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97 [ninety-seven]

Conjunctions 4

 


‫97 [ستانوے]‬

‫حرف ربط 4‬

 

 
He fell asleep although the TV was on.
‫وہ سو گیا حالانکہ ٹی وی چل رہا تھا -‬
woh so gaya halaank TV khula howa tha -
He stayed a while although it was late.
‫وہ اور رک گیا حالانکہ کافی دیر ہو گئی تھی -‬
woh aur ruk gaya halaank kaafi der ho gayi thi -
He didn’t come although we had made an appointment.
‫وہ نہیں آیا حالانکہ ہمارے ملنے کا وقت طے ہوا تھا -‬
woh nahi aaya halaank hamaray milnay ka waqt tay howa tha -
 
 
 
 
The TV was on. Nevertheless, he fell asleep.
‫ٹی وی چل رہا تھا اس کے باوجود وہ سو گیا -‬
TV khula tha- is ke bawajood woh so gaya -
It was already late. Nevertheless, he stayed a while.
‫کافی دیر ہو گئی تھی اس کے باوجود وہ رک گیا -‬
kaafi der ho gayi thi is ke bawajood woh ruk gaya -
We had made an appointment. Nevertheless, he didn’t come.
‫ہمارے ملنے کا وقت طے ہوا تھا اس کے با وجود وہ نہیں آیا -‬
hamaray milnay ka waqt tay howa tha is ke ba wujood woh nahi aaya -
 
 
 
 
Although he has no license, he drives the car.
‫حالانکہ اس کے پاس کوئی ڈرائیونگ لائسنس نہیں ہے وہ گاڑی چلا رہا ہے -‬
halaank is ke paas koi driving licence nahi hai, woh gaari chlarha hai -
Although the road is slippery, he drives so fast.
‫حالانکہ سڑک پر پھسلن ہے وہ تیز چلا رہا ہے -‬
halaank sarrak par phislan hai, woh taiz chlarha hai -
Although he is drunk, he rides his bicycle.
‫حالانکہ وہ نشے میں ہے وہ سائیکل چلا رہا ہے -‬
halaank woh nashay mein hai, woh cycle chala raha hai -
 
 
 
 
Despite having no licence / license (am.), he drives the car.
‫اس کے پاس ڈرائیونگ لائیسنس نہیں ہے اس کے باوجود وہ گاڑی چلا رہا ہے -‬
is ke paas driving layisns nahi hai - is ke bawajood woh gaari chala raha hai -
Despite the road being slippery, he drives fast.
‫سڑک پر پھسلن ہے – اس کے باوجود وہ تیز چلا رہا ہے -‬
sarrak par phislan hai is ke bawajood woh taiz chala raha hai -
Despite being drunk, he rides the bike.
‫وہ نشے میں ہے اس کے با وجود وہ سائیکل چلا رہا ہے -‬
woh nashay mein hai is ke ba wujood woh cycle chala raha hai -
 
 
 
 
Although she went to college, she can’t find a job.
‫اسے نوکری نہیں مل رہی ہے حالانکہ اس نے تعلیم حاصل کی ہے -‬
usay nokari nahi mil rahi hai halaank is ne taleem haasil ki hai -
Although she is in pain, she doesn’t go to the doctor.
‫وہ ڈاکٹر کے پاس نہیں جارہی ہے حالانکہ اسے درد ہو رہا ہے -‬
woh dr ke paas nahi jarahi hai halaank usay dard ho raha hai -
Although she has no money, she buys a car.
‫وہ گاڑی خرید رہی ہے حالانکہ اس کے پاس پیسے نہیں ہیں -‬
woh gaari khareed rahi hai halaank is ke paas paisay nahi hain -
 
 
 
 
She went to college. Nevertheless, she can’t find a job.
‫اس نے تعلیم حاصل کی ہے اس کے باوجود اسے کام نہیں مل رہا ہے -‬
is ne taleem haasil ki hai is ke bawajood usay kaam nahi mil raha hai -
She is in pain. Nevertheless, she doesn’t go to the doctor.
‫اسے درد ہو رہا ہے اس کے باوجود وہ ڈاکٹر کے پاس نہیں جا رہی ہے -‬
usay dard ho raha hai is ke bawajood woh dr ke paas nahi ja rahi hai -
She has no money. Nevertheless, she buys a car.
‫اس کے پاس پیسے نہیں ہیں اس کے باوجود وہ گاڑی خرید رہی ہے -‬
is ke paas paisay nahi hin- is ke bawajood woh gaari khareed rahi hai -
 
 
 
 
 


Young people learn differently than older people

Children learn language relatively quickly. It typically takes longer for adults. But children don't learn better than adults. They just learn differently. When learning languages, the brain has to accomplish quite a lot. It has to learn multiple things simultaneously. When a person is learning a language, it's not enough to just think about it. He must also learn how to say the new words. For that, the speech organs must learn new movements. The brain must also learn to react to new situations. It is a challenge to communicate in a foreign language. Adults learn languages differently in every period of life, however. With 20 or 30 years of age, people still have a learning routine. School or studying isn't that far in the past. Therefore, the brain is well trained. As a result it can learn foreign languages at a very high level. People between the ages of 40 and 50 have already learned a lot. Their brain profits from this experience. It can combine new content with old knowledge well. At this age it learns best the things with which it is already familiar. That is, for example, languages that are similar to languages learned earlier in life. With 60 or 70 years of age, people typically have a lot of time. They can practice often. That is especially important with languages. Older people learn foreign writing especially well, for example. One can learn successfully at every age. The brain can still build new nerve cells after puberty. And it enjoys doing so…

Guess the language!

******ian is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is the native language of about 2 million people. These people live in ******ia, Croatia, Serbia, Austria, Italy and Hungary. ******ian is similar in many ways to Czech and ****akian. Many influences from Serbo-Croatian can also be seen. Although ******ia is a small country, many different dialects exist there. This is due to the fact that the language region looks back at a checkered history. This manifests itself in the vocabulary too, as it contains many foreign language terms.

******ian is written with Latin letters. The grammar distinguishes six cases and three genders. There are two official phonologies in the pronunciation. One of them differentiates precisely between high and low sounds. Another peculiarity of the language is its archaic structure. ******ians have always been very open with respect to other languages. So they are even happier when someone is interested in their language!

 


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book2 English US - Urdu for beginners