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55 [fifty-five]



55 [ஐம்பத்தி ஐந்து]

வேலை செய்வது


What do you do for a living?
நீங்கள் என்ன வேலை செய்கிறீர்கள்?
nīṅkaḷ eṉṉa vēlai ceykiṟīrkaḷ?
My husband is a doctor.
என் கணவர் ஒரு மருத்துவர்.
Eṉ kaṇavar oru maruttuvar.
I work as a nurse part-time.
நான் பகுதி நேர நர்ஸாக வேலை செய்கிறேன்.
Nāṉ pakuti nēra narsāka vēlai ceykiṟēṉ.
We will soon receive our pension.
எங்களுக்கு சீக்கிரம் ஓய்வூதியம் வந்துவிடும்.
Eṅkaḷukku cīkkiram ōyvūtiyam vantuviṭum.
But taxes are high.
ஆனால் வரிகள் மிகவும் அதிகமாக உள்ளன.
Āṉāl varikaḷ mikavum atikamāka uḷḷaṉa.
And health insurance is expensive.
மற்றும் ஆரோக்கியக் காப்பீடு கட்டணம் மிகவும் அதிகமாக உள்ளது.
Maṟṟum ārōkkiyak kāppīṭu kaṭṭaṇam mikavum atikamāka uḷḷatu.
What would you like to become some day?
நீ பெரியவனாகும் போது என்னவாக ஆசைப்படுகிறாய்?
Nī periyavaṉākum pōtu eṉṉavāka ācaippaṭukiṟāy?
I would like to become an engineer.
நான் ஒரு பொறியாளர் ஆக ஆசைப்படுகிறேன்.
Nāṉ oru poṟiyāḷar āka ācaippaṭukiṟēṉ.
I want to go to college.
நான் கல்லூரியில் படிக்க ஆசைப்படுகிறேன்.
Nāṉ kallūriyil paṭikka ācaippaṭukiṟēṉ.
I am an intern.
நான் ஓர் உள்ளகப் பயிற்சி பெறுபவன்.
Nāṉ ōr uḷḷakap payiṟci peṟupavaṉ.
I do not earn much.
என் சம்பளம் அதிகம் இல்லை.
Eṉ campaḷam atikam illai.
I am doing an internship abroad.
நான் வெளிநாட்டில் உள்ளகப்பயிற்சி பெற்றுக்கொண்டு இருக்கிறேன்.
Nāṉ veḷināṭṭil uḷḷakappayiṟci peṟṟukkoṇṭu irukkiṟēṉ.
That is my boss.
அது என்னுடைய மேலாளர்.
Atu eṉṉuṭaiya mēlāḷar.
I have nice colleagues.
என்னுடன் பணிபுரிபவர்கள் நல்லவர்கள்.
Eṉṉuṭaṉ paṇipuripavarkaḷ nallavarkaḷ.
We always go to the cafeteria at noon.
நாங்கள் மதியத்தில் சிற்றுண்டிச்சாலை செல்வோம்.
Nāṅkaḷ matiyattil ciṟṟuṇṭiccālai celvōm.
I am looking for a job.
நான் ஒரு வேலை தேடிக்கொண்டு இருக்கிறேன்.
Nāṉ oru vēlai tēṭikkoṇṭu irukkiṟēṉ.
I have already been unemployed for a year.
நான் ஏற்கனவே ஒரு வருடமாக வேலையில்லாமல் இருக்கிறேன்.
Nāṉ ēṟkaṉavē oru varuṭamāka vēlaiyillāmal irukkiṟēṉ.
There are too many unemployed people in this country.
இந்த நாட்டில் நிறைய வேலையில்லாத மனிதர்கள் இருக்கிறார்கள்.
Inta nāṭṭil niṟaiya vēlaiyillāta maṉitarkaḷ irukkiṟārkaḷ.

Memory needs speech

Most people remember their first day of school. However, they no longer recall that which came before. We have almost no memory of our first years of life. But why is that? Why can't we remember the experiences we had as a baby? The reason lies in our development. Speech and memory develop at about the same time. And in order to remember something, a person needs speech. That is, he must have words for that which he experiences. Scientists have conducted various tests with children. In doing so, they made an interesting discovery. As soon as children learn to speak, they forget everything that came before. The beginning of speech is therefore also the beginning of memory. Children learn a great deal in the first three years of their lives. They experience new things every day. They also have many important experiences at this age. Despite this, it all disappears. Psychologists refer to this phenomenon as infantile amnesia. Only the things that children can name remain. The autobiographical memory retains personal experiences. It functions like a journal. Everything that is important in our life is recorded in it. In this way, the autobiographical memory forms our identity. But its development is dependent upon the learning of the native language. And we can only activate our memory through our speech. The things that we learn as a baby are not really gone, of course. They are stored somewhere in our brain. We just can't access them anymore… – that's a shame, isn't it?

Guess the language!

______ is one of the eleven official languages of South ****ca. It was the language of the Boers. They settled in ****ca during colonial times. Its origins can be traced to 17th century Dutch. Therefore, it belongs to the West Germanic language family. The language has naturally changed over time. The grammar of ______ is simpler than that of Dutch today. It also contains many elements that were borrowed from English.

This is because the British also had colonies in the region. ______ is not only understood in South ****ca, though. It is also spoken in Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Botswana. It is estimated that in total more than 20 million people understand ______. It is the native language of 7 million people in South ****ca alone. Even more people speak ______ as their second or third language. A person can get around easily in many regions of ****ca with ______. Therefore it is worth it to learn this relatively simple language!


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