

The grammar is also not very easy. It contains many elements that do not exist in any other language. ******an vocabulary reveals a lot about the history of the Caucasus. It contains many words that were adopted from other languages. Among them are Greek, Persian, Arabic, Russian and Turkish. But the special thing about ******an is its long tradition. ******an is among the oldest living languages of the civilized world!

 


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