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10 [ten]

Yesterday – today – tomorrow


೧೦ [ಹತ್ತು]

ನಿನ್ನೆ- ಇಂದು - ನಾಳೆ


Yesterday was Saturday.
ನಿನ್ನೆ ಶನಿವಾರ (ವಾಗಿತ್ತು)
Ninne śanivāra (vāgittu)
I was at the cinema yesterday.
ನಾನು ನಿನ್ನೆ ಚಿತ್ರಮಂದಿರದಲ್ಲಿದ್ದೆ.
nānu ninne citramandiradallidde.
The film was interesting.
ಚಿತ್ರ ಸ್ವಾರಸ್ಯಕರವಾಗಿತ್ತು.
Citra svārasyakaravāgittu.
Today is Sunday.
ಇಂದು ಭಾನುವಾರ.
Indu bhānuvāra.
I’m not working today.
ಇಂದು ನಾನು ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುವುದಿಲ್ಲ.
Indu nānu kelasa māḍuvudilla.
I’m staying at home.
ನಾನು ಮನೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಇರುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nānu maneyalli iruttēne.
Tomorrow is Monday.
ನಾಳೆ ಸೋಮವಾರ.
Nāḷe sōmavāra.
Tomorrow I will work again.
ನಾಳೆ ಪುನಃ ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nāḷe punaḥ kelasa māḍuttēne.
I work at an office.
ನಾನು ಕಛೇರಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nānu kachēriyalli kelasa māḍuttēne.
Who is that?
ಅವರು ಯಾರು?
Avaru yāru?
That is Peter.
ಅವರು ಪೀಟರ್.
Avaru pīṭar.
Peter is a student.
ಪೀಟರ್ ಒಬ್ಬ ವಿದ್ಯಾರ್ಥಿ.
Pīṭar obba vidyārthi.
Who is that?
ಅವರು ಯಾರು?
Avaru yāru?
That is Martha.
ಅವರು ಮಾರ್ಥ.
Avaru mārtha.
Martha is a secretary.
ಅವರು ಕಾರ್ಯದರ್ಶಿ.
Avaru kāryadarśi.
Peter and Martha are friends.
ಪೀಟರ್ ಮತ್ತು ಮಾರ್ಥ ಸ್ನೇಹಿತರು.
Pīṭar mattu mārtha snēhitaru.
Peter is Martha’s friend.
ಪೀಟರ್ ಮಾರ್ಥ ಅವರ ಸ್ನೇಹಿತ.
Pīṭar mārtha avara snēhita.
Martha is Peter’s friend.
ಮಾರ್ಥ ಪೀಟರ್ ಅವರ ಸ್ನೇಹಿತೆ.
Mārtha pīṭar avara snēhite.

Learning in your sleep

Today, foreign languages are a part of general education. If only learning them weren't so tedious! There is good news for those that have difficulties with them. For we learn most effectively in our sleep! Multiple scientific studies have arrived at this conclusion. And we can use this when it comes to learning languages. We process the day's events in our sleep. Our brains analyze new experiences. Everything that we've experienced is thought out once again. And the new content is reinforced in our brains. Things that are learned just before falling asleep are retained especially well. Therefore, it can be helpful to review important items in the evening. A different phase of sleep is responsible for different learning content. REM sleep supports psychomotor learning. Playing music or sports belongs in this category. In contrast, the learning of pure knowledge takes place in deep sleep. This is where everything we learn is reviewed. Even vocabulary and grammar! When we learn languages, our brain must work very hard. It has to store new words and rules. This is all played back once more in sleep. Researchers call this Replay Theory. However, it's important that you sleep well. Body and mind have to recuperate properly. Only then can the brain work efficiently. You could say: good sleep, good cognitive performance. While we're resting, our brain is still active… So: Gute Nacht, good night, buona notte, dobrou noc!

Guess the language!

British ______ is the form of ______ that is spoken in Great Britain. It is counted among the West Germanic languages. It is the native language of approximately 60 million people. It deviates from American ______ in a few areas. ______ is thus considered a pluricentric language. That means that it is a language that has multiple standard forms. Differences can relate to pronunciation, vocabulary, and orthography, for example. British ______ is divided into many dialects that in some cases are very different.

For a long time dialect speakers were considered uneducated and could not find good jobs. Today it is different, even though dialects still play a role in Great Britain. British ______ has also been strongly influenced by French. This dates back to the Norman Conquest in 1066. In turn, Great Britain took its language to other continents during the colonial times. In this way, ______ became one of the most important languages of the world in the last few centuries. Learn ______, but the original please!


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