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15 [fifteen]

Fruits and food


‫15[خمسة عشر]‬

‫فواكه ومواد غذائية.‬


I have a strawberry.
‫لدي حبة فراولة.‬
ldi habbat farawilata
I have a kiwi and a melon.
‫لدي حبة كيوي وشمامة.‬
ldi habbat kayawi washamamata
I have an orange and a grapefruit.
‫لدي برتقالة وحبة جريب فروت.‬
ldi biritiqalat wahbat jarib ffaruta
I have an apple and a mango.
‫لدي تفاحة وحبة مانجو.‬
ldi tifahat wahbat manju
I have a banana and a pineapple.
‫لدي موزة وحبة أناناس.‬
ldi mawzzat wahbbat 'ananas
I am making a fruit salad.
‫إني أحضر سلطة فواكه.‬
'iini 'ahdar sultatan fawakuha
I am eating toast.
‫إني آكل خبزاً محمصاً.‬
'iini akal khbzaan mhmsaan
I am eating toast with butter.
‫ آكل خبزاً محمصاً مع زبدة.‬
akal khbzaan mhmsaan mae zabdata
I am eating toast with butter and jam.
‫آكل خبزاً محمصاً مع زبدة ومربى.‬
akul khbzaan mhmsaan mae zabdat wamarbaa
I am eating a sandwich.
‫آكل سندويشة‬
akul sndwysht
I am eating a sandwich with margarine.
‫آكل سندويشة مع مرغرين.‬
akul sanadwishat mae murgharin
I am eating a sandwich with margarine and tomatoes.
‫آكل سندويشة مع مرغرين وبندورة.‬
akul sanadwishat mae murghghirin wabandawarat
We need bread and rice.
‫إننا نحتاج خبزاً وأرزاً.‬
'innana nahtaj khbzaan warzaan
We need fish and steaks.
‫نحن بحاجة للسمك وشرائح اللحم.‬
nhin bihajat llilssimk washarayih alllahma
We need pizza and spaghetti.
‫نحن بحاجة لبيتزا وسباغيتي.‬
nhin bihajat llibaytizana washabbaghiati
What else do we need?
‫ماذا نحتاج أيضاً؟‬
mmadha nahtaj aydaan
We need carrots and tomatoes for the soup.
‫نحن بحاجة لجزر وبندورة للحساء.‬
nhan bihajat llijuzur wabandurat llilhasa'a
Where is the supermarket?
‫أين هو المتجر الكبير؟‬
aiyn hu almutajarr alkabir

Media and language

Our language is also influenced by media. New media play an especially large role here. A whole language has emerged from text messages, email and chatting. This media language is of course different in every country. Certain characteristics, however, are found in all media languages. Above all, speed is important for us users. Although we write, we want to generate a live communication. Meaning, we want to exchange information as quickly as possible. So we simulate a real conversation. In this way, our language has developed a verbal character. Words or sentences are often shortened. Grammar and punctuation rules are generally ignored. Our spelling is looser, and prepositions are often missing completely. Feelings are only seldom expressed in media language. Here we prefer to use so-called emoticons. These are symbols that are meant to indicate what we're feeling at the moment. There are also distinct codes for texting and a slang for chat communication. Media language is therefore a very reduced language. But it is used by all (users) in a similar way. Studies show that education or intellect doesn't make a difference. Young people especially like using media language. That's why critics believe that our language is in danger. Science sees the phenomenon less pessimistically. Because children can differentiate when and how they should write. Experts believe that the new media language even has advantages. Because it can promote children's language skills and creativity. And: More is being written today – not letters, but emails! We're happy about this!

Guess the language!

______ is spoken by approximately 4 million people. ______ is counted among the southern Caucasian languages. It is written in its own semiotic system, the ______ alphabet. This writing system has 33 letters. They have the same sequence as the Greek alphabet. However, the ______ writing system is most likely derived from that of the Aramaic language. In ______ it is typical to have many consonants follow each other. Many ______ words are therefore difficult for foreigners to pronounce.

The grammar is also not very easy. It contains many elements that do not exist in any other language. ______ vocabulary reveals a lot about the history of the Caucasus. It contains many words that were adopted from other languages. Among them are Greek, Persian, Arabic, Russian and Turkish. But the special thing about ______ is its long tradition. ______ is among the oldest living languages of the civilized world!


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