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15 [fifteen]

Fruits and food


‫15 [خمسة عشر]‬

‫الثمار والمواد الغذائية‬


I have a strawberry.
‫معي حبة فراولة.‬
mayi habbat farawla
I have a kiwi and a melon.
‫معي حبة كيوي وشمامة.‬
mayi habbat kewi wa shammaama
I have an orange and a grapefruit.
‫معي برتقالة وحبة جريب فروت.‬
mayi bortokala wa habbat jarib froot
I have an apple and a mango.
‫معي تفاحة وحبة مانجو.‬
mayi toffaha wa habbat mango
I have a banana and a pineapple.
‫معي موزة وحبة أناناس.‬
mayi mawza wa habbat ananas
I am making a fruit salad.
‫أنا أعمل سلطة فاكهة.‬
ana amal saltat faakiha
I am eating toast.
‫أنا آكل قطعة توست.‬
ana akol kitaat toowist
I am eating toast with butter.
‫أنا آكل قطعة توست مع زبدة.‬
ana akol kitaat toowist maa zobda
I am eating toast with butter and jam.
‫أنا آكل قطعة توست مع زبدة ومربى.‬
ana akol kitaat toowist maa zobda wa morabbaa
I am eating a sandwich.
‫أنا آكل ساندوتش.‬
ana akol sandwitsh
I am eating a sandwich with margarine.
‫أنا آكل ساندوتش بالمرجرين.‬
ana akol sandwitsh belmarjiriin
I am eating a sandwich with margarine and tomatoes.
‫أنا آكل ساندوتش بالمرجرين والطماطم.‬
ana akol sandwitsh belmarjiriin wa etamaatem
We need bread and rice.
‫نحتاج إلى خبز وأرز.‬
nahtaaj ilaa khobz wa aroz
We need fish and steaks.
‫نحتاج إلى سمك وستيك.‬
nahtaaj ilaa samak wa stiik
We need pizza and spaghetti.
‫نحتاج إلى بيتزا ومكرونة إسباجيتى.‬
nahtaaj ilaa pitzaa wa makroona sbajitii
What else do we need?
‫ماذا نحتاج زيادة على ذلك؟‬
matha nahtaaj ziyaadatan alaa thalik?
We need carrots and tomatoes for the soup.
‫نحتاج إلى جزر وطماطم للشوربة.‬
nahtaaj ilaa jazar w tamaatem lelshoorba
Where is the supermarket?
‫أين الـسوبر ماركت؟‬
ayna elsoober maarket?

Media and language

Our language is also influenced by media. New media play an especially large role here. A whole language has emerged from text messages, email and chatting. This media language is of course different in every country. Certain characteristics, however, are found in all media languages. Above all, speed is important for us users. Although we write, we want to generate a live communication. Meaning, we want to exchange information as quickly as possible. So we simulate a real conversation. In this way, our language has developed a verbal character. Words or sentences are often shortened. Grammar and punctuation rules are generally ignored. Our spelling is looser, and prepositions are often missing completely. Feelings are only seldom expressed in media language. Here we prefer to use so-called emoticons. These are symbols that are meant to indicate what we're feeling at the moment. There are also distinct codes for texting and a slang for chat communication. Media language is therefore a very reduced language. But it is used by all (users) in a similar way. Studies show that education or intellect doesn't make a difference. Young people especially like using media language. That's why critics believe that our language is in danger. Science sees the phenomenon less pessimistically. Because children can differentiate when and how they should write. Experts believe that the new media language even has advantages. Because it can promote children's language skills and creativity. And: More is being written today – not letters, but emails! We're happy about this!

Guess the language!

______ is spoken by approximately 4 million people. ______ is counted among the southern Caucasian languages. It is written in its own semiotic system, the ______ alphabet. This writing system has 33 letters. They have the same sequence as the Greek alphabet. However, the ______ writing system is most likely derived from that of the Aramaic language. In ______ it is typical to have many consonants follow each other. Many ______ words are therefore difficult for foreigners to pronounce.

The grammar is also not very easy. It contains many elements that do not exist in any other language. ______ vocabulary reveals a lot about the history of the Caucasus. It contains many words that were adopted from other languages. Among them are Greek, Persian, Arabic, Russian and Turkish. But the special thing about ______ is its long tradition. ______ is among the oldest living languages of the civilized world!


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners