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96 [ninety-six]

Conjunctions 3

 


‫96 [چھیانوے]‬

‫حرف ربط 3‬

 

 
I get up as soon as the alarm rings.
‫جیسے ہی آلارم بجے گا میں اٹھ جاوں گا -‬
jaisay hi alarm bajay ga mein uth jaun ga -
I become tired as soon as I have to study.
‫جیسے ہی میں پڑھنا چاہتا ہوں میں تھک جاتا ہوں -‬
jaisay hi mein parhna chahta hon mein thak jata hon -
I will stop working as soon as I am 60.
‫جیسے ہی میں ساٹھ برس کا ہوں گا کام کرنا چھوڑ دوں گا -‬
jaisay hi mein saath baras ka hon ga kaam karna chhorr dun ga -
 
 
 
 
When will you call?
‫آپ کب ٹیلیفون کریں گے ؟‬
aap kab telephone karen ge?
As soon as I have a moment.
‫جیسے ہی مجھے وقت ملے گا -‬
jaisay hi mujhe waqt milay ga -
He’ll call, as soon as he has a little time.
‫جیسے ہی اس کے پاس کچھ وقت ہو گا وہ ٹیلیفون کرے گا -‬
jaisay hi is ke paas kuch waqt ho ga woh telephone kare ga -
 
 
 
 
How long will you work?
‫آپ کب تک کام کریں گے ؟‬
aap kab tak kaam karen ge?
I’ll work as long as I can.
‫جب تک کر سکتا ہوں میں کام کروں گا -‬
mein kaam karoon ga jab tak kar sakta hon -
I’ll work as long as I am healthy.
‫میں کام کروں گا - جب تک صحت مند ہوں‬
mein kaam karoon ga jab tak sehat mand hon -
 
 
 
 
He lies in bed instead of working.
‫کام کرنے کی بجائے وہ بستر پر پڑا ہے -‬
kaam karne ke bajaye woh bistar par para hai -
She reads the newspaper instead of cooking.
‫کھانا پکانے کی بجائے وہ اخبار پڑھ رہی ہے -‬
khana pakanay ke bajaye woh akhbar parh rahi hai -
He is at the bar instead of going home.
‫گھر جانے کی بجائے وہ پب / شراب خانے میں بیٹھا ہے -‬
ghar jane ke bajaye woh pub mein betha hai -
 
 
 
 
As far as I know, he lives here.
‫جہاں تک مجھے معلوم ہے وہ یہاں رہتا ہے -‬
jahan tak mujhe maloom hai woh yahan rehta hai -
As far as I know, his wife is ill.
‫جہاں تک مجھے معلوم ہے اس کی بیوی بیمار ہے -‬
jahan tak mujhe maloom hai is ki biwi bemaar hai -
As far as I know, he is unemployed.
‫جہاں تک مجھے معلوم ہے اس کے پاس کام نہیں ہے -‬
jahan tak mujhe maloom hai is ke paas kaam nahi hai -
 
 
 
 
I overslept; otherwise I’d have been on time.
‫میں سو یا ہوا تھا نہیں تو میں وقت پر آ جاتا -‬
mein so ya howa tha nahi to mein waqt par aa jata -
I missed the bus; otherwise I’d have been on time.
‫میری بس چھوٹ گئی تھی نہیں تو میں وقت پر آ جاتا -‬
meri bas chhuut gayi thi nahi to mein waqt par aa jata -
I didn’t find the way / I got lost; otherwise I’d have been on time.
‫مجھے راستہ نہیں ملا تھا نہیں تو میں وقت پر آ جاتا -‬
mujhe rasta nahi mila tha nahi to mein waqt par aa jata -
 
 
 
 
 


Language and math

Thinking and speech go together. They influence one another. Linguistic structures influence the structures of our thinking. In some languages, for example, there are no words for numbers. The speakers do not understand the concept of numbers. So math and language also go together in some way. Grammatical and mathematical structures are often similar. Some researchers believe that they are also processed similarly. They believe that the speech center is also responsible for math. It can help the brain to perform calculations. Recent studies are coming to another conclusion, however. They show that our brain processes math without speech. Researchers studied three men. The brains of these test subjects were injured. As a result, the speech center was also damaged. The men had big problems with speaking. They could no longer formulate simple sentences. They couldn't understand words either. After the speech test the men had to solve math problems. A few of these mathematical puzzles were very complex. Even so, the test subjects could solve them! The results of this study are very interesting. They show that math is not encoded with words. It's possible that language and math have the same basis. Both are processed from the same center. But math doesn't have to be translated into speech first. Perhaps language and math develop together too... Then when the brain has finished developing, they exist separately!

Guess the language!

______ian is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 5 million people. It is very closely related to the neighboring Czech. This is due to their mutual past in former Czecho______ia. The vocabulary of the two languages is largely identical. The differences are primarily in the phonology. ______ian emerged in the 10th century in the form of multiple dialects. It was then influenced by neighboring languages over a long period of time.

Today's standard language was not established until the 19th century. Some elements could thus be simplified compared to those in Czech. The many different dialects have been upheld until today though. ______ian is written with the Latin alphabet. And it is the language that is easiest to understand for other Slavic speakers. It could be said that ______ian is a type of intermediate language in the Slavic region. This is a good reason to grapple with this beautiful language.

 


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