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73 [seventy-three]

to be allowed to


73 [յոթանասուներեք]

թույլատրել, կարելի է


Are you already allowed to drive?
Քեզ արդեն թույլատրվու՞մ է մեքենա վարել:
K’yez arden t’uylatrvu՞m e mek’yena varel
Are you already allowed to drink alcohol?
Քեզ արդեն թույլատրվու՞մ է ալկոհոլ խմել:
K’yez arden t’uylatrvu՞m e alkohol khmel
Are you already allowed to travel abroad alone?
Քեզ արդեն թույլատրվու՞մ է մենակ արտասահման գնալ:
K’yez arden t’uylatrvu՞m e menak artasahman gnal
may / to be allowed
թույլատրել, կարելի է
t’uylatrel, kareli e
May we smoke here?
Կարո՞ղ ենք այստեղ ծխել:
Karo՞gh yenk’ aystegh tskhel
Is smoking allowed here?
Կարելի՞ է այստեղ ծխել:
Kareli՞ e aystegh tskhel
May one pay by credit card?
Կարելի՞ է վարկային քարտով վճարել:
Kareli՞ e varkayin k’artov vcharel
May one pay by cheque / check (am.)?
Կարելի՞ է չեկերով վճարել:
Kareli՞ e ch’yekerov vcharel
May one only pay in cash?
Կարելի՞ է միայն կանխիկ վճարել:
Kareli՞ e miayn kankhik vcharel
May I just make a call?
Կարելի՞ է զանգահարել:
Kareli՞ e zangaharel
May I just ask something?
Կարելի՞ է ինչ որ բան հարցնել:
Kareli՞ e inch’ vor ban harts’nel
May I just say something?
Կարելի՞ է ինչ որ բան ասել:
Kareli՞ e inch’ vor ban asel
He is not allowed to sleep in the park.
Նրան չի կարելի քնել այգում:
Nran ch’i kareli k’nel aygum
He is not allowed to sleep in the car.
Նրան չի կարելի քնել մեքենայում:
Nran ch’i kareli k’nel mek’yenayum
He is not allowed to sleep at the train station.
Նրան չի կարելի քնել կայարանում:
Nran ch’i kareli k’nel kayaranum
May we take a seat?
Կարելի՞ է նստել:
Kareli՞ e nstel
May we have the menu?
Կարելի՞ է մենյուն ստանանք:
Kareli՞ e menyun stanank’
May we pay separately?
Կարելի՞ է առանձին վճարենք:
Kareli՞ e arrandzin vcharenk’

How the brain learns new words

When we learn new vocabulary, our brain stores new content. Learning only works with constant repetition. How well our brain stores words is dependent on multiple factors. But the most important thing is that we review vocabulary on a regular basis. Only words that we use or write often get stored. It could be said that these words are archived like images. This principle of learning is also true in apes. Apes can learn to ‘read’ words, if they see them often enough. Although they don't understand the words, they recognize them by their form. In order to speak a language fluently, we need many words. For that, the vocabulary must be well organized. Because our memory functions like an archive. In order to find a word quickly, it must know where to search. Therefore it's better to learn words in a particular context. Then our brain will always be able to open the correct ‘file’. But even that which we have learned well can be forgotten. In this case, the knowledge moves from the active into the passive memory. By forgetting, we free ourselves of knowledge we don't need. This is how our brain makes room for new and more important things. Therefore, it is important that we activate our knowledge on a regular basis. But that which is in the passive memory isn't lost forever. When we see a forgotten word, we remember it again. We learn that which we've learned before more quickly the second time. He who wants to expand his vocabulary must also expand his hobbies. Because each of us has certain interests. Therefore, we typically busy ourselves with the same things. But a language consists of many different semantic fields. A person interested in politics should also read sports papers sometime!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Aryan languages. It is spoken in most of the states of northern and central India. ______ is closely related to the Urdu language that is primarily spoken in Pakistan. For all intents and purposes, the two languages are almost identical. The crucial difference is in the writing system. ______ is written in Devanagari. On the other hand, Urdu uses the Arabic semiotic system. Distinctive for ______ are the many dialects.

These differ, sometimes strongly, from one another due to the country's size. ______ is the native language of 370 million people. An additional 150 million people are proficient in ______ as a second language. With that, ______ is among the most spoken languages of the world. It is in second place after Chinese. So it comes before Spanish and English! And India's influence in the world is growing rapidly!


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