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92 [ninety-two]

Subordinate clauses: that 2

 


92 [тIокIиплIырэ пшIыкIутIурэ]

ГущыIэухыгъэ гуадзэхэр 2

 

 
I’m angry that you snore.
Узэpэпырхъэрэр сыгу тефэрэп.
Uzjepjepyrhjerjer sygu tefjerjep.
I’m angry that you drink so much beer.
Пивэ бащэ зэрипшъурэр сыгу тефэрэп.
Pivje bashhje zjeripshurjer sygu tefjerjep.
I’m angry that you come so late.
КIасэу укъызэрэхэкIыжьрэр сыгу тефэрэп.
KIasjeu ukyzjerjehjekIyzh'rjer sygu tefjerjep.
 
 
 
 
I think he needs a doctor.
Сенэгуе, ащ врач ищыкIагъ.
Senjegue, ashh vrach ishhykIag.
I think he is ill.
Сенэгуе, ар сымадж.
Senjegue, ar symadzh.
I think he is sleeping now.
Сенэгуе, ар джыдэдэм мэчъые.
Senjegue, ar dzhydjedjem mjechye.
 
 
 
 
We hope that he marries our daughter.
Типшъашъэ ыщэнэу тэгугъэ.
Tipshashje yshhjenjeu tjegugje.
We hope that he has a lot of money.
Ахъщэ ихъоеу тэгугъэ.
Ahshhje ihoeu tjegugje.
We hope that he is a millionaire.
Ар миллионерэу тэгугъэ.
Ar millionerjeu tjegugje.
 
 
 
 
I heard that your wife had an accident.
Сэ уишъхьэгъусэ (уишъуз) тхьамыкIагъо къехъулIагъэу зэхэсхыгъ.
Sje uishh'jegusje (uishuz) th'amykIago kehulIagjeu zjehjeshyg.
I heard that she is in the hospital.
Сэ ар сымэджэщым чIэлъэу зэхэсхыгъ.
Sje ar symjedzhjeshhym chIjeljeu zjehjeshyg.
I heard that your car is completely wrecked.
Сэ уимашинэ Iаеу зэхэкъутагъэу зэхэсхыгъ.
Sje uimashinje Iaeu zjehjekutagjeu zjehjeshyg.
 
 
 
 
I’m happy that you came.
ШъукъызэрэкIуагъэр сигуапэ.
ShukyzjerjekIuagjer siguapje.
I’m happy that you are interested.
ЗэрэшъушIогъэшIэгъоныр сигуапэ.
ZjerjeshushIogjeshIjegonyr siguapje.
I’m happy that you want to buy the house.
Унэр шъущэфы зэрэшъушIоигъор сигуапэ.
Unjer shushhjefy zjerjeshushIoigor siguapje.
 
 
 
 
I’m afraid the last bus has already gone.
Аужырэ автобусыр IукIыгъахэу сегуцафэ.
Auzhyrje avtobusyr IukIygahjeu segucafje.
I’m afraid we will have to take a taxi.
Такси тштэн фаеу хъунэу сегуцафэ.
Taksi tshtjen faeu hunjeu segucafje.
I’m afraid I have no more money.
Ахъщэ къызыдэсымыштагъэу сегуцафэ.
Ahshhje kyzydjesymyshtagjeu segucafje.
 
 
 
 
 

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From gestures to speech

When we speak or listen, our brain has a lot to do. It has to process the linguistic signals. Gestures and symbols are linguistic signals too. They existed even before human speech. Some symbols are understood in all cultures. Others have to be learned. They can't be understood just by looking at them. Gestures and symbols are processed like speech. And they are processed in the same area of the brain! A new study has proven this. Researchers tested several test subjects. These test subjects had to view various video clips. While they were watching the clips, their brain activity was measured. In one group, the clips expressed various things. These occurred through movements, symbols and speech. The other test group watched different video clips. These videos were nonsense clips. Speech, gestures and symbols didn't exist. They had no meaning. In the measurements, the researchers saw what was processed where. They could compare the brain activity of the test subjects. Everything that had meaning was analyzed in the same area. The results of this experiment are very interesting. They show how our brain has learned language over time. At first, man communicated with gestures. Later he developed a language. The brain had to learn, therefore, to process speech like gestures. And evidently it simply updated the old version …

 


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