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93 [ninety-three]

Subordinate clauses: if

 


93 [тIокIиплIырэ пшIыкIущырэ]

ГущыIэухыгъэ гуадзэхэр 3

 

 
I don’t know if he loves me.
ШIу селъэгъу Iоу сшIэрэп.
ShIu seljegu Iou sshIjerjep.
I don’t know if he’ll come back.
Къыгъэзэжьын Iоу сшIэрэп.
Kygjezjezh'yn Iou sshIjerjep.
I don’t know if he’ll call me.
Къысфытеон Iоу сшIэрэп.
Kysfyteon Iou sshIjerjep.
 
 
 
 
Maybe he doesn’t love me?
ШIу селъэгъуа шъуIа?
ShIu seljegua shuIa?
Maybe he won’t come back?
Къыгъэзэжьына шъуIа?
Kygjezjezh'yna shuIa?
Maybe he won’t call me?
ТелефонкIэ къысфытеона шъуIа?
TelefonkIje kysfyteona shuIa?
 
 
 
 
I wonder if he thinks about me.
СызэупчIыжьы, къысэгупшыса шъуIа.
SyzjeupchIyzh'y, kysjegupshysa shuIa.
I wonder if he has someone else.
СызэупчIыжьы, сэщ нэмыкI иI шъуIа.
SyzjeupchIyzh'y, sjeshh njemykI iI shuIa.
I wonder if he lies.
СызэупчIыжьы, сыкъегъапцIа шъуIа.
SyzjeupchIyzh'y, sykegapcIa shuIa.
 
 
 
 
Maybe he thinks of me?
Къысэгупшыса шъуIа?
Kysjegupshysa shuIa?
Maybe he has someone else?
Сэщ нэмыкI иIа шъуIа?
Sjeshh njemykI iIa shuIa?
Maybe he tells me the truth?
Шъыпкъэр къысеIуа шъуIа?
Shypkjer kyseIua shuIa?
 
 
 
 
I doubt whether he really likes me.
Сехъырэхъышэ, шъыпкъэу ыгу сырехьа шъуIа.
Sehyrjehyshje, shypkjeu ygu syreh'a shuIa.
I doubt whether he’ll write to me.
Сехъырэхъышэ, къысфэтхэна шъуIа.
Sehyrjehyshje, kysfjethjena shuIa.
I doubt whether he’ll marry me.
Сехъырэхъышэ, сищэна шъуIа.
Sehyrjehyshje, sishhjena shuIa.
 
 
 
 
Does he really like me?
Шъыпкъэу ыгу сырехьа шъуIа?
Shypkjeu ygu syreh'a shuIa?
Will he write to me?
Къысфэтхэна шъуIа?
Kysfjethjena shuIa?
Will he marry me?
Сищэна шъуIа?
Sishhjena shuIa?
 
 
 
 

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How does the brain learn grammar?

We begin to learn our native language as babies. This happens automatically. We are not aware of it. Our brain has to accomplish a great deal when learning, however. When we learn grammar, for example, it has a lot of work to do. Every day it hears new things. It receives new stimuli constantly. The brain can't process every stimulus individually, however. It has to act economically. Therefore, it orients itself toward regularity. The brain remembers what it hears often. It registers how often a specific thing occurs. Then it makes a grammatical rule out of these examples. Children know whether a sentence is correct or not. However, they don't know why that is. Their brain knows the rules without having learned them. Adults learn languages differently. They already know the structures of their native language. These build the basis for the new grammatical rules. But in order to learn, adults need teaching. When the brain learns grammar, it has a fixed system. This can be seen with nouns and verbs, for example. They are stored in different regions of the brain. Different areas of the brain are active when processing them. Simple rules are also learned differently than complex rules. With complex rules, more areas of the brain work together. How exactly the brain learns grammar hasn't been researched yet. However, we know that it can theoretically learn every grammar rule…

 


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book2 English US - Adyghe for beginners