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67 [sixty-seven]

Possessive pronouns 2

 


೬೭ [ಅರವತ್ತೇಳು]

ಸ್ವಾಮ್ಯಸೂಚಕ ಸರ್ವನಾಮಗಳು ೨

 

 
the glasses
ಕನ್ನಡಕ.
Kannaḍaka.
He has forgotten his glasses.
ಅವನು ತನ್ನ ಕನ್ನಡಕವನ್ನು ಮರೆತಿದ್ದಾನೆ.
Avanu tanna kannaḍakavannu maretiddāne.
Where has he left his glasses?
ಅವನ ಕನ್ನಡಕ ಎಲ್ಲಿದೆ?
Avana kannaḍaka ellide?
 
 
 
 
the clock
ಗಡಿಯಾರ.
Gaḍiyāra.
His clock isn’t working.
ಅವನ ಗಡಿಯಾರ ಕೆಟ್ಟಿದೆ.
Avana gaḍiyāra keṭṭide.
The clock hangs on the wall.
ಗಡಿಯಾರ ಗೋಡೆಯ ಮೇಲೆ ಇದೆ.
Gaḍiyāra gōḍeya mēle ide.
 
 
 
 
the passport
ಪಾಸ್ ಪೋರ್ಟ್
Pās pōrṭ
He has lost his passport.
ಅವನು ತನ್ನ ಪಾಸ್ ಪೋರ್ಟ್ ಅನ್ನು ಕಳೆದು ಕೊಂಡಿದ್ದಾನೆ.
avanu tanna pās pōrṭ annu kaḷedu koṇḍiddāne.
Where is his passport then?
ಅವನ ಪಾಸ್ ಪೋರ್ಟ್ ಎಲ್ಲಿದೆ?
Avana pās pōrṭ ellide?
 
 
 
 
they – their
ಅವರು – ಅವರ
Avaru – avara
The children cannot find their parents.
ಆ ಮಕ್ಕಳಿಗೆ ಅವರ (ತಮ್ಮ) ತಂದೆ, ತಾಯಿಯವರು ಸಿಕ್ಕಿಲ್ಲ.
ā makkaḷige avara (tam'ma) tande, tāyiyavaru sikkilla.
Here come their parents!
ಓ! ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಅವರ ತಂದೆ, ತಾಯಿಯವರು ಬರುತ್ತಿದ್ದಾರೆ.
Ō! Alli avara tande, tāyiyavaru baruttiddāre.
 
 
 
 
you – your
ನೀವು - ನಿಮ್ಮ.
Nīvu - nim'ma.
How was your trip, Mr. Miller?
ನಿಮ್ಮ ಪ್ರಯಾಣ ಹೇಗಿತ್ತು, (ಶ್ರೀಮಾನ್) ಮಿಲ್ಲರ್ ಅವರೆ?
Nim'ma prayāṇa hēgittu, (śrīmān) millar avare?
Where is your wife, Mr. Miller?
ನಿಮ್ಮ ಮಡದಿ ಎಲ್ಲಿದ್ದಾರೆ, (ಶ್ರೀಮಾನ್) ಮಿಲ್ಲರ್ ಅವರೆ?
Nim'ma maḍadi elliddāre, (śrīmān) millar avare?
 
 
 
 
you – your
ನೀವು - ನಿಮ್ಮ.
Nīvu - nim'ma.
How was your trip, Mrs. Smith?
ನಿಮ್ಮ ಪ್ರಯಾಣ ಹೇಗಿತ್ತು, ಶ್ರೀಮತಿ ಸ್ಮಿತ್ ಅವರೆ?
Nim'ma prayāṇa hēgittu, śrīmati smit avare?
Where is your husband, Mrs. Smith?
ನಿಮ್ಮ ಯಜಮಾನರು (ಗಂಡ) ಎಲ್ಲಿದ್ದಾರೆ ಶ್ರೀಮತಿ ಸ್ಮಿತ್ ಅವರೆ?
Nim'ma yajamānaru (gaṇḍa) elliddāre śrīmati smit avare?
 
 
 
 
 


Genetic mutation makes speaking possible

Man is the only living creature on Earth that can speak. This distinguishes him from animals and plants. Of course animals and plants also communicate with each other. However, they do not speak a complex syllable language. But why can man speak? Certain physical features are needed in order to be able to speak. These physical features are only found in humans. However, that does not necessarily mean that man developed them. In evolutionary history, nothing happens without a reason. Somewhere along the line, man began to speak. We do not yet know when exactly that was. But something must have happened that gave man speech. Researchers believe that a genetic mutation was responsible. Anthropologists have compared the genetic material of various living beings. It is well known that a particular gene influences speech. People in which it is damaged have problems with speech. They can't express themselves well and have a hard time understanding words. This gene was examined in people, apes, and mice. It is very similar in humans and chimpanzees. Only two small differences can be identified. But these differences make their presence known in the brain. Together with other genes, they influence certain brain activities. Thus humans can speak, whereas apes cannot. However, the riddle of the human language is not yet solved. For the gene mutation alone is not enough to enable speech. Researchers implanted the human gene variant in mice. It didn't give them the ability to speak… But their squeaks made quite a racket!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is thereby related to Finnish and Hungarian. However, parallels to Hungarian are only slightly noticeable. Many think that ______ is similar to Latvian or Lithuanian. That is completely false, however. Both of those languages belong to a completely different language family. ______ does not have any grammatical genders. There is no differentiation between feminine and masculine.

Instead there are 14 different cases. The orthography is not very difficult. It is determined by the pronunciation. This should definitely be practiced with a native speaker. If you want to learn ______, you need discipline and a little patience. ______s are happy to overlook little mistakes made by foreigners. They are excited to meet anyone who is interested in their language!

 

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