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8 [eight]

The time

 


8 [и]

Мафэм илъэхъан

 

 
Excuse me!
ЕмыкIу умышIы!
EmykIu umyshIy!
What time is it, please?
Сыхьатыр тхьапш хъугъэ, къысаIоба?
Syh'atyr th'apsh hugje, kysaIoba?
Thank you very much.
Тхьауегъэпсэушхо осэIо (шъосэIо).
Th'auegjepsjeushho osjeIo (shosjeIo).
 
 
 
 
It is one o’clock.
Сыхьатыр зы хъугъэ.
Syh'atyr zy hugje.
It is two o’clock.
Сыхьатыр тIу хъугъэ.
Syh'atyr tIu hugje.
It is three o’clock.
Сыхьатыр щы хъугъэ.
Syh'atyr shhy hugje.
 
 
 
 
It is four o’clock.
Сыхьатыр плIы хъугъэ.
Syh'atyr plIy hugje.
It is five o’clock.
Сыхьатыр тфы хъугъэ.
Syh'atyr tfy hugje.
It is six o’clock.
Сыхьатыр хы хъугъэ.
Syh'atyr hy hugje.
 
 
 
 
It is seven o’clock.
Сыхьатыр блы хъугъэ.
Syh'atyr bly hugje.
It is eight o’clock.
Сыхьатыр и хъугъэ.
Syh'atyr i hugje.
It is nine o’clock.
Сыхьатыр бгъу хъугъэ.
Syh'atyr bgu hugje.
 
 
 
 
It is ten o’clock.
Сыхьатыр пшIы хъугъэ.
Syh'atyr pshIy hugje.
It is eleven o’clock.
Сыхьатыр пшIыкIузы хъугъэ.
Syh'atyr pshIykIuzy hugje.
It is twelve o’clock.
Сыхьатыр пшIыкIутIу хъугъэ.
Syh'atyr pshIykIutIu hugje.
 
 
 
 
A minute has sixty seconds.
Зы такъикъыр нэугъэупIэпIэгъу тIокIищ мэхъу.
Zy takikyr njeugjeupIjepIjegu tIokIishh mjehu.
An hour has sixty minutes.
Зы сыхьатыр такъикъ тIокIищ мэхъу.
Zy syh'atyr takik tIokIishh mjehu.
A day has twenty-four hours.
Зы мафэр сыхьат тIокIрэ плIырэ мэхъу.
Zy mafjer syh'at tIokIrje plIyrje mjehu.
 
 
 
 
 

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Language families

About 7 billion people live on Earth. And they speak about 7,000 different languages! Like people, languages can also be related. That is, they originate from a common root. There are also languages that are completely isolated. They are not genetically related to any other language. In Europe, for example, Basque is considered an isolated language. But most languages have "parents", "children" or "siblings". They belong to a particular language family. You can recognize how similar languages are through comparisons. Linguists today count around 300 genetic entities. Among those, there are 180 families that consist of more than one language. The rest make up 120 isolated languages. The largest language family is the Indo-European. It is comprised of around 280 languages. This includes Romance, Germanic and Slavic languages. There are more than 3 billion speakers on all continents! The Sino-Tibetan language family is dominant in Asia. It has more than 1.3 billion speakers. The main Sino-Tibetan language is Chinese. The third largest language family is in Africa. It is named after its area of circulation: Niger-Congo. "Only" 350 million speakers belong to it. Swahili is the main language in this family. In most cases: the closer the relationship, the better the understanding. People who speak related languages understand each other well. They can learn the other language relatively quickly. So, learn languages – family reunions are always nice!

 


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