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68 [sixty-eight]

big – small


68 [அறுபத்து எட்டு]



big and small
பெரியதும் சிறியதும்
periyatum ciṟiyatum
The elephant is big.
யானை பெரியது.
yāṉai periyatu.
The mouse is small.
சுண்டெலி சிறியது.
Cuṇṭeli ciṟiyatu.
dark and bright
இருட்டும் வெளிச்சமும்
Iruṭṭum veḷiccamum
The night is dark.
இரவு இருட்டாக இருக்கிறது.
iravu iruṭṭāka irukkiṟatu.
The day is bright.
பகல் வெளிச்சமாக இருக்கிறது.
Pakal veḷiccamāka irukkiṟatu.
old and young
முதுமையும் இளமையும்
Mutumaiyum iḷamaiyum
Our grandfather is very old.
நமது தாத்தா முதுமையானவர்.
namatu tāttā mutumaiyāṉavar.
70 years ago he was still young.
எழுபது வருடத்திற்கு முன்பு அவர் இளமையாக இருந்தார்.
Eḻupatu varuṭattiṟku muṉpu avar iḷamaiyāka iruntār.
beautiful and ugly
அழகானதும் அசிங்கமானதும்
Aḻakāṉatum aciṅkamāṉatum
The butterfly is beautiful.
வண்ணத்துப்பூச்சி அழகானது.
vaṇṇattuppūcci aḻakāṉatu.
The spider is ugly.
சிலந்திப்பூச்சி அசிங்கமானது.
Cilantippūcci aciṅkamāṉatu.
fat and thin
பருமனும் ஒல்லியும்
Parumaṉum olliyum
A woman who weighs a hundred kilos is fat.
நூறு கிலோ எடை உடைய ஒரு பெண் பருமனானவள்.
nūṟu kilō eṭai uṭaiya oru peṇ parumaṉāṉavaḷ.
A man who weighs fifty kilos is thin.
ஐம்பது கிலோ எடை உடைய ஒரு பெண் ஒல்லியானவள்.
Aimpatu kilō eṭai uṭaiya oru peṇ olliyāṉavaḷ.
expensive and cheap
விலை உயர்ந்ததும் மலிவானதும்
Vilai uyarntatum malivāṉatum
The car is expensive.
மோட்டார் வண்டி விலை உயர்ந்தது.
mōṭṭār vaṇṭi vilai uyarntatu.
The newspaper is cheap.
செய்தித்தாள் மலிவானது.
Ceytittāḷ malivāṉatu.


More and more people are growing up bilingual. They can speak more than one language. Many of these people often switch languages. They decide which language to use depending on the situation. For example, they speak a different language at work than at home. By doing so, they adapt themselves to their environment. But there is also the possibility of switching languages spontaneously. This phenomenon is called code-switching. In code-switching, the language gets switched in the middle of speaking. There could be many reasons why speakers switch languages. Often, they don't find the appropriate word in one language. They can express themselves better in the other language. It can also be that the speaker feels more confident in one of the languages. They use this language for private or personal things. Sometimes a certain word doesn't exist in a language. In this case the speaker must switch languages. Or they switch languages so that they aren't understood. In that case code-switching works like a secret language. Earlier, mixing languages was criticized. It was thought that the speaker couldn't speak either language correctly. Today it is viewed differently. Code-switching is recognized as a special linguistic competence. It can be interesting to observe speakers using code-switching. Often, they don't just switch the language they're speaking. Other communicative elements change as well. Many speak faster, louder or more accentuated in the other language. Or they suddenly use more gestures and facial expressions. In this way, code-switching is always a little bit of culture-switching too…

Guess the language!

Finnish is the native language of approximately 5 million people. It is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is closely related to Estonian, and very distantly related to Hungarian. As a Uralic language, it strongly differentiates itself from the Indo-Germanic languages. An example of this is its agglutinating language structure. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixed syllables. This is how long words originate that are so typical for Finnish. Another hallmark of Finnish is its many vowels.

Finnish grammar distinguishes between 15 different cases. It is important to clearly separate long and short sounds in the intonation. Written and spoken Finnish are noticeably different from each other. This phenomenon is less pronounced in other European languages. All of this makes Finnish not especially easy. But all rules are consistently upheld. And the nice thing about Finnish is that it is so completely logical!


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