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15 [fifteen]

Fruits and food

 


೧೫ [ಹದಿನೈದು]

ಹಣ್ಣುಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ಆಹಾರ ಪದಾರ್ಥಗಳು

 

 
I have a strawberry.
ನನ್ನ ಬಳಿ ಒಂದು ಸ್ಟ್ರಾಬೆರಿ ಇದೆ.
nanna baḷi ondu sṭrāberi ide.
I have a kiwi and a melon.
ನನ್ನ ಬಳಿ ಒಂದು ಕಿವಿ ಮತ್ತು ಒಂದು ಕರಬೂಜ ಹಣ್ಣುಗಳಿವೆ.
Nanna baḷi ondu kivi mattu ondu karabūja haṇṇugaḷive.
I have an orange and a grapefruit.
ನನ್ನ ಬಳಿ ಒಂದು ಕಿತ್ತಳೆ ಮತ್ತು ಒಂದು ದ್ರಾಕ್ಷಿ ಹಣ್ಣುಗಳಿವೆ.
Nanna baḷi ondu kittaḷe mattu ondu drākṣi haṇṇugaḷive.
 
 
 
 
I have an apple and a mango.
ನನ್ನ ಬಳಿ ಒಂದು ಸೇಬು ಮತ್ತು ಒಂದು ಮಾವಿನ ಹಣ್ಣುಗಳಿವೆ.
Nanna baḷi ondu sēbu mattu ondu māvina haṇṇugaḷive.
I have a banana and a pineapple.
ನನ್ನ ಬಳಿ ಒಂದು ಬಾಳೆ ಮತ್ತು ಒಂದು ಅನಾನಸ್ ಹಣ್ಣುಗಳಿವೆ.
Nanna baḷi ondu bāḷe mattu ondu anānas haṇṇugaḷive.
I am making a fruit salad.
ನಾನು ಹಣ್ಣುಗಳ ರಸಾಯನ ಮಾಡುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nānu haṇṇugaḷa rasāyana māḍuttēne.
 
 
 
 
I am eating toast.
ನಾನು ಟೋಸ್ಟ್ ತಿನ್ನುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
Nānu ṭōsṭ tinnuttiddēne.
I am eating toast with butter.
ನಾನು ಟೋಸ್ಟನ್ನು ಬೆಣ್ಣೆ ಜೊತೆ ತಿನ್ನುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
Nānu ṭōsṭannu beṇṇe jote tinnuttiddēne.
I am eating toast with butter and jam.
ನಾನು ಟೋಸ್ಟನ್ನು ಬೆಣ್ಣೆ ಹಾಗು ಜ್ಯಾಮ್ ಜೊತೆ ತಿನ್ನುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
Nānu ṭōsṭannu beṇṇe hāgu jyām jote tinnuttiddēne.
 
 
 
 
I am eating a sandwich.
ನಾನು ಒಂದು ಸ್ಯಾಂಡ್ವಿಚ್ ತಿನ್ನುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
Nānu ondu syāṇḍvic tinnuttiddēne.
I am eating a sandwich with margarine.
ನಾನು ಒಂದು ಸ್ಯಾಂಡ್ವಿಚ್ ಅನ್ನು ಮಾರ್ಗರೀನ್ ಜೊತೆ ತಿನ್ನುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
Nānu ondu syāṇḍvic annu mārgarīn jote tinnuttiddēne.
I am eating a sandwich with margarine and tomatoes.
ನಾನು ಸ್ಯಾಂಡ್ವಿಚ್ ಜೊತೆ ಮಾರ್ಗರೀನ್ ಮತ್ತು ಟೊಮ್ಯಾಟೊ ತಿನ್ನುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇನೆ
Nānu syāṇḍvic jote mārgarīn mattu ṭomyāṭo tinnuttiddēne
 
 
 
 
We need bread and rice.
ನಮಗೆ ಬ್ರೆಡ್ ಮತ್ತು ಅಕ್ಕಿ ಬೇಕು.
namage breḍ mattu akki bēku.
We need fish and steaks.
ನಮಗೆ ಮೀನು ಮತ್ತು ಗೋಮಾಂಸ ಬೇಕು.
Namage mīnu mattu gōmānsa bēku.
We need pizza and spaghetti.
ನಮಗೆ ಪಿಜ್ಝಾ ಮತ್ತು ಸ್ಪಗೆಟಿ ಬೇಕು.
Namage pijjhā mattu spageṭi bēku.
 
 
 
 
What else do we need?
ನಮಗೆ ಇನ್ನೂ ಏನು ಬೇಕು?
Namage innū ēnu bēku?
We need carrots and tomatoes for the soup.
ನಮಗೆ ಸೂಪ್ ಮಾಡಲು ಕ್ಯಾರೆಟ್ ಮತ್ತು ಟೊಮ್ಯಾಟೊಗಳು ಬೇಕು.
Namage sūp māḍalu kyāreṭ mattu ṭomyāṭogaḷu bēku.
Where is the supermarket?
ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಸೂಪರ್ ಮಾರ್ಕೆಟ್ ಎಲ್ಲಿದೆ?
Illi sūpar mārkeṭ ellide?
 
 
 
 
 


Media and language

Our language is also influenced by media. New media play an especially large role here. A whole language has emerged from text messages, email and chatting. This media language is of course different in every country. Certain characteristics, however, are found in all media languages. Above all, speed is important for us users. Although we write, we want to generate a live communication. Meaning, we want to exchange information as quickly as possible. So we simulate a real conversation. In this way, our language has developed a verbal character. Words or sentences are often shortened. Grammar and punctuation rules are generally ignored. Our spelling is looser, and prepositions are often missing completely. Feelings are only seldom expressed in media language. Here we prefer to use so-called emoticons. These are symbols that are meant to indicate what we're feeling at the moment. There are also distinct codes for texting and a slang for chat communication. Media language is therefore a very reduced language. But it is used by all (users) in a similar way. Studies show that education or intellect doesn't make a difference. Young people especially like using media language. That's why critics believe that our language is in danger. Science sees the phenomenon less pessimistically. Because children can differentiate when and how they should write. Experts believe that the new media language even has advantages. Because it can promote children's language skills and creativity. And: More is being written today – not letters, but emails! We're happy about this!

Guess the language!

______ is spoken by approximately 4 million people. ______ is counted among the southern Caucasian languages. It is written in its own semiotic system, the ______ alphabet. This writing system has 33 letters. They have the same sequence as the Greek alphabet. However, the ______ writing system is most likely derived from that of the Aramaic language. In ______ it is typical to have many consonants follow each other. Many ______ words are therefore difficult for foreigners to pronounce.

The grammar is also not very easy. It contains many elements that do not exist in any other language. ______ vocabulary reveals a lot about the history of the Caucasus. It contains many words that were adopted from other languages. Among them are Greek, Persian, Arabic, Russian and Turkish. But the special thing about ______ is its long tradition. ______ is among the oldest living languages of the civilized world!

 

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book2 English UK - Kannada for beginners